Minuscule 12

Minuscule 12 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), A137 (Von Soden),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, on parchment, dated palaeographically to the 14th-century.

Minuscule 12
New Testament manuscript
Now atNational Library of France
Size26 cm by 20 cm
TypeByzantine text-type


The codex contains a complete text of the four Gospels, on 294 parchment leaves (26 cm by 20 cm), with a commentaries.[2][3] The text is written in one column per page, biblical text in 21 lines and text of commentary in 57 lines per page. The ink is brown.[4]

A commentary to Matthew and John is of Chrysostom's authorship, to Mark of Victors, and to Luke of Bostra.[4]

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters) whose numbers are given at the margin, and their τιτλοι (titles) at the top of the pages. There is also another division according to the smaller Ammonian Sections, with references to the Eusebian Canons.[4]

It contains the Epistula ad Carpianum, Eusebian Canon tables, prolegomena, tables of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) before each Gospel, liturgical books with hagiographies (Menologion and Synaxarium), and subscriptions at the end of each Gospel.[4]


The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type, with a few alien readings.[5] Aland placed it in Category V.[6]

It was not examined by using the Claremont Profile Method.[7]

The text of the Pericope Adulterae (John 7:53-8:11) is omitted.[8] The text of Mark 16:9-20 has a note of Victor's.[4]


It is dated by the INTF to the 14th-century.[2][3]

It was added to the list of the New Testament manuscripts by Johann Jakob Wettstein, who gave it the number 12.[4]

It was examined and described by Wettstein, Griesbach,[9] and Paulin Martin.[10] C. R. Gregory saw the manuscript in 1885.[4]

The codex now is located at the National Library of France (Gr. 230) at Paris.[2][3]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs'sche Buchhandlung. p. 48.
  2. ^ a b c Aland, K.; M. Welte; B. Köster; K. Junack (1994). Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments (2 ed.). Berlin, New York: Walter de Gruyter. p. 47. ISBN 3-11-011986-2.
  3. ^ a b c "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Archived from the original on 2018-02-20. Retrieved 2014-01-31.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testamentes. 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs’sche Buchhandlung. p. 131.
  5. ^ K. v. Tischendorf (1859). Novum Testamentum Graece. Editio Septima. Lipsiae. p. CXCV.
  6. ^ Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 138. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1.
  7. ^ Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 53. ISBN 0-8028-1918-4.
  8. ^ Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 192.
  9. ^ J.J. Griesbach, Symbolae critique, p. CXLIV
  10. ^ Jean-Pierre-Paul Martin (1883). Description technique des manuscrits grecs, relatif au Nouveau Testament, conservé dans les bibliothèques des Paris. Paris. pp. 24–25.