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Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase

Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (also known as MAP2K, MEK, MAPKK) is a kinase enzyme which phosphorylates mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK).

Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase
Identifiers
EC number2.7.12.2
Databases
IntEnzIntEnz view
BRENDABRENDA entry
ExPASyNiceZyme view
KEGGKEGG entry
MetaCycmetabolic pathway
PRIAMprofile
PDB structuresRCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum

MAP2K is classified as EC 2.7.12.2.

There are seven genes:

The activators of p38 (MKK3 and MKK6), JNK (MKK4 and MKK7), and ERK (MEK1 and MEK2) define independent MAP kinase signal transduction pathways.[1] The acronym MEK derives from MAPK/ERK Kinase.[2]

Role in melanomaEdit

MEK is a member of the MAPK signaling cascade that is activated in melanoma.[3] When MEK is inhibited, cell proliferation is blocked and apoptosis(controlled cell death) is induced.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Dérijard B, et al. (1995). "Independent human MAP-kinase signal transduction pathways defined by MEK and MKK isoforms". Science. 267 (5198): 682–5. doi:10.1126/science.7839144. PMID 7839144.
  2. ^ Dwivedi, Gaurav; Kemp, Melissa L. (February 15, 2012). "Systemic Redox Regulation of Cellular Information Processing". Antioxidants & Redox Signaling. 16: 374–80. doi:10.1089/ars.2011.4034. PMC 3279717. PMID 21939387.
  3. ^ Falchook, Gerald S.; Lewis, Karl D.; Infante, Jeffrey R.; Gordon, Michael S.; Vogelzang, Nicholas J.; DeMarini, Douglas J.; Fecher, Leslie A.; et al. (2012). "Activity of the oral MEK inhibitor trametinib in patients with advanced melanoma: a phase 1 dose-escalation trial". The Lancet Oncology. 13 (8): 782–789. doi:10.1016/S1470-2045(12)70269-3. PMC 4109286. PMID 22805292.

External linksEdit