|Prince of Moldavia|
|Reign||April 1834 – June 1849|
|Successor||Grigore Alexandru Ghica|
|Born||24 April 1794|
|Died||8 May 1884 (aged 90)|
He was son of Grigore Sturdza, seigneur de Cozmesti, grand Logothete and of Mariora Callimachi, daughter of Gregory Callimachi prince of Moldavia. A man of liberal education, he established in Iași, the Academia Mihăileană, the first University in Romania, a institution of higher education, and the precursor of the University of Iași. He brought scholars from foreign countries to act as teachers, and gave a very powerful stimulus to the educational development of the country.
In 1844 he decreed the emancipation of the Gypsies, which until then had been treated as slaves and owned by the Church or by private landowners; they had been bought and sold in the open market. Mihail also attempted the secularization of monastic establishments, which was carried out by Prince Alexandru Ioan Cuza in 1864, and the utilization of their endowments for national purposes.
Mihail quelled the attempted Moldavian Revolution of 1848 without bloodshed by arresting all the few conspirators and expelling them from the country.
He vacationed with his family annually at Baden in Germany. When his and Vogoride's 16-year-old son was killed in Paris there in 1863, he erected a Greek Orthodox church on Michaelsberg to serve as his crypt.
- Winch (1967), Introducing Germany, p. 75.
- public domain: Moses Gaster (1911). "Sturdza". In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the