Mohammad Yousuf Abu al-Farah Tartusi

Mohammad Yousuf Abul Farah Tartusi (Arabic: محمد یوسف ابوالفرح طرطوسی‎) was a popular Sufi Muslim saint. He is regarded as one of the common ancestors of the Sufi Tariqahs, which form an unbroken chain to the Islamic prophet Mohammad.[1][2]

Mohammad Yousuf Abu al-Farah Tartusi
Born(1016-08-21)August 21, 1016
DiedOctober 28, 1055(1055-10-28) (aged 39)
NationalitySyrian
Other namesAlauddin, Anwar-ul-Asfiya, Shajartul Kamileen, Khazeenatul Asfiya, Raahat-ul-Muslimeen.
PredecessorAbu Al Fazal Abdul Wahid Yemeni Tamimi
SuccessorAbul Hasan Hankari

BiographyEdit

Mohammad Yousuf Abul Farah Tartusi born on August 21, 1016 CE (15 Rabi ul Awwal 407 AH) in Tartus, Syria. His father's name was Shaikh Abdullah bin Younus Tartusi.[3] His given name was Mohammad Yousuf, while his patronymic was Abul Farah. He is sometimes given the title Alauddin.

He was known as a Qutb, which in Sufism is a perfect human being, otherwise known as al-insān al-kāmil, "The Universal Man" at the top of the saintly hierarchy.[4][unreliable source?] of his time known for performing miracles.[5] He was said to have had such intense level of tawakkul and sabr that worldly matters did not concern him.[6]

His spiritual successor was Shaikh Abul Hassan Ali bin Mohammad Qureshi Hakkari.[citation needed]

Abul Farah Tartusi died on October 28, 1055 CE (3 Sha'aban 447 AH), during the Abbasid Caliphate. His mausoleum is in Baghdad, Iraq.[citation needed]

Spiritual lineageEdit

  1. Muhammad
  2. Ali ibn Abu Talib
  3. Hasan al-Basri
  4. Habib al Ajami
  5. Dawud Tai
  6. Maruf Karkhi
  7. Sirri Saqti
  8. Junaid Baghdadi
  9. Abu Bakr Shibli
  10. Abdul Aziz bin Hars bin Asad Yemeni Tamimi
  11. Abul Fazal Abdul Wahid Yemeni Tamimi
  12. Mohammad Yousuf Abu al-Farah Tartusi[7][8]

TitlesEdit

  1. ANWAR SUFIA (Light of Sufis).
  2. SHAJR TUL KAMILEEN (Head of the Perfected Ones).
  3. KHAZEENA AL ASFIYA (Treasure of Purity).[citation needed]

Further readingEdit

  • Crimingham, J. Spencer. The Sufi Orders in Islam. Oxford University Press, New York, 1998.
  • Tazkira Mashaikh Qadria, Mohammad Deen Kaleem, Noori Kutb Khana Lahore, Pakistan.
  • Tareekh Mashaikh Qadria, Mohammad Sadiq Kasuri, Zawia Publications Lahore, Pakistan.
  • Tazkira Mashaikh Qadria Fazila, Asrar Al-Hasan Qadri, Tasawwuf Foundation Lahore, Pakistan, ISBN 969-506-026-9.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Historical dictionary of Sufism By John Renard
  2. ^ Sāiyid Athar Abbas Rizvi (1992). A History of Sufism in India: From sixteenth century to modern century Volume 2. Munshiram Manoharlal.
  3. ^ "Hazrat Abul Farah Tartoosi - Biography". Archived from the original on 2016-04-21.
  4. ^ Sult̤ān Mohammad Najib-ur-Rehman (2015-03-11). Sultan Bahoo: The Life and Teachings. Sultan-ul-Faqr Publications. ISBN 978-9-699-79518-3.
  5. ^ Karamustafa, Ahmet T.. Sufism: The Formative Period. Edinburgh, UK: Edinburgh University Press, 2007. Print.
  6. ^ Hamdy, Sherine (2009). "Islam, Fatalism, and Medical Intervention: Lessons from Egypt on the Cultivation of Forbearance (Sabr) and Reliance of God (Tawakkul)". Anthropological Quarterly. 82 (1): 173–196. doi:10.1353/anq.0.0053. Archived from the original on 2018-10-27. Retrieved 2020-07-02.
  7. ^ "Lineage of Sufi orders". Archived from the original on 2015-08-31. Retrieved 2015-08-18.
  8. ^ Bahu, Sultan (1998). Death Before Dying. University of California Press. ISBN 9780520212428. Archived from the original on 2017-01-14. Retrieved 2016-10-19.

External linksEdit