Milford Writer's Workshop
The Milford Writer's Workshop, or more properly Milford Writers' Conference, is an annual science fiction writer's event founded by Damon Knight, among others, in the mid-1950s, in Milford, Pennsylvania. It was so named because Knight, Judith Merril, and James Blish lived in Milford, Pennsylvania when it was founded. It moved to the United Kingdom in 1972 and has run successfully ever since on an annual basis.
|Milford Writer's Workshop|
(or more properly Milford Writers' Conference)
|Location(s)|| • Milford, Pennsylvania, United States (before 1972)|
• Various locations, United Kingdom (since 1972)
|Founder||Damon Knight, among others|
|Participants||Science fiction writers|
Judith Merril, James Blish, and Damon Knight founded the Milford Writer's Conference in 1956. It is both a residential workshop and a writers' conference in which published science fiction writers convene over the course of a week to intensively critique stories and samples from novels (usually works in progress) and to workshop ideas on all aspects of SF writing. It is a peer-to-peer conference with no teachers or students.
Milford and related entities like Science Fiction Forum presaged the creation of the Science Fiction Writers of America in 1965 and that decade's New Wave movement. In 1972, Blish set up the United Kingdom Milford SF Writers' Conference, which initially met in Milford on Sea, Hampshire. Since then it has been held in various locations, latterly Devon until 2001, York in 2002 and 2003, and (since 2004) at Trigonos Conference Centre in North Wales, usually in mid September.
An honorary committee is elected annually at the AGM held during the Milford week. The 2015 committee (elected 2014) comprised: Sue Thomason (Chair), Liz Williams (Secretary), Tina Anghelatos (Treasurer), Jacey Bedford (Vice-Chair, Website and Mailing Lists), Kari Sperring, and Karen Williams. Committee members are listed on the workshop's official web site.
Participants must have sold at least one science fiction story to qualify for attendance, and relative newcomers to publication are welcomed, though participants often have multiple novel and/or short story sales to their credit. Qualification details are quoted on the workshop's official website.
Workshop participants in the United States (pre-1972) included:
- James Blish
- Anthony Boucher
- Algis Budrys
- Jack Dann
- Avram Davidson
- Lester Del Rey
- Samuel R. Delany
- Tom Disch
- Gardner Dozois
- George Alec Effinger
- Harlan Ellison
- Carol Emshwiller
- Ed Emshwiller
- Gustav Hasford
- Cyril Kornbluth
- Ursula K. Le Guin
- Katherine MacLean
- Anne McCaffrey
- Richard McKenna
- Judith Merril
- Frederik Pohl
- Jane Roberts
- Robert Silverberg
- Ted Sturgeon
- Kurt Vonnegut
- Gene Wolfe
Participants in the UK (in 1972 and afterward) have included:
A full list of former Milford participants is listed on the workshop's official website.
Manuscripts are distributed beforehand. Everyone reads, critiques, and prepares before the formal workshop begins. Etiquette precludes participants from discussing the manuscripts beforehand either with the author or other members of the critique group. The participants sit round in a circle. The author whose work is being critiqued has to sit in silence through the first part in which each participant in turn is allowed an uninterrupted four minutes (timed) to deliver their critique. Then the author gets an uninterrupted right to reply. Following that a general discussion ensues. Constructive criticism is strongly encouraged. In the last few years it has become accepted for the critiqued manuscripts to be given back to the author complete with notes.
- Latham, Rob (2009). "Fiction, 1950-1963". In Bould, Mark; Butler, Andrew M.; Roberts, Adam; Vint, Sherryl (eds.). The Routledge Companion to Science Fiction. Routledge. pp. 80–89. ISBN 9781135228361.
- Frederick Pohl, Avram Davidson Treasury, Macmillan
- "Glasgow Science Fiction Writers Circle website". April 30, 2011. Retrieved 7 September 2010.
- Bedford, Jacey. "The Milford Writers' Conference: Past and Future". Tor Books Blog. Retrieved 14 November 2013.