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Mississippi State Senate

The Mississippi Senate is the upper house of the Mississippi Legislature, the state legislature of the U.S. state of Mississippi. The Senate is composed of 52 senators representing an equal number of constituent districts, with 54,704 people per district (2000 figures). Senators serve four-year terms with no term limits.

Mississippi Senate
Mississippi State Legislature
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Term limits
None
History
New session started
January 5, 2016
Leadership
President
Tate Reeves (R)
since January 3, 2012
President pro Tempore
Gray Tollison (R)
since January 11, 2019
Majority Leader
Unknown (R)
Minority Leader
Derrick Simmons (D)
since July 31, 2017
Structure
Seats52
Mississippi Senate.svg
Political groups
Length of term
4 years
AuthorityArticle IV, Mississippi Constitution
Salary$10,000/year + per diem
Elections
Last election
November 3, 2015
(52 seats)
Next election
November 5, 2019
(52 seats)
RedistrictingLegislative Control
Meeting place
Mississippi State Capitol building in Jackson.jpg
State Senate Chamber
Mississippi State Capitol
Jackson, Mississippi
Website
Mississippi State Legislature

Like other upper houses of state and territorial legislatures and the federal U.S. Senate, the Senate can confirm or reject gubernatorial appointments to the state cabinet, commissions and boards.

The Senate convenes in the State Capitol in Jackson.

Membership, terms and electionsEdit

According to the current Mississippi Constitution of 1890, the Senate is to be composed of no more than 52 members elected for four-year terms. Elections to the Senate are held on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November during the state general elections.

Powers and processEdit

The state legislature is constitutionally-mandated to meet for 125 days every four years and 90 days in other years. The Mississippi Senate has the authority to determine rules of its own proceedings, punish its members for disorderly behavior, and expel a member with a two-thirds vote of its membership.[1] Bills must undergo three readings in each house, unless two-thirds of the house dispenses with the rules.[1] Amendments to bills must be approved by both houses.[1]

The governor has the power to veto legislation, but legislators can override the veto with a two-thirds decision.[1]

LeadershipEdit

The Lieutenant Governor of Mississippi serves as the President of the Senate, but only casts a legislative vote if required to break a tie. In his or her absence, the President Pro Tempore presides over the Senate. The President Pro Tempore is elected by the majority party caucus followed by confirmation of the entire Senate through a Senate Resolution. Unlike other upper houses in state legislatures, the President Pro Tempore's power is limited. The Lieutenant Governor has the sole ability to appoint the chairmanships or vice chairmanships of various Senate committees, regardless of party size. The other Senate majority and minority leaders are elected by their respective party caucuses.

The President of the Senate is Mississippi Lieutenant Governor Tate Reeves. The President pro tempore is Republican Terry C. Burton.[2]

Composition (2019–2020)Edit

Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Democratic Republican Vacant
End of previous legislature (2019) 18 31 49 3
Begin 16 36 52 0
Latest voting share 30.8% 69.2%

Although the Democratic party retained their majority (27D to 25R) in the state Senate after the 2003 general election, a party switch by former Democratic Senator, James Shannon Walley of Leakesville threw control of the chamber to the Republicans. Walley was elected as a Democrat in 2003 to represent District 43, which includes George, Greene, Stone, and Wayne counties, then announced he was switching parties and won re-election as a Republican. Because the Lieutenant Governor at that time, Amy Tuck, was a Republican (and also a previous party switcher), this gave Republicans control of the Senate for the first time since Reconstruction and a de facto majority only on a tie vote.

Until January 2008, the Senate contained 25 Democrats and 27 Republicans. Democrats enjoyed a net gain of three seats in the November 6, 2007 statewide elections and won back control of the chamber by a 28–24 margin until Senator Nolan Mettetal announced his party switch in February, 2008. The Senate balance was 27–25, with the Democrats holding the slim majority until Cindy Hyde-Smith switched parties, giving the GOP a 26–26 de facto majority, with Lieutenant Governor Phil Bryant holding the tiebreaker vote. After the switch of Ezell Lee on February 17, 2011, the GOP expanded their majority to 27–24, with one vacancy. The majority was expanded in the general election later that year to 31-21, including the party switch of Sen. Gray Tollison.

Members of the Mississippi Senate (2016–2019)Edit

District Name Party Residence
1 Michael McLendon Rep Hernando
2 David Parker Rep Olive Branch
3 Nickey Browning Rep Pontotoc
4 Rita Potts Parks Rep Corinth
5 J. P. Wilemon Dem Belmont
6 Chad McMahan Rep Guntown
7 Hob Bryan Dem Amory
8 Russell Jolly Dem Houston
9 Gray Tollison Rep Oxford
10 Neil S. Whaley Rep Holly Springs
11 Robert L. Jackson Dem Marks
12 Derrick Simmons Dem Greenville
13 Willie Lee Simmons Dem Cleveland
14 Lydia Chassaniol Rep Winona
15 Gary Jackson Rep French Camp
16 Angela Turner Dem West Point
17 Charles Younger Rep Columbus
18 Jenifer Branning Rep Philadelphia
19 Kevin Blackwell Rep Southaven
20 Josh Harkins Rep Flowood
21 Barbara Blackmon Dem Canton
22 Eugene S. Clarke Rep Hollandale
23 Briggs Hopson Rep Vicksburg
24 David Lee Jordan Dem Greenwood
25 J. Walter Michel Rep Ridgeland
26 John A. Horhn Dem Jackson
27 Hillman Terome Frazier Dem Jackson
28 Sollie Norwood Dem Jackson
29 David Blount Dem Jackson
30 Dean Kirby Rep Pearl
31 Terry C. Burton Rep Newton
32 Sampson Jackson II Dem Preston
33 Vacant Rep Meridian
34 Juan Barnett Dem Heidelberg
35 Chris Caughman Rep Mendenhall
36 Albert Butler Dem Port Gibson
37 Vacant Dem Natchez
38 Tammy Witherspoon Dem Magnolia
39 Sally Doty Rep Brookhaven
40 Angela Burks Hill Rep Picayune
41 Joey Fillingane Rep Sumrall
42 Chris McDaniel Rep Ellisville
43 Dennis DeBar Rep Leakesville
44 John A. Polk Rep Hattiesburg
45 Billy Hudson Rep Hattiesburg
46 Philip Moran Rep Kiln
47 Joseph Seymour Rep Vancleave
48 Deborah Jeanne Dawkins Dem Pass Christian
49 Joel Carter Rep Gulfport
50 Vacant Rep Biloxi
51 Michael Watson Rep Pascagoula
52 Brice Wiggins Rep Pascagoula

Past composition of the SenateEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Constitutional Provisions The Legislature And Legislation Rules of Procedure, Mississippi Legislature (accessed May 31, 2013)
  2. ^ Aldridge, Donesha (January 5, 2016). "Burton elected as Mississippi Senate President Pro Tempore". WJTV. Jackson.

External linksEdit