Monodie

Monodie (French for 'Monody') is a short composition for organ by French composer Olivier Messiaen.

Monodie
by Olivier Messiaen
Olivier Messiaen (1986).jpg
Olivier Messiaen in 1986
CatalogueA.44
Composed1963 (1963): Paris
Performed19 May 1998 (1998-05-19): London
Published1997 (1997): Paris
ScoringOrgan

BackgroundEdit

The Monodie was composed in 1963 at the request of Jean Bonfils, who was Messiaen's assistant at the church of the Sainte-Trinité, Paris, where he was the main organist. It was written for Bonfils's and Noémie Pierrot's organ method book entitled Nouvelle méthode de clavier. Messiaen presumably didn't have his own organ at the Trinité because of a major refurbishment.[1] It was then published as a part of that book in 1963 by the Schola Cantorum. Musicologist Nigel Simeone alleges that Messiaen could have composed the Monodie as a part of a sight-reading examination at the Schola Cantorum.[2] The piece was later republished posthumously by Éditions Alphonse Leduc in 1997, as most other short works that were lost, forgotten, or never intended for publication.[1] It was formally premiered on May 19, 1998, at Westminster Cathedral, in London, with Gillian Weir at the organ.[3]

StructureEdit

This composition has a total duration of 6 minutes and a total of 17 bars of variable length. As was customary in many works by Messiaen, the monodie has no time or key signature. It starts with a single staff (as opposed to a three-staff system, which is typical of organ works). Messiaen used the tempo marking "Très modéré". The stop configuration used in the piece is stable throughout: Flute 8 (or Quintaton 16), Cor de Nuit 8, Nazard 2⅔, and Octavin 2. The piece features multiple triplets, quintuplets and sextuplets.[4]

RecordingsEdit

Following is a list of some of the most notable recordings:

Organ Record company Year of recording Format
Olivier Latry Deutsche Grammophon 2002 CD[5]
Gillian Weir Priory Records 2004 CD[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Dingle, Christopher. Messiaen's Final Works. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-351-55843-3. Retrieved 19 August 2020.
  2. ^ Simeone, Nigel (1998). Olivier Messiaen: A Bibliographical Catalogue of Messiaen's Works : First Editions and First Performances, with Illustrations of the Title Pages, Programmes, and Documents (in French). H. Schneider. ISBN 978-3-7952-0947-6. Retrieved 19 August 2020.
  3. ^ Benitez, Vincent. Olivier Messiaen: A Research and Information Guide. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-135-87130-7. Retrieved 19 August 2020.
  4. ^ Messiaen, Olivier (1997). Monodie: pour orgue. Paris: Alphonse Leduc & Cie. ISMN 9790046291463. Retrieved 19 August 2020.
  5. ^ "MESSIAEN Complete Organ Works Latry". www.deutschegrammophon.com. Retrieved 19 August 2020.
  6. ^ "Messiaen - The Complete Organ Works - Vols 5 & 6 - Organ of Arhus Cathedral, Denmark (2 CD set) | Britain's Premier Church Music Label". www.prioryrecords.co.uk. Retrieved 19 August 2020.