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Minister of Transport (Canada)

The Minister of Transport (French: Ministre des Transports) is the Minister of the Crown in the Canadian Cabinet who is responsible for overseeing the federal government's transportation regulatory and development department, Transport Canada, as well as Canada Post,[2] the Saint Lawrence Seaway and the Port Authority system.

Minister of Transport of Canada
Government of Canada signature.svg
Marc Garneau 2016.jpg
Incumbent
Marc Garneau

since 4 November 2015
Department of Transport
Style The Honourable
Member of
Appointer Governor General of Canada
Term length At Her Majesty's pleasure
Inaugural holder C.D. Howe
Formation 2 November 1936
Salary $255,300 (2017)[1]
Website www.tc.gc.ca

HistoryEdit

The post was created by Prime Minister Mackenzie King in 1936, replacing the Minister of Railways and Canals.

From 2006 to 2013, the position was styled the Minister of Transport, Infrastructure and Communities, a name change corresponding with responsibility for Infrastructure Canada being transferred to the portfolio at that time. "Minister of Transport" remained the title for legal purposes.

With the Cabinet shuffle of July 15, 2013, Infrastructure and Communities portfolio was separated from Transport and assigned to the Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs.[3] In 2015 it became an independent portfolio titled Minister of Infrastructure and Communities.

Transport Canada used to manage most of Canada's major airports, but in the 1990s, most airports were off-loaded to non-profit private airport authorities. The department is now responsible for transportation safety, appointments to Boards of Governors, and regulation management.

As of November 2015, the Minister of Transport is Marc Garneau.[4]

Ministers of TransportEdit

Key:

No. Portrait Name Term of office Political party Ministry
1   C. D. Howe November 2, 1936 July 8, 1940 Liberal 16 (King)
2   Arthur Cardin July 8, 1940 May 13, 1942 Liberal
  C. D. Howe (acting) May 13, 1942 October 6, 1942 Liberal
3   Joseph-Enoil Michaud October 6, 1942 April 18, 1945 Liberal
4   Lionel Chevrier April 18, 1945 July 1, 1954 Liberal 17 (St. Laurent)
5   George Carlyle Marler July 1, 1954 June 21, 1957 Liberal
6   George Hees June 21, 1957 October 11, 1960 Progressive Conservative 18 (Diefenbaker)
7   Léon Balcer October 11, 1960 April 22, 1963 Progressive Conservative
8   George McIlraith April 22, 1963 February 3, 1964 Liberal 19 (Pearson)
9   Jack Pickersgill February 3, 1964 September 19, 1967 Liberal
10   Paul Hellyer September 19, 1967 April 20, 1968 Liberal
April 20, 1968 April 30, 1969 20 (P. E. Trudeau)
  James Armstrong Richardson (acting) April 30, 1969 May 5, 1969 Liberal
11   Don Jamieson May 5, 1969 November 27, 1972 Liberal
12   Jean Marchand November 27, 1972 September 26, 1975 Liberal
13   Otto Lang September 26, 1975 June 4, 1979 Liberal
14   Don Mazankowski June 4, 1979 March 3, 1980 Progressive Conservative 21 (Clark)
15   Jean-Luc Pépin March 3, 1980 August 12, 1983 Liberal 22 (P. E. Trudeau)
16   Lloyd Axworthy August 12, 1983 June 29, 1984 Liberal
June 30, 1984 September 16, 1984 23 (Turner)
(14)   Don Mazankowski (2nd time) September 17, 1984 June 29, 1986 Progressive Conservative 24 (Mulroney)
17   John Crosbie June 30, 1986 March 30, 1988 Progressive Conservative
18   Benoît Bouchard March 31, 1988 February 22, 1990 Progressive Conservative
19   Doug Lewis February 23, 1990 April 20, 1991 Progressive Conservative
20   Jean Corbeil April 21, 1991 June 24, 1993 Progressive Conservative
June 25, 1993 November 3, 1993 25 (Campbell)
21   Doug Young November 4, 1993 January 24, 1996 Liberal 26 (Chrétien)
22   David Anderson January 25, 1996 June 10, 1997 Liberal
23   David Collenette June 11, 1997 December 11, 2003 Liberal
24   Tony Valeri December 12, 2003 July 19, 2004 Liberal 27 (Martin)
25   Jean Lapierre July 20, 2004 February 5, 2006 Liberal
26   Lawrence Cannon February 6, 2006 October 29, 2008 Conservative 28 (Harper)
27   John Baird October 30, 2008 August 6, 2010 Conservative
28   Chuck Strahl August 6, 2010 May 18, 2011 Conservative
29   Denis Lebel May 18, 2011 July 15, 2013 Conservative
30   Lisa Raitt July 15, 2013 November 4, 2015 Conservative
31   Marc Garneau November 4, 2015 Incumbent Liberal 29 (J. Trudeau)

ReferencesEdit