Misión San Bruno

Mission San Bruno (Spanish: Misión San Bruno) was a short-lived Spanish mission established by Jesuit order on October 7, 1684 in what is now the Loreto Municipality of Baja California Sur, Mexico. The mission was the first Spanish mission established on the Baja California Peninsula.

Misión San Bruno
Misión San Bruno is located in Baja California Sur
Misión San Bruno
Misión San Bruno is located in Mexico
Misión San Bruno
Location in Mexico
LocationLoreto Municipality, Baja California Sur, Mexico
Coordinates26°13′57″N 111°23′53″W / 26.23250°N 111.39806°W / 26.23250; -111.39806Coordinates: 26°13′57″N 111°23′53″W / 26.23250°N 111.39806°W / 26.23250; -111.39806
PatronBruno of Cologne
Founding dateOctober 7, 1684 (1684-10-07)
Founding OrderJesuits
Native tribe(s)
Spanish name(s)
Cochimí

LocationEdit

The ruins of the mission are located along the northern banks of an intermittent river as it flows into the Gulf of California. The mission is unrelated to the present-day town of San Bruno, which is located 110 kilometres (68 mi) to the north of the mission.

Visita de San Juan Bautista Londó, a minor visiting chapel built in 1699, is located approximately 7.5 km (4.7 mi) to the east.

HistoryEdit

 
Location of Mission San Bruno among the Spanish missions in Baja California

In 1683, the Spanish admiral Isidro de Atondo y Antillón and the Jesuit missionary Eusebio Francisco Kino were forced to abandon an attempted settlement and mission at La Paz because of hostilities with the native Pericúes and Guaycura.

In 1684, they moved north to the central portion of the peninsula, and selected a site for a settlement at the Cochimí settlement of Teupnon, near the mouth of a substantial arroyo about 25 kilometres (16 mi) north of the present day city of Loreto. The date was October 7, 1684, the Feast of San Bruno.[1]

Mission work was begun with about 400 local Cochimi Indians and exploratory expeditions into the surrounding region were undertaken, including the first land crossing of the Baja California Peninsula by Europeans. However, shortages of water and imported food supplies and problems of illness forced the abandonment of San Bruno in May 1685, leaving Baja California again entirely in native hands until the first permanent Jesuit mission was established at Misión de Nuestra Señora de Loreto Conchó in 1697.[2]

The San Bruno experience is documented in the letters and reports of Atondo, Kino, and other participants.[3]

Present dayEdit

A few crumbling walls of the uncompleted mission and fortress are all that remain of the San Bruno Mission.[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Burckhalter, David, Sedgwick, Mina, and Fontana, Bernard L. (2013), Baja California Missions, Tucson: University of Arizona Press, p. 17; Bolton, 1936
  2. ^ Burckhalter et al, p. 17
  3. ^ (Bolton 1936; Burrus 1954, 1965; W. Michael Mathes 1969, 1974)
  4. ^ Edward W. Vernon (2002:1-7)

BibliographyEdit

  • Bolton, Herbert Eugene. 1936. Rim of Christendom. Macmillan, New York.
  • Burrus, Ernest J. 1954. Kino Reports to Headquarters: Correspondence of Eusebio F. Kino, S.J., from New Spain with Rome. Instituto Historicum S.J., Rome.
  • Burrus, Ernest J. 1965. Kino Writes to the Duchess. Jesuit Historical Institute, Rome.
  • Mathes, W. Michael. 1969. First from the Gulf to the Pacific: The Diary of the Kino-Atondo Peninsular Expedition, December 14, 1684 – January 13, 1685. Dawson's Book Shop, Los Angeles.
  • Mathes, W. Michael. 1974. Californiana III: documentos para la historia de la transformación colonizadora de California, 1679–1686. José Porrúa Turanzas, Madrid.
  • Vernon, Edward W. 2002. Las Misiones Antiguas: The Spanish Missions of Baja California, 1683–1855. Viejo Press, Santa Barbara, California.

See alsoEdit