Miloš N. Đurić

Miloš N. Đurić OSS (Serbian Cyrillic: Милош Н. Ђурић), was a Serbian classical philologist, hellenist, classical translator, philosopher, university professor and a full member of Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts.[1] Đurić's textbooks and [2][3] translations of classic literary works such as the Iliad, the Odyssey and Poetics are still in use. According to Dr. Ksenija Maricki Gađanski, Đurić's numerous contributions to Serbian culture puts him on a scale of earlier Serbian enlighteners such as Saint Sava and Dositej Obradović.[4]

Miloš N. Đurić
Miloš N Đurić.JPG
A bust of professor Đurić in Kalemegdan Park
Born(1892-01-14)14 January 1892
Died5 December 1967(1967-12-05) (aged 75)
OccupationClassical philologist
University professor
Classical translator
ChildrenRastko

BiographyEdit

Born the eldest son of a family of eight, Đurić's father, Nikola, was a teacher and writer[4] who introduced him to Serbian epic poetry,[5] which would influence his future career. He began to write and publish poetry and literary criticism early in life. In 1918, Đurić was living in Osijek, where he tried to publish a work on Serbian epic poetry titled Smrt majke Jugovića. Austro-Hungarian state censors based in Osijek banned the paper on the grounds that it "threatens the national interests".[4] Đurić graduated from the University of Belgrade Faculty of Philosophy and defended his PhD thesis at the University of Zagreb in 1929.[4]

He worked as a teacher at a gymnasium in Zemun and Sremska Mitrovica where he published poems and essays in a local journal Serbia.[4] He went on to work as a university professor teaching the history of Ancient Greek literature, a post which he held for four decades.[6][7]

The puppet government of Serbia forced him into early retirement and sent him to the Banjica concentration camp.[8][9] His only son Rastko died on the front in Slavonia in 1945.[5] Đurić dedicated all of his works from that point on to him.

The Kornelije Stanković Musical Society of Belgrade elected him a full member, and Đurić later served as the president of the organisation.[10] Between 1952 and 1957 Đurić served as the president of the Serbian Literary Guild, chief editor of several academic journals and a contributor to 96 journals and magazines. The Belgrade Psychoanalytical Society made him a full member, and he translated some of the most influential works of psychoanalytical literature into Serbian.[11]

A complete bibliography of Đurić's works consists of around 400 titles containing more than 10,000 pages.[9][4]

Ethics professorEdit

The World War II puppet government of Serbia demanded that notable intellectuals sign a document that demanded "order and obedience" from them and "patriotism in the fight against communists".[10] Đurić refused to sign it[12] on the grounds that more than half of his students were part of the Yugoslav Partisans.[3] When a music professor stopped him and warned him the Germans would not forget his disobedience, Đurić answered: "It's easy for you. You play diple, while I teach students ethics!"[13][14] This statement became a symbol of personal integrity in Serbian and Yugoslav society.[15]

Awards and legacyEdit

Đurić was awarded the city of Belgrade's October Award, the Seventh July Award, the Order of Saint Sava and the Yugoslav Order of Labour. A street in Karaburma is named after him.[16] The Association of Literary Translators of Serbia has awarded the Miloš N. Đurić Award annually since 1969. [17][18] It is considered the most important Serbian prize for translation.[10] Mihailo Pupin wrote highly of his work and philosophy.[19] The title of one of Milovan Vitezović's poetry collections—Na času kod profesora Miloša N. Đurića—honours him.[20]

His personal items and works are kept by the Belgrade University Library.[21]

Works[4]Edit

Original works
  • Vidovdanska etika, 1914
  • Smrt Majke Jugovića, 1918
  • Filosofija panhumanizma, 1922
  • Mit o sunčevoj sestri, 1925
  • Pred slovenskim vidicima, 1928
  • Racionalizam u savremenoj nemačkoj filosofiji, 1928
  • Problemi filosofije kulture, 1929
  • Ogledi iz grčke filosofije i umetnosti, 1936
  • Etika i politika u Eshilovoj tragediji, 1937
  • Aristotelovo etičko učenje, 1940
  • Helenska agonistika i likovne umetnosti, 1940
  • Istorija helenske književnosti u vremenu političke samostalnosti, 1951
  • Sofisti i njihov istorijski značaj, sa bibl. dotadašnjih radova, 1955
  • Kroz helensku istoriju, književnost i muziku (studije i ogledi), 1955
  • Sofoklove tebanske tragedije, 1955
  • Istorija starih Grka do smrti Aleksandra Makedonskog, 1955
  • Na izvorima umetničke lepote, ogledi o Homeru, 1957
  • Iz helenskih riznica (essays), 1959
  • Aristotel, 1959
  • Platonova akademija i njen politički rad, 1960
  • Istorija helenske etike, 1961
  • Patnja i mudrost, 1962
  • Značenje izraza "radojički" u pesmi Do pojasa Laze Kostića, 1968[22]
  • Antologija stare helenske lirike, 1962
  • Istorijski izvori istorija i filosofija, 1997[23]
  • Selected works, I-VI, 1997[24]
Translator and editor
  • Srpske narodne pesme, I-XIV, editor
  • Srpske narodne pripovetke, I-II, editor
  • Antologija stare helenske lirike, 1962, editor

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Члан САНУ". 2014-04-07. Archived from the original on 2014-04-07. Retrieved 2020-01-26.
  2. ^ "ЂУРИЋ Милош Н. | Енциклопедија Српског народног позоришта" (in American English). Retrieved 2020-01-26.
  3. ^ a b c "Savršen prevodilac – Miloš N. Đurić". Blog prevodilačke agencije Libra | Prevodioci.co.rs (in sr-RS). 2016-08-22. Retrieved 2020-01-26.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Maricki Gađanski, Ksenija. "Srpska kultura pre i posle Miloša N. Đurića" (PDF). Naučnici, istraživači i tumači. II.
  5. ^ a b "Први су учитељи судбоносни". Politika Online. Retrieved 2020-01-26.
  6. ^ "Na helenskim izvorima". Nedeljnik Vreme. Retrieved 2020-01-25.
  7. ^ Hadži-Đokić, Silvana (2017-12-23). "KNJIŽEVNI GURU XL – PREPORUKA ZA ČITANJE Milovan Vitezović: "Ispit kod profesora Miloša N. Đurića". Ekspres.net (in American English). Retrieved 2020-01-25.
  8. ^ Bondžić, Dragomir (2011). "Beogradski univerzitetski profesori i Drugi svetski rat" (PDF). Zbornik radova s Desničinih susreta: 278.
  9. ^ a b "Prvi su učitelji sudbonosni". Politika Online. Retrieved 2020-01-25.
  10. ^ a b c "Na helenskim izvorima". Nedeljnik Vreme. Retrieved 2020-01-26.
  11. ^ Damnjanović, Srđan (2012). "Miloš N. Đurić i psihoanaliza helenske etike" (PDF): 17. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  12. ^ Bondžić, Dragomir (2011). "Beogradski univerzitetski profesori i Drugi svetski rat" (PDF). Zbornik radova s Desničinih susreta: 24.
  13. ^ Lazić, Anđelija (2017-02-05). "NAJVOLJENIJI BEOGRADSKI PROFESOR: Studenti su ga zvali ČIKA MIŠA, a malo ko danas zna za njegovu PATNJU! | Dnevno.rs". www.dnevno.rs (in Croatian). Retrieved 2020-01-25.
  14. ^ Simonović, Piše: Branislav. "Ko svira u diple na Beogradskom univerzitetu?". Dnevni list Danas (in sr-RS). Retrieved 2020-01-26.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  15. ^ A, G. "Spomen ploča u čast Miloša N. Đurića". Blic.rs (in Serbian). Retrieved 2020-01-26.
  16. ^ "Čika Miše Đurića Palilula (Beograd), ulica i objekti na mapi". PlanPlus.rs (in sr-Latn). Retrieved 2020-01-25.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  17. ^ "Dobitnici nagrade Miloš N. Đurić za 2019. | SEEcult.org". www.seecult.org. Retrieved 2020-01-25.
  18. ^ "Stevan Tontić received the Miloš N. Đurić Translation Prize". english.traduki.eu. Retrieved 2020-01-25.
  19. ^ "МУДРОСТ СЕ ПАТЊОМ СТИЧЕ". Политикин забавник. Retrieved 2020-01-26.
  20. ^ Сретеновић, М. "На часу код Чарапићевог бреста". Politika Online. Retrieved 2020-01-26.
  21. ^ http://arhiva.unilib.rs/unilib/o_nama/izdanja/2008/misa-djuric.pdf
  22. ^ Марибор, IZUM-Институт информацијских знаности. "Значење израза "радојички" у песми До појаса Лазе Костића :: COBISS+". plus.sr.cobiss.net (in Serbian). Retrieved 2020-01-26.
  23. ^ ISTORIJSKI IZVORI ISTORIJA I FILOSOFIJA - Miloš N. Đurić. www.delfi.rs. Retrieved 2020-01-26.
  24. ^ "Izabrana dela Miloša N. Đurića 1-6 : Miloš Đurić". www.kucazasunce.com. Retrieved 2020-01-26.

Further readingEdit

  • Bibliografija Miloša N. Đurića by Živanov Marko and Sajić Radisav, 1983
  • Zvezdani časovi Miloša N. Đurića by Jokić Miroslav, 2014

External linksEdit