Minister of Transport (Canada)
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The Minister of Transport (French: Ministre des Transports) is the Minister of the Crown in the Canadian Cabinet who is responsible for overseeing the federal government's transportation regulatory and development department, Transport Canada, as well as Canada Post, the Saint Lawrence Seaway and the Port Authority system.
|Minister of Transport of Canada|
|Department of Transport|
|Appointer||Governor General of Canada|
|Term length||At Her Majesty's pleasure|
|Inaugural holder||C.D. Howe|
|Formation||2 November 1936|
From 2006 to 2013, the position was styled the Minister of Transport, Infrastructure and Communities, a name change corresponding with responsibility for Infrastructure Canada being transferred to the portfolio at that time. "Minister of Transport" remained the title for legal purposes.
With the Cabinet shuffle of July 15, 2013, Infrastructure and Communities portfolio was separated from Transport and assigned to the Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs. In 2015 it became an independent portfolio titled Minister of Infrastructure and Communities.
Transport Canada used to manage most of Canada's major airports, but in the 1990s, most airports were off-loaded to non-profit private airport authorities. The department is now responsible for transportation safety, appointments to Boards of Governors, and regulation management.
Ministers of TransportEdit
|No.||Portrait||Name||Term of office||Political party||Ministry|
|1||C. D. Howe||November 2, 1936||July 8, 1940||Liberal||16 (King)|
|2||Arthur Cardin||July 8, 1940||May 13, 1942||Liberal|
|–||C. D. Howe (acting)||May 13, 1942||October 6, 1942||Liberal|
|3||Joseph-Enoil Michaud||October 6, 1942||April 18, 1945||Liberal|
|4||Lionel Chevrier||April 18, 1945||July 1, 1954||Liberal||17 (St. Laurent)|
|5||George Carlyle Marler||July 1, 1954||June 21, 1957||Liberal|
|6||George Hees||June 21, 1957||October 11, 1960||Progressive Conservative||18 (Diefenbaker)|
|7||Léon Balcer||October 11, 1960||April 22, 1963||Progressive Conservative|
|8||George McIlraith||April 22, 1963||February 3, 1964||Liberal||19 (Pearson)|
|9||Jack Pickersgill||February 3, 1964||September 19, 1967||Liberal|
|10||Paul Hellyer||September 19, 1967||April 20, 1968||Liberal|
|April 20, 1968||April 30, 1969||20 (P. E. Trudeau)|
|–||James Armstrong Richardson (acting)||April 30, 1969||May 5, 1969||Liberal|
|11||Don Jamieson||May 5, 1969||November 27, 1972||Liberal|
|12||Jean Marchand||November 27, 1972||September 26, 1975||Liberal|
|13||Otto Lang||September 26, 1975||June 4, 1979||Liberal|
|14||Don Mazankowski||June 4, 1979||March 3, 1980||Progressive Conservative||21 (Clark)|
|15||Jean-Luc Pépin||March 3, 1980||August 12, 1983||Liberal||22 (P. E. Trudeau)|
|16||Lloyd Axworthy||August 12, 1983||June 29, 1984||Liberal|
|June 30, 1984||September 16, 1984||23 (Turner)|
|(14)||Don Mazankowski (2nd time)||September 17, 1984||June 29, 1986||Progressive Conservative||24 (Mulroney)|
|17||John Crosbie||June 30, 1986||March 30, 1988||Progressive Conservative|
|18||Benoît Bouchard||March 31, 1988||February 22, 1990||Progressive Conservative|
|19||Doug Lewis||February 23, 1990||April 20, 1991||Progressive Conservative|
|20||Jean Corbeil||April 21, 1991||June 24, 1993||Progressive Conservative|
|June 25, 1993||November 3, 1993||25 (Campbell)|
|21||Doug Young||November 4, 1993||January 24, 1996||Liberal||26 (Chrétien)|
|22||David Anderson||January 25, 1996||June 10, 1997||Liberal|
|23||David Collenette||June 11, 1997||December 11, 2003||Liberal|
|24||Tony Valeri||December 12, 2003||July 19, 2004||Liberal||27 (Martin)|
|25||Jean Lapierre||July 20, 2004||February 5, 2006||Liberal|
|26||Lawrence Cannon||February 6, 2006||October 29, 2008||Conservative||28 (Harper)|
|27||John Baird||October 30, 2008||August 6, 2010||Conservative|
|28||Chuck Strahl||August 6, 2010||May 18, 2011||Conservative|
|29||Denis Lebel||May 18, 2011||July 15, 2013||Conservative|
|30||Lisa Raitt||July 15, 2013||November 4, 2015||Conservative|
|31||Marc Garneau||November 4, 2015||Incumbent||Liberal||29 (J. Trudeau)|
- "Indemnities, Salaries and Allowances". Parliament of Canada.
- Transport Canada: "Minister Raitt supports action by Canada Post to return to financial sustainability" 11 Dec 2013 Archived 2013-12-23 at the Wayback Machine.
- Technically it was assigned to the President of the Privy Council, which also had responsibility for intergovernmental affairs. http://www.pco-bcp.gc.ca/oic-ddc.asp?lang=eng&txtToDate=2013-07-15&txtPrecis=&Page=&txtOICID=&txtAct=&txtBillNo=&txtFromDate=2013-07-15&txtDepartment=&txtChapterNo=&txtChapterYear=&rdoComingIntoForce=&DoSearch=Search+/+List&pg=2&viewattach=28125&blnDisplayFlg=1
- "Marc Garneau vows to fix Transport Canada's financial situation". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 2016-04-21.