Molla Çelebi Mosque

The Molla Çelebi Mosque (Turkish: Molla Çelebi Camii), sometimes known as the Fındıklı Mosque (Turkish: Fındıklı Camii) is a 16th century Ottoman mosque located in the Fındıklı neighbourhood of the Beyoğlu district of Istanbul, Turkey. It was commissioned by Kazasker Mehmet Vusuli Efendi, chief judge of Istanbul and designed by the imperial architect Mimar Sinan. The mosque is located on the Bosphorus waterfront, close to the Kabataş ferry port and Dolmabahçe Mosque.[1][2][3]

Molla Çelebi Mosque
(Molla Çelebi Camii)
Fındıklı Mosque
(Fındıklı Camii)
The Hazelnut
Findikli Molla Celebi Camii - January 2011 - 01.jpg
Full view of Molla Çelebi Mosque
Religion
AffiliationSunni Islam
DistrictBeyoğlu
RegionTurkey
Ecclesiastical or organizational statusIn use
LeadershipKazasker Mehmet Vusuli Efendi, Retired Chief Judge of Istanbul
StatusActive
Location
LocationFlag of Turkey.svg Istanbul, Turkey
StateIstanbul
Molla Çelebi Mosque is located in Istanbul Beyoglu
Molla Çelebi Mosque
Location within the Beyoğlu district of Istanbul
Geographic coordinates41°01′56″N 28°59′26″E / 41.0321°N 28.9906°E / 41.0321; 28.9906Coordinates: 41°01′56″N 28°59′26″E / 41.0321°N 28.9906°E / 41.0321; 28.9906
Architecture
Architect(s)Mimar Sinan
TypeMosque
StyleOttoman architecture
Groundbreakingc. 1570
Completed1584
Specifications
Dome dia. (outer)11.8 m (39 ft)
Minaret(s)1

GeographyEdit

The mosque is located in Istanbul in the Fındıklı district of Beyoglu county in the Meclisi Mebusan Street, on the lower shores of the European Bosphorus, at Findikk. The Molla-Celebi mosque, also known as “Findikli Camii” or “the Hazelnut”, as viewed from the waterside, near the Kabataş funicular and ferry stations, looks very elegant and impressive, particularly under the reflection of the evening sun over the Bosphorus Straits.[1]

HistoryEdit

The mosque was designed by renowned architect of Turkey, Sinan Sinan under the directive of Mehmed Vusuli Efendi, who was the lead tasker and then Chief Justice of Turkey who was also renowned as a “savant and poet”. According to the government sources, the mosque was built between 1561 and 1562.[1] However, there is doubt about the dating sequence. Another reliable reference puts its constriction period between 1570 and 1584.[3]

ArchitectureEdit

 
Interior

The mosque was initially built as a small complex, with a hexagonal plan designed by the architect Mimar Sinan. Principally, the mosque was built in two sections, the central prayer hall of size of 18.90 by 16.40 metres (62.0 by 53.8 feet), and the mihrab yeri (chancel) of size of 8.80 by 4.60 metres (28.9 by 15.1 feet). The pillars are built into the walls and between the pillars there are four small semicircular domes in the east-west direction and the central dome, which is the central prayer section. This section is also covered by semicircular dome of 11.8 metres (39 feet) diameter and covered with six arches built between the six embedded columns; the rectangular apse in which the mihrab is built projects out. In addition there are ten windows, placed above the lower part of the dome. The window gaps, placed in two vertical.[1][4]

The mosque structure is built entirely in the Classical Ottoman Architectural tradition. The minbar or the pulpit in the mosque, is a unique special feature from where the imam addresses prayer meetings, which is embellished with kalem işi, polychrome wall paintings. The mihrab (niche) is also embellished in the same style as the minbar. There is a slim minaret built at the arcaded entrance, which has four domes. The mosque facing the street, has the minaret to its right corner. The minaret has a sherefe (minaret balcony).[1] The extensions on the sides are covered by semi domes as it provides better continuity for both the cover system and the interior. the mihrab is for the first time is located in an apse that projects from the middle portion of the qibla wall. This interior layout design compensates for the lack of depth on the north-south axis.[4]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e "Molla Celebi Mosque". Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality Government of Tureky. Archived from the original on 17 May 2012. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
  2. ^ "Daily Wanderlust: Molla-Celebi Mosque in Istanbul". Lonely planet. Retrieved 6 October 2012.[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ a b "Molla Çelebi Mosque". ArchNet Digital Library. Archived from the original on 21 January 2013. Retrieved 6 October 2012.
  4. ^ a b Grabar, Oleg (1989). Muqarnas: An Annual on Islamic Art and Architecture, Volume 3, Historical Studies. BRILL. pp. 77–78. ISBN 9789004086470. Retrieved 6 October 2012.