Milivoj Ašner

Đuro Milivoj Ašner (21 April 1913 – 14 June 2011) was a police chief in the Independent State of Croatia who was accused of enforcing racist laws under the Nazi-allied Ustaše regime and expulsion and deportation of hundreds of Serbs, Jews and Romani.[1] He was 4th on the Simon Wiesenthal Center's list of most wanted Nazi war criminals and on the Interpol's most wanted list also.[2]

Đuro Milivoj Ašner
Milivoj Ašner MUP wanted list.jpg
Born(1913-04-21)21 April 1913
Died14 June 2011(2011-06-14) (aged 98)
Other namesGeorg Aschner
OccupationPolice officer
Years active1941–1945
Known forAccused for expulsion and deportation of hundreds of Serbs, Jews and Gypsies

Ašner himself admitted the deportations of Serbs to Serbia, but denied there was any deportations to the camps, as he stated, "such moves would be expensive, as one must feed and restrain the prisoners."[3]


Ašner was born in Daruvar, in the Kingdom of Croatia-Slavonia which was then part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. After the establishment of the Independent State of Croatia in 1941, he became chief of police in Požega. After the collapse of the Independent State of Croatia Ašner retreated towards Austria, where he took a new name, Georg Aschner.[4]

In 1992, after Croatia declared itself independent, Ašner returned to Croatia, living in Požega until 2004 when Alen Budaj,[5] a historian and associate of the Israeli Simon Wiesenthal Centre located him there. That same year, the director of the centre, Efraim Zuroff, brought the documents on Ašner to the Croatian Prosecutor's Office. Ašner fled to Austria. In 2005, the Republic of Croatia accused him of crimes against the civilians and asked for his extradition from Austria.

In 2008, Austria refused on the grounds that Ašner suffered from severe dementia and unfit to stand trial.[4][6]

Efforts to prosecuteEdit

In 2005, Croatia indicted Ašner for crimes against humanity[7] and war crimes in the city of Požega in 1941–42. In February 2006, Austrian judicial officials said they were close to deciding on whether to arrest Ašner. Austrian officials initially ruled he could not be handed over to Croatian authorities as he held Austrian citizenship.[7]

He remained on Interpol's most wanted list,[8] and was considered by the Simon Wiesenthal Center as the fourth most wanted Nazi at large.[9][10]

In June 2008, the then controversial Governor of Carinthia, Jörg Haider, praised Ašner's family as friendly and said of Ašner that "he's lived peacefully among us for years, and he should be able to live out the twilight of his life with us". This provoked further criticism, with Efraim Zuroff of the Simon Wiesenthal Center saying that Haider's views reflected "the political atmosphere which exists in Austria and which in certain circles is extremely sympathetic to suspected Nazi war criminals".[7]

In an interview that aired in Croatia on 19 June 2008, Ašner acknowledged that he was involved in deportations, but maintained that those who were deported were taken not to death camps, as is generally believed, but to their homelands instead. He claimed his conscience was clear and that he was willing to go on trial in Croatia, but also asserted that his health was a problem. In an examination in the same week, it was again decided he was mentally unfit. Zuroff expressed the suspicion that Ašner was pretending or exaggerating regarding his condition.[7]


Milivoj Ašner died on 14 June 2011 in his room in a Caritas nursing home in Klagenfurt. His death was announced on 20 June 2011.[1]


  1. ^ a b "Ratni zločinac Milivoj Ašner umro u Klagenfurtu u 98. godini". Večernji list (in Croatian). 20 June 2011. Archived from the original on 4 June 2012. Retrieved 26 July 2012.
  2. ^ Ya'ar, Chana (20 June 2011). "WWII Nazi War Criminal Milivoj Asner Dies Free in Austria". Arutz Sheva. Archived from the original on 4 June 2012. Retrieved 26 July 2012.
  3. ^ "Ašner: Moraju me osloboditi jer sam Hrvat po rođenju". Jutarnji list (in Croatian). 19 June 2008. Archived from the original on 26 August 2011. Retrieved 27 July 2012.
  4. ^ a b G.J. (20 June 2011). "Preminuo šef ustaške policije Milivoj Ašner". Dnevnik Nove TV. Archived from the original on 24 August 2011. Retrieved 27 July 2012.
  5. ^ "Peace of mind: Success in Online Casinos". Retrieved 15 November 2016.
  6. ^ A., R. (20 June 2011). Преминуо Миливој Ашнер. Politika (in Serbian). Archived from the original on 17 September 2012. Retrieved 27 July 2012.
  7. ^ a b c d "Praise for 'treasured' Nazi suspect revives accusations that Austria is sheltering him" Archived 10 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine, Associated Press (International Herald Tribune), 20 June 2008
  8. ^ "Ašner's entry in Interpol Wanted list". Archived from the original on 22 June 2011. Retrieved 17 June 2008.
  9. ^ Simon Wiesenthal Center (SWC)'s Annual Report and Most Wanted List, released 30 April 2008; accessed 2008-06-17
  10. ^ "Fugitive Hunt", Dateline World Jewry, World Jewish Congress, July/August 2008

External linksEdit