|391,088 (2017) 2.2% of the Dutch population|
|Regions with significant populations|
|predominantly Randstad (70%), Noord-Brabant and Limburg (16%)|
|Dutch, Berber (85%), Moroccan Arabic (15%)|
|Mainly Islam, minority Christianity, Judaism and Atheism|
Moroccans were not much represented in the first major wave of migration to the Netherlands from the mid-1940s to the mid-1960s, which consisted mostly of people from the Netherlands' former colonies. However, they began to show up in large numbers during the second wave; between 1965 and 1973, one hundred thousand Turks and Moroccans came to the Netherlands, and a further 170,000 from 1974 to 1986. Earlier arrivals consisted of guest workers, whose recruitment and admission was governed by a bilateral treaty signed in 1969. However, the guests did not return home. From the 1970s, the number arriving under family reunification schemes became more significant. Around half originated from the mountainous Rif region.
According to the Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau annual report, marriages in 2001 between Moroccan immigrants and native Dutch were rare, only 5% of the marriages. A 90% share of the marriages were to the same ethnic group and 2/3 of the spouse was a "marriage migrant" from the country of origin.
- 166,774 persons of first-generation background (88,084 men, 78,690 women)
- 174,754 persons of second-generation background (88,563 men, 86,191 women), of which:
- 23,255 persons with one parent born in the Netherlands (11,911 men, 11,344 women)
- 151,499 persons with both parents born outside of the Netherlands (76,652 men, 74,847 women)
For a total of 353,987 persons (176,647 men, 164,881 women). This represented roughly 51% growth over the 1996 total of 225,088 persons. The population has shown an annual increase since then.
In 2005 according to the Sociaal en Cultureel Planbureau annual report, most of the first-generation Moroccan migrants had a very low level of education with many of them had little or no schooling at all. In addition to these, many of the Moroccan "marriage migrants" who arrived in the Netherlands by marrying an immigrant already living in the country as well as the 'in-between-generation' which arrived while aged 6-18 have a low education. An outcome of this circumstance is a poor command of the Dutch language among these groups.
While almost half of Dutch and Iranian origin pupils attend secondary education (Hoger algemeen voortgezet onderwijs or havo) or pre-university education (Voorbereidend wetenschappelijk onderwijs or vwo), only a fifth of Moroccan pupils do so.
In 2015, individuals with a Moroccan background were almost five times as likely to be suspected for a crime compared to the native Dutch, with the first generation 2.5 times more likely and the second generation 7.4 times more likely, males almost 7.8 times more likely and women 1.34 times more likely.
"I know my friends from the street," a 2002 Verweij-Jonker Institute report on leisure time of Dutch Turks and Dutch Moroccans, stated that Dutch Moroccans tend to make few new contacts from the street, tend to spend leisure time with members of the same ethnicity and sex, and have leisure activities heavily influenced by "Moroccan culture". Frank Buijs did a 1993 study of young Moroccan men in the Netherlands. He found that young men prefer attending "Moroccan parties" over other types of parties since they are able to meet other Moroccans and consider the parties to be "fun".
Trees Pels' 1982 literature study of Dutch-Turks and Dutch-Moroccans concluded that, of both groups, due to socio-cultural factors, girls "infrequently" participated in leisure activities.
In the 1990s, several organizations were established to encourage and promote Dutch Moroccan cultural productions. In 1996 Hassan Housetta concluded that the Dutch Moroccan community received little support from the Dutch government in some of its artistic and cultural expressions. Bousetta concluded that, in the words of Miriam Gazzah, author of "Rhythms and Rhymes of Life: Music and Identification Processes of Dutch-Moroccan Youth," "the state's policy aimed at political emancipation of Moroccans obstructed rather than promoted the production of new or innovative cultural and artistic developments."
Laurens Buijs, Gert Hekma, and Jan Willem Duyvendak, authors of the 2011 article ‘As long as they keep away from me’: The paradox of antigay violence in a gay-friendly country, explained that members of three ethnic groups, Dutch-Moroccans, Dutch-Antilleans, and Dutch-Turks, "are less accepting towards homosexuality, also when controlled for gender, age, level of education and religiosity."
Police records reveal that perpetrators of anti-gay violence in Amsterdam are as often Dutch as they are Dutch-Moroccan, and Buijs et al. said Dutch-Moroccans "are over-represented as suspects" because 16% of male youth under 25 are Dutch-Moroccan compared to 39% of male youth under 25 being native Dutch. The Party for Freedom (PVV) had stated that "The perpetrators of antigay violence in the big cities are almost always Muslims, almost always Moroccans." Buijs et al. say that overrepresentation of Dutch-Moroccans in statistics of antigay violence recorded by Dutch police is "more likely the result of their low social-economic position, combined with the fact that their family networks are less tight, and their upbringing less strict, than for example those of Dutch-Turks." Buijs et al. say that the lack of tight family networks and the more lax upbringing "draws the Dutch-Moroccans, more often than youngsters from other groups, away from their homes and schools to public spaces, where they learn to live according to the tough and hyper-masculine codes of the culture of the street."
- Ahmed Aboutaleb, first Moroccan-Dutch mayor of Rotterdam
- Khadija Arib, Speaker of the Dutch House of Representatives
- Ahmed Marcouch, mayor of Arnhem
- Ali B, hip-hop artist
- Adam Maher, football (soccer) player.
- Badr Hari, kickboxer
- Ibrahim Afellay, football (soccer) player.
- Abdelkader Benali, novelist, columnist.
- Abdelhak Nouri, soccer player from Amsterdam
- Mounir El Hamdaoui, football (soccer) player.
- Najib Amhali, comedian
- Rajae El Mouhandiz, singer, recording artist, producer & poet.
- Khalid Boulahrouz, football (soccer) player.
- R3hab, DJ.
- Hakim Ziyech, football (soccer) player from Dronten
- Nordin Amrabat, football (soccer) player from Naarden
- Karim El Ahmadi, football (soccer) player from Rotterdam
- Imaan Hammam, fashion model
- Moroccans in France
- North African communities of Paris
- Moroccans in Spain
- Moroccan people in Italy
- Moroccans in Belgium
- Moroccan Canadians
- Moroccan American
- Moroccans in Sweden
- British Moroccans
- Gazzah 2008, p. 12
- Gazzah 2008, p. 11
- Dibbits 2007, p. 11
- Dibbits 2007, p. 14
- El Bardaï 2003, p. 322
- El Bardaï 2003, p. 327
- "Jaarrapport Integratie 2005 - SCP Summary". www.scp.nl (in Dutch). p. 2-4. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
- CBS 2009; the year 1996 is the earliest for which statistics are available online
- Buijs, et al., p. 634.
- Annual Report on Integration 2016 (PDF). The Hague: Statistics Netherlands. 2016. p. 15. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 May 2018.
- Gazzah, p. 34.
- Gazzah, p. 33.
- Buijs, et al., p. 648.
- Buijs, et al., p. 642-643.
- Wanders, John, "Aboutaleb burgemeester Rotterdam", de Volkskrant (in Dutch), retrieved 11 November 2009
- Dibbits 2007, p. 16
- "K1-vechter Badr Hari wil 'als gigant terugkeren'", 25 November 2010, Algemeen Dagblad ‹See Tfd›(in Dutch)
- Buijs, Laurens, Gert Hekma, and Jan Willem Duyvendak. "‘As long as they keep away from me’: The paradox of antigay violence in a gay-friendly country." Sexualities. December 2011 vol. 14 no. 6. p. 632-652. doi: 10.1177/1363460711422304. Available at SAGE Journals.
- El Bardaï, Omar (July 2003), "Les Marocains résidant aux Pays-Bas: caractéristiques démographiques et sociales", in Kabbaj, Khadija (ed.), Marocains de l’Extérieur (PDF), Rabat: Fondation Hassan II pour les Marocains Résidant à l’Etranger, pp. 322–373, ISBN 9954-400-19-2, Archived from the original on 23 May 2006, retrieved 24 March 2009CS1 maint: Unfit url (link) (Archive)
- Dibbits, Hester (2007), "Moroccan Dutch Boys and the Authentication of Clothing Styles", in Margry, Peter Jan; Roodenburg, Herman (eds.), Reframing Dutch culture: between otherness and authenticity, Ashgate Publishing, Ltd., pp. 11–36, ISBN 978-0-7546-4705-8
- Gazzah, Miriam (2008), Rhythms and Rhymes of Life: Music and Identification Processes of Dutch-Moroccan Youth, ISIM Dissertations Series, Amsterdam University Press, ISBN 978-90-8964-062-8
- Population by origin and generation, 1 January, The Hague: Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek, 2009, retrieved 27 October 2009