Mirza Jawan Bakht (born 1841)

Mirza Jawan Bakht (1841 – 18 September 1884) was the son of Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar and Zeenat Mahal. He was the fifteenth son of his father, but the only son of his mother. She nursed the ambition of placing him on the Mughal throne.

Mirza Jawan Bakht
Prince of the Mughal Kingdom
Sons of Bahadur Shah Zafar.jpg
Mirza Jawan Bakht (left) and his brother Mirza Shah Abbas, c. 1850–60
Red Fort, Delhi
Died18 September 1884 (aged 42–43)
Rangoon, Myanmar, British Burma
SpouseNawab Shah Zamani
IssueJamshed Bakht
Shahzada Mirza Mohammad Jawan Bakht Bahadur
FatherBahadur Shah Zafar
MotherZeenat Mahal


His mother, Zeenat Mahal, saved him all through 1857 rebellion and kept him in safe custody. She began promoting her son as heir to the throne over the Emperor's remaining eldest son Mirza Fath-ul-Mulk Bahadur. But due to the primogeniture policy of the British, this was not accepted.

On 2 April 1852, at the age of eleven, he was married in a grand ceremony in Delhi to Nawab Shah Zamani Begum, his mother's niece. His mother planned his lavish 10-day wedding to elevate his stature for the throne.[1] His wife, Shah Zamani Begum died in July 1899.[2]

After the death of his imperial father in Rangoon, he was buried there. Jawan Bakht and his teacher Hafiz Mohammed Ibrahim Dehlavi arranged the funeral prayers and burial.


Mirza Jawan Bahkt's first child born was a stillborn son in 1859. His second child was named Jamshed Bakht. Jamshed had two sons, Bedar Bakht, died in 1980 and Sikandar Bakht, died in 1986.[citation needed]


  1. ^ Dalrymple, William (22 April 2007). "'The Last Mughal'". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 5 February 2019.
  2. ^ Smith, R.V. (13 May 2016). "'Emperor's daughter-in-law". The Hindu. Retrieved 11 June 2021.
Mirza Jawan Bakht (born 1841)
Regnal titles
Preceded byas King of Delhi
Succeeded by