Open main menu

Miguel Antonio Otero (born 1829)

  (Redirected from Miguel Antonio Otero (I))

Miguel Antonio Otero (June 21, 1829 – May 30, 1882) was a prominent American politician of the New Mexico Territory and instrumental in the economic development of the territory.

Miguel Antonio Otero
Miguel Antonio Otero (1829-1882).jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New Mexico Territory's At-large district
In office
July 23, 1856 – March 3, 1861
Preceded byJosé Manuel Gallegos
Succeeded byJohn S. Watts
Personal details
BornJune 21, 1829
Valencia County, (then Mexico; now New Mexico, USA)
DiedMay 30, 1882(1882-05-30) (aged 52)
Las Vegas, New Mexico Territory
Political partyDemocratic
Alma materPingree College
Occupationlawyer, politician, businessman, banker

Early lifeEdit

Miguel Antonio Otero was born in Valencia, Nuevo México to Don Vicente Otero and Doña Gertrudis Aragón de Otero. Don Vicente had held prominent civic positions as judge and mayor in Valencia County, under both Spanish and Mexican Governments.

Otero received his early education in Valencia. In 1841 he enrolled at St. Louis University in the state of Missouri and subsequently graduated from Pingree College in Fishkill, New York, where he taught while he began his study of law. In 1851 he returned to Missouri, where he studied law and was admitted to the bar. He was a public advocate of the Mexican–American War.

Career as politicianEdit

In 1852 Otero became the private secretary to the Governor of New Mexico, William C. Lane, and was elected to the second Legislative Assembly of the territory of New Mexico. In 1854 he was appointed attorney general for the territory, and served for two years. On July 23, 1856 he was seated as a Democratic Delegate to the U.S. House of Representatives, after successfully contesting the election of José Manuel Gallegos. With the support of the Bishop of New Mexico, Jean Baptiste Lamy, Otero was reelected to the next two Congresses, but was not a candidate for renomination in 1860.

An outspoken Congressman and a strong supporter of the railroad, Otero devoted much of his efforts to the construction of the transcontinental railroad through New Mexico. He introduced the Memorial of the New Mexican Railway Company, in Relation to the Pacific Railroad on May 21, 1860.[1]

After Otero had completed his term in Congress, President Abraham Lincoln nominated him to be minister to Spain in 1861. Otero declined that office to accept an appointment as secretary of the territory of New Mexico, but the Senate did not confirm him because of his involvement in the 1860 Democratic National Convention in South Carolina and his pro-confederate tendencies.

Otero failed in another reelection bid in 1880. His business endeavors, however, in merchandizing, banking, and farming, were highly successful. In addition, he was a strong supporter of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway. And he became one of the founders and later president of the San Miguel National Bank in Las Vegas, New Mexico. He also engaged in out-of-state endeavors, mostly in Kansas City, Missouri.

He died in 1882 at the age of 52 and was buried in Denver's Riverside Cemetery.[2] His son, also named Miguel Antonio Otero, and nephew Mariano S. Otero would continue the family tradition of civic service, his son becoming Governor of New Mexico, and his nephew a delegate.

Both Otero County, New Mexico and Otero County, Colorado are named in his honor.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Ford, Thomas H. (printer). Memorial of the New Mexico Railway Company in Relation of the Pacific Railroad. U.S. House of Representatives, 1st Session, 36th Congress, 1859-'60. Retrieved 12 December 2011. p.437
  2. ^ "OTERO, Miguel Antonio". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. United States Congress. Retrieved 2007-11-29.

External linksEdit

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
José Manuel Gallegos
Delegate to the U.S. House of Representatives
from New Mexico

July 23, 1856 - March 3, 1861
Succeeded by
John S. Watts