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Monastery of Saint John the Theologian

The Monastery of Saint John the Theologian (also called Monastery of Saint John the Divine) is a Greek Orthodox monastery founded in 1088 in Chora on the island of Patmos. UNESCO has declared it a World Heritage site.[1] It is named after St. John of Patmos.

Monastery of Saint-John the Theologian
UNESCO World Heritage site
Patmos monastery.jpg
Exterior view of the monastery walls
Location Patmos, Greece
Part of The Historic Centre (Chorá) with the Monastery of Saint-John the Theologian and the Cave of the Apocalypse on the Island of Pátmos
Criteria Cultural: (iii)(iv)(vi)
Reference 942
Inscription 1999 (23rd Session)
Coordinates 37°18′33.08″N 26°32′52.99″E / 37.3091889°N 26.5480528°E / 37.3091889; 26.5480528Coordinates: 37°18′33.08″N 26°32′52.99″E / 37.3091889°N 26.5480528°E / 37.3091889; 26.5480528
Monastery of Saint John the Theologian is located in Greece
Monastery of Saint John the Theologian
Location of Monastery of Saint John the Theologian in Greece.

Contents

HistoryEdit

In 1088, Byzantine Emperor Alexios I Komnenos gave the island of Patmos to the soldier-priest John Christodoulos. The greater part of the monastery was completed by Christodoulos three years later. He heavily fortified the exterior because of the threats of piracy and Seljuk Turks.[2]

330 manuscripts are housed in the library (267 on parchment), including 82 manuscripts of the New Testament. Minuscules: 1160-1181, 1385-1389, 1899, 1901, 1966, 2001-2002, 2080-2081, 2297, 2464-2468, 2639, 2758, 2504, 2639, and lectionaries.[3]

As of 2012, 40 monks reside here.[citation needed] The monastery has, amongst its relics, the skull of Saint Thomas the Apostle.[4]

 
Interior

See alsoEdit

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ UNESCO, World Heritage Site #942, webpage:WHC-UNESCO-942.
  2. ^ "Monastery of St. John, Patmos". July 20, 2010. Retrieved 13 December 2010. 
  3. ^ Manuscripts by place at the INTF.
  4. ^ "The Skull of the Holy Apostle Thomas in Patmos". www.johnsanidopoulos.com. 

External linkEdit

  Media related to Monastery of Saint John the Theologian at Wikimedia Commons