Misbach Yusa Biran (11 September 1933 – 11 April 2012) was an Indonesian writer, director and columnist who pioneered the Indonesian film archives.[1]

Misbach Yusa Biran
Biran in 2009
Born(1933-09-11)11 September 1933
Died11 April 2012(2012-04-11) (aged 78)
South Tangerang, Indonesia
  • writer
  • director
  • columnist
(m. 1969)
RelativesIda Farida (sister)

Personal life edit

Biran was born in Rangkasbitung, in the Lebak Regency, to a Minangkabau father and a Bantenese mother.[2] In 1969, he married actress Nani Widjaja. They had six children, two of whom (Cahya Kamila and Sukma Ayu) also went into the film industry.

Career edit

Early life edit

Biran graduated from Taman Madya Bagian B, in Jakarta. He first began directing plays in the early 1950s, whilst at school, whilst he additionally wrote film reviews and produced literature works. However, after his graduation, he chose a career in film.

Film edit

From 1954 to 1956, Biran worked for the Indonesian National Film Company (PERFINI) under Usmar Ismail. He began as a script recorder, and later became Assistant Director and member of the Writers' Board.[3] He rose to the position of Director of National Film Centre H. Usmar Ismail Jakarta, member of the National Film Council, and Chairman of the Film and Television Employees from 1987 to 1991.[4]

In 1955, Biran wrote his first screenplay from a short story by Sjumandjaja, titled Kerontjong Kemajoran, which was later turned into a film titled Saodah by Persari Film.

From 1957 to 1960, he directed short films and documentaries. In 1967, Biran won the Citra Award for Best Director for his film Dibalik Tjahaja Gemerlapan. He also received an award for Best Script for his film Menjusuri Djedjak Berdarah, and for Ayahku (1987), directed by Agus Elias.[3]

Biran ceased directing films in 1971, as a way to show his distaste for the film industry which was, at the time, flourishing with pornographic films.

What is considered his most important contribution to the national film industry was in establishing Sinematek Indonesia in 1975. It was an institution that independently archived the national films. Biran led Sinematek Indonesia until 2001, and became synonymous with the institution.

Writing edit

Peran Pemuda dalam Kebangkitan Film Indonesia (2009)

Biran was an active journalist: he was the Chief Editor of Minggu Abadi (1958–1959), Purnama (1962–1963), and later as an Editor of Duta Masjarakat (1965–1966), Abad Muslimin (1966), and Gelanggang (1967).[5] His literary works included Bung Besar (drama, 1958), which was awarded second prize in a screenwriting competition by the Ministry of Education and Culture in 1958; Setengah Djam Mendjelang Maut (Drama, 1968); Menjusuri Djedjak Berdarah (novel, 1969); Keajaiban di Pasar Senen (anthology of short stories, 1971); and Oh, Film (anthology of short stories, 1973). The latter two story collections were bound and reprinted under the title Keajaiban di Pasar Senen in 1996.[5]

Biran launched a book on Teknik Menulis Skenario Film Cerita on 30 January 2007.[6]

Death edit

Biran died on 11 April 2012 at the Eka Hospital, Serpong, Tangerang, Banten after a prolonged struggle with lung cancer. He was 78.[7]

Awards edit

Biran received an award from Forum Film Bandung for his dedication and contribution in the film industry.

He continued to write screenplays, and believed that film is a means to teach and raise the quality of human lives, particularly the lives of Indonesians.

In 2010, he received fellowships from the Southeast Asia-Pacific Audiovisual Archive Association (SEAPAVAA) in Bangkok, Thailand.[8]

Films edit

Directing edit

  • Pesta Musik La Bana (1960)
  • Holiday in Bali (1962)
  • Bintang Ketjil (1963)
  • Panggilan Nabi Ibrahim (1964)
  • Apa Jang Kautangisi (1965)
  • Dibalik Tjahaja Gemerlapan (1966)
  • Menjusuri Djedjak Berdarah (1967)
  • Operasi X (1968)
  • Honey Money and Djakarta Fair (1970)

Screenplay writing edit

  • Menyusuri Jejak Berdarah (1967)
  • Ayahku (1987)

Books edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Movie director Misbach Yusa Biran passes away". The Jakarta Post. Archived from the original on 9 July 2012. Retrieved 11 April 2012.
  2. ^ Biran, Misbach (2008). Kenang-Kenangan Orang Bandel (in Indonesian). Depok: Komunitas Bambu. ISBN 978-979-3731-43-8. Hal 1.
  3. ^ a b "Sinematek Indonesia - Pusat Data dan Informasi Dokumentasi Perfilman Indonesia". Archived from the original on 27 October 2013. Retrieved 11 May 2016.
  4. ^ Rampan, Korrie (2000). Leksikon Susastra Indonesia (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Balai Pustaka. ISBN 979-666-358-9. Hal 291.
  5. ^ a b Damono, Sapardi Djoko (2006). Antologi Drama Indonesia. Jakarta: Amanah Lontar. ISBN 979-99858-4-6. Hal 529.
  6. ^ "Rumahdunia.net". Archived from the original on 25 June 2007.
  7. ^ Darmadi Sasongko (11 April 2012). "Sutradara Misbach Yusa Biran Meninggal Dunia" [Director Misbach Yusa Biran Dies]. KapanLagi.com. Retrieved 29 November 2017.
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 13 May 2016. Retrieved 11 May 2016.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External links edit

Awards and achievements
Preceded by Best Director
(Festival Film Indonesia)

Film : Dibalik Tjahaja Gemerlapan
Succeeded by
Wim Umboh
Film : Perkawinan