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Misael Eduardo Pastrana Borrero (14 November 1923 – 21 August 1997) was a Colombian politician and lawyer who served as the 23rd President of Colombia from 1970 to 1974. He was also the father of the 30th President Andrés Pastrana Arango.

Misael Pastrana Borrero
Misael Pastrana.JPG
23rd President of Colombia
In office
7 August 1970 (1970-08-07) – 7 August 1974 (1974-08-07)
Preceded byCarlos Lleras Restrepo
Succeeded byAlfonso López Michelsen
16th Colombia Ambassador to the United States
In office
17 January 1969 (1969-01-17) – 3 February 1970 (1970-02-03)
PresidentCarlos Lleras Restrepo
Preceded byHernan Echavarría Olózaga
Succeeded byDouglas Botero Boshel
Minister of Government of Colombia
In office
7 August 1966 (1966-08-07) – 6 November 1968 (1968-11-06)
PresidentCarlos Lleras Restrepo
Preceded byPedro Gómez Valderrama
Succeeded byCarlos Augusto Noriega
38th Minister of Finance and Public Credit of Colombia
In office
1 September 1961 (1961-09-01) – 16 November 1961 (16 November 1961)
PresidentAlberto Lleras Camargo
Preceded byHernando Agudelo Villa
Succeeded byJorge Mejía Palacio
53rd Minister of Public Works of Colombia
In office
9 November 1960 (1960-11-09) – 1 September 1961 (1961-09-01)
PresidentAlberto Lleras Camargo
Preceded byVirgilio Barco Vargas
Succeeded byCarlos Obando Velasco
12th Minister of Foment of Colombia
In office
5 May 1960 (1960-05-05) – 9 November 1960 (1960-11-09)
PresidentAlberto Lleras Camargo
Preceded byRodrigo Llorente Martínez
Succeeded byRafael Unda Ferrero
Personal details
Born
Misael Eduardo Pastrana Borrero

(1923-11-14)14 November 1923
Neiva, Huila, Colombia
Died21 August 1997(1997-08-21) (aged 73)
Bogotá, D.C., Colombia [1]
NationalityColombian
Political partyConservative
Spouse(s)María Cristina Arango Vega (1951–1997)
Children
Alma materPontifical Xavierian University (JD, 1945)
ProfessionLawyer

Contents

Biographic dataEdit

Pastrana was born in Neiva, Huila.[2] He died in Bogotá, on August 21, 1997.

Personal lifeEdit

Pastrana was a Colombian conservative politician, President of Colombia in the period 1970-1974. Born in the home of Misael Pastrana Pastrana and Elisa Borrero Perdomo, studied Law in Javeriana University of Bogotá and in the Ferri Institute of Rome. He had been affiliated to the Conservative Party (which he would later rename as the Social Conservative Party). He was the private secretary of the President Mariano Ospina Pérez (1949-1952)and three times a minister during the second liberal presidency of Alberto Lleras Camargo (1958-1962).

During the Presidency of Carlos Lleras Restrepo, he was Minister of Government 1966-1968, led in Congress a constitutional reform and was Colombian ambassador in Washington from 1968-1969, when he returned to campaign for the Presidency. President of the Sasakawa United Nations Environment Prize in recognition of his enacting of the world's first Environmental Code for Natural Resources, after his death the UN instituted the yearly Pastrana Borrero Conference in New York during the prize's award ceremony. Vice-president of Worldwide Prize for Peace of UNESCO. Founder of World Center of Computer Science with Jean-Jacques Serban-Schreiber in the seventies, before the personal computer existed. The Center brought in young minds such as Nicholas Negroponte. Founder member of Interaction, group of former heads of state and government to deal with contemporary issues and conflicts and to present recommendations to governments.

María Cristina Arango VegaEdit


María Cristina Arango Vega
 
First Lady of Colombia
In role
7 August 1970 (1970-08-07) – 7 August 1974 (1974-08-07)
Preceded byCecilia de la Fuente Cortés
Succeeded byCecilia Caballero Blanco
Personal details
Born(1928-10-15)October 15, 1928
Bogotá, D.C., Colombia
DiedSeptember 15, 2017(2017-09-15) (aged 88)
Bogotá, D.C., Colombia
NationalityColombian
Political partyLiberal
Spouse(s)
Misael Pastrana Borrero
(m. 1951; died 1997)
Children

María Cristina Arango Vega (15 October 1928[3] – 15 September 2017) was the wife of Misael Pastrana Borrero and served as First Lady of Colombia from 1970 to 1974.[4] María Cristina was born in Bogotá to Carlos Arango Vélez, a Liberal party politician, and his wife María Vega Jaramillo.[4]

In 1946, while her father was serving as Ambassador of Colombia to the Holy See, she met Misael Pastrana Borrero, who was working as a diplomat in the embassy.[5] They got engaged that year and married on 24 February 1951 at the Saint Bartholomew School's Madonna Della Strada Chapel in Bogotá.[6] Together they had four children, Juan Carlos, Andrés, Jaime, and María Cristina. She died in Bogota on 15 September 2017 at the age of 88.[7]


PresidencyEdit

During his four years in office, Pastrana was cautiously progressive. He sought to increase employment opportunities with a famous four-point strategy. He attempted to boost national savings as a way of moving away from dependency on foreign investment and credit, and he extended pensions rights for many people.[8]

At the same time, he was a champion of "a car for every Colombian family", and was instrumental in bringing the French car-makers Renault to Colombia. He also promoted the first national environmental legislation in Latin America.[8]

The end of his four year-term in office came in 1974, which also saw the end of the National Front governments. Pastrana then took on the mantle of the "natural leader" of the Conservative party. He proved unable to hold the different factions of the party together, however, and in consequence there has only been two Conservative presidents since his own term in office.[8]

He died in Bogotá at the age of 73.[8] Married to María Cristina Arango Vega, with whom he had three sons and one daughter. His second son, Andrés Pastrana Arango, who was kidnapped by the Medellin Cartel while running for mayor of Bogotá, eventually served as president of Colombia from 1998 to 2002.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.nytimes.com/1997/08/23/world/misael-pastrana-borrero-74-president-of-colombia-in-the-70-s.html
  2. ^ Arismendi Posada, Ignacio; Gobernantes Colombianos; trans. Colombian Presidents; Interprint Editors Ltd., Italgraf, Segunda Edición; Page 241; Bogotá, Colombia; 1983
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ a b Ríos Peñaloza, Gilma (1 August 1996). "Primeras Damas del Siglo XX" [First Ladies of the 20th Century]. Credencial Historia (in Spanish). Bogotá: Colombia, Bank of the Republic (80). ISSN 0121-3296. OCLC 39236834. Retrieved 6 November 2012.
  5. ^ "Pastrana Borrero, Misael". Current Biography Yearbook. The Bronx: H. W. Wilson Company. 32: 316. 1972. ISSN 0084-9499. OCLC 1565606. Retrieved 3 November 2012.
  6. ^ Ágredo Tobar, Reinaldo (2007-12-27). Notas Biográficas y Genealógicas (in Spanish). Bogotá. p. 14. Retrieved 4 November 2012.
  7. ^ http://m.eltiempo.com/cultura/gente/fallecio-maria-cristina-arango-madre-del-expresidente-andres-pastrana-131348
  8. ^ a b c d Nick Caistor (August 26, 1997). "Obituary: Misael Pastrana". The Independent.
Political offices
Preceded by
Carlos Lleras Restrepo
President of Colombia
1970–1974
Succeeded by
Alfonso López Michelsen