Mimmo (Domenico) Cozzolino is an Australian graphic designer and photo media artist best known for his gently satirical design and research on Australian historic trademarks.
Ercolano, Naples, Italy
Domenico Cozzolino was born 1949 in Ercolano, Naples, Italy. With his father Michele, a printer, and mother Chiara, his family lived on the top floor of a 19th-century palazzo. Cozzolino had three younger brothers; the second died at two years old during the 1950s polio epidemic. Having almost completed second year high school (scuola media), in 1961 he migrated, aged 12, with his family on the Flaminia to Australia where his father hoped to find better work opportunities for the three surviving sons.
Melbourne and educationEdit
The Cozzolino family disembarked in Melbourne and were transferred to the Bonegilla Migrant Reception and Training Centre and after his father found work in Melbourne as a letterpress machinist, quickly moved to rented rooms in Kensington and Fairfield then a house in Alphington. In 1965 they commenced purchase of a Housing Commission house in West Heidelberg where Cozzolino attended the Technical School from which he graduated as dux of the school. There he was taught by Winston Thomas who inspired his interest in film animation.
He studied for a civil engineering diploma at Preston College and there met art student Con Aslanis who was later to become his work partner. Having passed the first year of civil engineering and being awarded a scholarship he instead enrolled in 1968 in the design diploma at Prahran College, taking photography as an elective. In his final year in 1970 Cozzolino was awarded $1000 as the winner of the international Sugarmark competition, after coming second in a competition for a milk carton design earlier in the year. In 1972 he returned to complete a semester in the Photography diploma with Athol Shmith and Paul Cox
Cozzolino moved to Sydney in 1971 and started work as studio design assistant to Ricci Eaton at Monad Marketing. He returned to Melbourne for a position as assistant to Eric Maguire, NAS Advertising, before starting his own business in partnership with Con Aslanis. From late 1972 they traded as All Australian Graphics, for which Aslanis created their mascot and brand, the fictitious Greek man/Australian kangaroo hybrid 'Kevin Pappas'. Eschewing the austere international Swiss style, they determined to create design that was distinctly Australian in flavour.
The pair taught design at Phillip Institute of Technology, Bundoora, under Max Ripper and saved to spend 1974 backpacking, mostly together, in Southeast Asia and Europe. On return to Australia in 1975, the Prahran College friends Izi Marmur and Geoff Cook joined the partners' freelance studio renaming it All Australian Graffiti (AAG), joined a few months later at 20/562 St Kilda Road, Melbourne by Neil Curtis and Tony Ward (a former lecturer of theirs at Prahran). In 1976 a further addition to the advertising design and illustration cooperative was Meg Williams, who had been taught by Cozzolino and Aslanis at Phillip institute. Their number made the group the largest illustration design studio in Australia at the time, inviting comparison with the US Push Pin Studios.
For the promotion of their distinctively Greek-Australian profile, the group designed giveaways in the form of postcards, gingerbread biscuits in the shape of 'Kevin Pappas', a poster on an Anzac theme, and one to celebrate the Centenary of The Ashes being played at the Melbourne Cricket Ground in March 1977. That year the group moved to an ex-milk bar at 144 St Kilda Road, St Kilda and their postcards became the material for a book The Kevin Pappas Tear Out Postcard Book which became a bestseller for that year with over 24,000 sales. Cozzolino was photographed in a half-suit of kangaroo legs by Rennie Ellis and after a promotional tour of major cities, the costume made a reappearance on top-rating television. The publicity effected a dramatic increase in business to a point where the pressure caused the group to break up, after which each resumed individual freelancing.
Symbols of AustraliaEdit
With savings and the financial and moral support of his wife Sue, Cozzolino devoted himself to a book project he had conceived as a student; to assemble a visual encyclopaedic survey of Australian historic trademarks. He trawled state and national library collections and trademark registers to index the symbols of a majority of Australian brands, and with the help of volunteer assistants and a partner in advertising copywriter Fysh Rutherford they produced a design which they planned to self-publish. Only after the team had received viable numbers of pre-orders for hardbacks from mail-outs did Penguin, who had at first rejected the project, make an offer to publish a paperback edition and released Symbols of Australia in 1980, publicising it aggressively. The book included extended introductions by Australian broadcaster and film producer Phillip Adams and historian Geoffrey Blainey.
After both hardback (1,000 copies) and paperback (14-15,000) were sold out within the first four years, the book was re-released in a revised colour edition in 1987.
Symbols of Australia, which assembles 1700 trade marks from over a century, was hailed as "a decade-long project of graphic archaeology - an illuminating archive that grapples with issues of national cultural heritage and identity" and drew response not only from a graphic design industry still seeking an Australian 'style', but also elicited popular memory of symbols that had registered on the national subconscious as acknowledged by Helen Garner in an editorial piece in The National Times;
"Whoever reads this book will revel in it. Surely Australia must be the only country in the world where as late as 1954 a deodorant would be registered under the name of 'Go-poof.' In 1947 a mouse trap company called its product 'Choke-a-mouse.' I'm envious of Mimmo Cozzolino for the laughs he must have had during this great search of his."
Reviewer Peter Bowler in The Canberra Times greeted the second edition in 1990 as "the ultimate in nostalgia" and Bryan Jeffrey, in the same newspaper, responded as keenly to the anniversary edition;
"Symbols of Australia…offers a collection culled from the past century and beyond which observes our nationalism in everything from visual pun to blatant racism."
The publication won the Best Designed Book award presented by the Australian Book Publishers Association in 1981. The exclusively and distinctively Australian content attracted attention especially around the time of the nation's bicentenary and was reported as having been a "major influence in the revitalising of contemporary Australian visual design". Speaking at a design conference in 1999, Cozzolino recalled:
"When All Australian Graffiti disbanded I decided that I still hadn't quite fitted into Australian society. So my journey continued with Symbols of Australia ... most people seeing it as a nostalgic trip down memory lane. I have never seen it like that, and my unconscious motivation was always quite selfish: to find out about the land of Oz so that I could be more Aussie than the Aussies."
After publishing a book that continued to generate interest well after 1980, Cozzolino joined David Hughes, with whom he lectured part time at RMIT to register Cozzolino Hughes Design (CHD) at a studio in South Melbourne, and received corporate design work from Shell. CIS Educational and, with Cozzolino's design of their book series Avanti and Sempre Avanti successfully reconfigured teaching of Italian language in Australia through his incorporation of cartoon characters. From 1986 to 2001 he partnered with Phil Ellett to form Cozzolino Ellett Design D'Vision (CEDD). There, he concentrated on negotiating with clients and management of projects rather than design; 'I don't relish the negotiating skills and organisational approach that you must take to any educational task, and major corporate projects are totally education tasks. It is your responsibility to educate the client, because they don't know your area of skills.'
While researching for Symbols of Australia, Cozzolino met Honor Godfrey of The Ephemera Society and in 1987 she invited him to join the committee of the Ephemera Society of Australia (ESA) and contribute design and content to the Ephemera Journal of Australia. He has contributed from his collections to exhibitions, to others' publications and in presentations. In 2019 he was made Honorary Life Member of the ESA.
Through media appearances and in interviews and texts, Cozzolino continues to be consulted for perspectives and commentary on Australian symbols, design, language, and the migrant experience.
In 1987 Cozzolino joined with Wayne Rankin, Stephen Huxley and others in launching a national professional association for graphic designers Australian Graphic Design Association (AGDA). After considerable commitment to the venture and after it was successfully established he stepped down from its leadership in 1992. He was recognised with inclusion in the AGDA Hall of Fame.
From 2002 Cozzolino pursued his interest in art photography, video and the use of the scanner to make imagery of found objects, winning the Leica/CCP Documentary Photography Award with the autobiographical series Arcadia del Sud. He undertook an MFA on the relationship between photography, autobiography and archives. In 2019 he exhibited a series of paintings in mixed media on X-ray film at Tacit Galleries, Melbourne.
- 2019 Moments, Tacit Galleries, Melbourne (solo)
- 2012 After I die: archives, autobiography, photography, Postgraduate Gallery Monash University, (solo)
- 2011 The changing face of Victoria, Dome Galleries, State Library of Victoria, Melbourne (solo)
- 2010 The Tententen Show, Brunswick Arts Space, Melbourne
- 2009 I'm Here! – Stencil and Street Inspired Art, Ochre Gallery, Melbourne
- 2008 Triangle Project: Taebak Discourse, Taebak, Korea,
- 2008 Celebrating Ramsar, Conference 2008, Gyeongnam ArtMuseum, Korea
- 2005 Sub-Urban Shadow-Plays, Walker Street Gallery, Dandenong (solo)
- 2005 We're a Weird Mob, Post Master Gallery at Australia Post, Melbourne
- 2004 Vivid, fortyfivedownstairs, Melbourne
- 2004 Design: Asian Pacific Design Exchange Exhibition, Design Center Gallery, Osaka, Japan
- 2003 Arcadia del Sud, Bungay Art House, Melbourne (solo)
- 2003 Arcadia del Sud, Leica/CCP 2003 Documentary Photography Award, First Prize
- 2003 Flush: 1990-2003, Band Hall Gallery, Kyneton (solo)
- 1992 The Lie of the Land, Powerhouse Museum, Sydney
- 1987 Just Wot!?, an Exhibition of Visual Poetry, Artists Space Gallery, Melbourne
- 1983 Fotografics from Italy, Seal Club, Melbourne (solo)
- 1981, from 27 February, See/Hear: an Exhibition of Concrete Poetry with Jas H. Duke, Richard Tipping, Peter Murphy, Lindsay Clements, Alex Selenitsch, Anthony Figallo. Niagara Lane Gallery, Melbourne
- Cozzolino, Mimmo (1900), [Artist name: Art & Artist Files (Australia and New Zealand)], retrieved 4 January 2020
- Australia, Supplied: State Library of South (3 September 2017). "1950s Italian migrant ship Flaminia". ABC News. Retrieved 4 January 2020.
- Rizzoli, Francesca. "Recalling the Journey - the Cozzolino's family". SBS Your Language. Retrieved 4 January 2020.
- "Winston Thomas, 1982". commons.swinburne.edu.au. Retrieved 4 January 2020.
- The Sun, Saturday, 28 November 1970
- Cozzolino , M (15 September 1989), Mimmo Cozzolino Art Forum 1989, University of Tasmania
- All Australian Graffiti; Cozzolino, Mimmo, 1949- (1977), The Kevin Pappas tear out postcard book, Penguin Books Australia, ISBN 978-0-14-070064-0CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Stuart Sayers, 'Visual puns and buoyant fun.'In The Age, Writers and Readers, 17 March 1979
- Cozzolino, Mimmo; Cozzolino, Mimmo, 1949-; Rutherford, G. Fysh (Graeme Fysh), 1947- (2000), Symbols of Australia (20th anniversary ed.), Mimmo Cozzolino, ISBN 978-0-646-40309-0CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Gawen Rudder. 'Symbols Revisited.' In B&T magazine, 17–28 August 1987, pp 18-19, 26
- Eye: The International Review of Graphic Design, Volume 14, Issues 53-56, Wordsearch Ltd., 2004
- 'Designing Australia: Towards a national style,' a supplement to the National Times. The National Times, 15 April 1983
- Les Tanner, 'How Kangarucci superseded Chesty.' In The Age, Saturday, 6 September 1980, page 25
- Graeme Kinross Smith, Marie Hansen Fels, Kosmas Tsokhas, David Stockley, Kathleen McCarthy, Lucy Frost, Don Garden, John Barrett, John Rickard, Albert Goodman, Joseph Chetcuti & Don Gibb (1987) Book reviews, Journal of Australian Studies, 11:21, 101-114, DOI: 10.1080/14443058709386962
- Helen Garner: Mimmo's Dinkum Memory Jogger.' In The National Times, October 12–18, 1980
- "The ultimate in nostalgia". The Canberra Times. Australian Capital Territory, Australia. 15 September 1990. p. 11 (Saturday Magazine). Retrieved 16 December 2019 – via Trove.
- "By the Way". The Canberra Times. Australian Capital Territory, Australia. 14 September 1980. p. 3. Retrieved 16 December 2019 – via Trove.
- "Bewdy, Mimmo and Bazza!". The Canberra Times. Australian Capital Territory, Australia. 7 February 1981. p. 21. Retrieved 16 December 2019 – via Trove.
- "Symbols book wins design award". The Canberra Times. Australian Capital Territory, Australia. 27 March 1981. p. 15. Retrieved 16 December 2019 – via Trove.
- "Interaction of commerce and culture". The Canberra Times. Australian Capital Territory, Australia. 5 November 1994. p. 50. Retrieved 16 December 2019 – via Trove.
- "1985 How they dressed up Australia and put it on sale". The Canberra Times. Australian Capital Territory, Australia. 7 April 1985. p. 6 (Good Weekend). Retrieved 16 December 2019 – via Trove.
- "Notes and Quotes". The Canberra Times. Australian Capital Territory, Australia. 21 February 1985. p. 16. Retrieved 16 December 2019 – via Trove.
- "Eye Magazine | Feature | Symbols of assimilation". www.eyemagazine.com. Retrieved 4 January 2020.
- Sanin Santamaria, Juan Diego (2015), Branding Australia: the commercial construction of Australianness, Media, Film and Journalism, retrieved 4 January 2020
- Craig McGregor, 'The Image Makers' The National Times Australia Day special, 20–26 January 1984, p.25-27
- Penny Robinson, 'The textbook guide to writing a best seller.' In The Sunday Age, 31 January 1993
- Guarnuccio, Elio; Sedunary, Michael, 1946- (1986), Sempre avanti!: a fun-filled comprehensive Italian course, CIS Educational, ISBN 9780949919076, retrieved 4 January 2020CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Roslyn Grundy', Tina Haynes, 'Doing the logo motion: Moving ahead in the graphic design business doesn't just mean making pretty pictures; it takes a whole marketing vision. Reports on a two-man team who has just that.' In The Age, Saturday 30 July 1994, page 13
- Griffiths, Anna (April 1994). "Mimmo". Design Graphics (3). pp. 12–21.
- "The Ephemera Society - for the preservation, study and educational uses of printed ephemera". www.ephemera-society.org.uk. Retrieved 4 January 2020.
- "Ephemera Society of Australia Inc". www.ephemerasociety.org.au. Retrieved 4 January 2020.
- Jigsaw Factory Collection, RMIT University, Australia, 1973
- Cozzolino, Mimmo. "What will the rare book of the future look like?: Digitally published books. Presented by Ephemera Society of Australia during Melbourne Rare Book Week festival 30 June–9 July 2017" (PDF). Melbourne Rare Book Week: For The Love Of Books.
- "Artists flag fresh symbols of a nation's hope and ideals.(News)", The Sydney Morning Herald (Sydney, Australia), Fairfax Media Publications Pty Limited: 4, 25 May 2013, ISSN 0312-6315
- Forsyth, Jo; Australian Film Commission; Film Queensland (1994), Bad by design: designers break the rules, A Blurred Production. Produced in association with The Australian Film Commission & Film Queensland; South Melbourne, Vic.: AFI Distribution
- Mimmo Cozzolino, 'Australian slang' in Butler, Darryl; Spicers Paper Limited (1987), The unique Australian character, Spicers Paper Limited
- Meikle, Larissa; McDonald, Kate, (author.); Pemberton, Simon, (writer of foreword.); Banham, Stephen, (book designer.); Walker, Heather; Schofield, Nell, (interviewer.); Liu, David, (director.); Walsh, Simon, (photographer,); Roland, Chris, (recordist.); Cidoni, Rose, (producer.); Miller, Maxr, (director,); Garbett, Paul, (photographer.); Pigeon, David, (photographer.); Leach, Matt; Cato, Ken, (interviewee.); Cozzolino, Mimmo, 1949-, (interviewee.); Emery, Garry, (interviewee.); Flett, Trevor, (interviewee.); Kidd, Ian. 1945-, (interviewee.); Kin-Yee, Myriam, (interviewee.); Lancashire, David, (interviewee.); Nowland, John, (interviewee.); Sadgrove, Brian, (interviewee.); Spatchurst, John, (interviewee.); Turner, Neil, (interviewee.); Tucker, Barrie, (interviewee.); Williamson, Harry, (interviewee.); Mason, Les, (interviewee.); GoodWolf (Musical group), (performer.) (2016), On the shoulders of giants : a tribute to 13 graphic designers, Graffitti Design, ISBN 978-0-646-90919-6CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Cozzolino, Mimmo (2011), After the grassfires: (17 found objects), Mimmo (D) Cozzolino, ISBN 978-0-9807747-9-5
- Cozzolino, Mimmo (2011), Scam: the scanner as a camera, M. (D) Cozzolino, ISBN 978-0-9807747-6-4
- Cozzolino, Mimmo (2011), Arcadia del Sud West Heidelberg Melbourne Australia circa 1966 (1st ed.), Mimmo (D) Cozzolino, ISBN 978-0-9807747-2-6
- Cozzolino, Mimmo (2012), Narcissus: tracing the photographed self, M. (D) Cozzolino, ISBN 978-0-9807747-5-7
- Bateson, T. J., (Editor.); Lawrence, Keith, (Editor.); Cozzolino, Mimmo, (Artist.); Pascoe, Joseph, (Text by.) (Other) (2019), Mimmo Cozzolino: Tacit Galleries: Moments, Tacit Art, ISBN 978-1-925858-27-3CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link) CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
- Cozzolino, Mimmo; Tylor, Warren (2012), After I die. Archives, autobiography, photography: exhibition catalogue, Mimmo (D) Cozzolino, ISBN 978-0-9872498-0-7
- Media, Desktopmag com au Niche (1 February 2012). "After I Die by Mimmo Cozzolino | Desktop". DesktopMag. Retrieved 4 January 2020.
- Cozzolino, Mimmo (2011), Sub-urban shadow-plays, M. Cozzolino, ISBN 978-0-9807747-4-0
- Cozzolino, Mimmo (2011), Flush 1990-2003-2011: a series of scans of found objects (1st ed.), M. (D) Cozzolino, ISBN 978-0-9807747-3-3
- Cozzolino, Mimmo (2011), Fotografics from Italy 1983, M. (D) Cozzolino, ISBN 978-0-9807747-1-9