Michael George Clyne, AM, FAHA, FASSA (12 October 1939 – 29 October 2010) was an Australian linguist, academic and intellectual. He was a scholar in various fields of linguistics, including sociolinguistics, pragmatics, bilingualism and multilingualism, second language learning, contact linguistics and intercultural communication. He was a fellow of the Academy of the Social Sciences in Australia, the Australian Academy of the Humanities, and the Royal Netherlands Academy of Sciences.
Michael Clyne (with kind permission of KNAW)
|Born||12 October 1939|
|Died||29 October 2010(aged 71)|
|Alma mater||University of Melbourne, Monash University|
|Known for||Contributions to Multilingualism, Sociolinguistics, Contact linguistics|
He was educated at Christ Church Grammar School, and at Caulfield Grammar School, where he was taught by Dr Samuel Billigheimer (1889-1983). Clyne studied for his Bachelor and Master of Arts degrees at the University of Melbourne, focusing on Germanic and French languages. He undertook further graduate studies in German and general linguistics at Utrecht and Bonn Universities, before joining the German language faculty at Monash University in Melbourne in 1962. He earned a Ph.D. from Monash in 1965, and was a Professor of Linguistics at the University from 1988 to 2001. In 2001 he became a professorial fellow of linguistics at Melbourne University and director of the university's Research Unit for Multilingualism and Cross-Cultural Communication.
Clyne was on the editorial board of at least 13 international journals. He was a Visiting Professor of Linguistics at the Ruprecht Karl University of Heidelberg and the University of Stuttgart. He spoke fluent English, German and Dutch, and had also studied French, Italian, Swedish and Norwegian.
He was made a Member of the Order of Australia on 13 June 1993 "in recognition of service to education, particularly in the field of linguistics." He was awarded an honorary doctorate from the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, as well as the Austrian Cross of Honour for Science and the Arts 1st cl., German Cross of Merit 1st cl., Foreign Member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Sciences in 2005, Centenary of Federation Medal, Inaugural Vice Chancellor’s Award for Postgraduate Supervision (Monash University), 1999 Jacob und Wilhelm Grimm Prize (international German Studies prize), and Humboldt Research Prize.
Clyne was the son of Dr Johannes Jacob Clyne and Edith Cecily Clyne. He married Irene Donohoue in 1977, and they had a daughter Joanna.
Clyne published numerous books and articles (28 authored, co-authored and edited books and over 300 articles and book chapters) of research in areas of linguistics, particularly in the field of bilingualism. The books include Language and Society in the German-speaking Countries (Cambridge University Press (CUP), 1984), and its sequel The German Language in a Changing Europe (CUP, 1995), Community Languages The Australian experience (CUP 1991), Pluricentric Languages (ed, Mouton de Gruyter, 1992), Inter-Cultural Communication at Work (CUP, 1994), Undoing and Redoing Corpus Planning (ed, Mouton de Gruyter, 1997), Dynamics of Language Contact (CUP 2003), and Australia's Language Potential (University of New South Wales Press, 2005).
- 1965 R. Taeni and M.G. Clyne, Efficient German. Macmillan, Melbourne and London. pp. xv + 260. (2nd edition, 1970. pp. xv + 271: 3rd edition, 1981. pp. v + 299.)
- 1967 Transference and Triggering. Nijhoff, The Hague. pp. xix + 148.
- 1972 Perspectives on Language Contact. Hawthorn Press, Melbourne. pp. 138.
- 1975 Forschungsbericht Sprachkontakt. Scriptor, Kronberg. pp. vi + 266.
- 1976 (ed.) Australia Talks: Essays on Australian Immigrant and Aboriginal Languages. Series D, No. 23. Pacific Linguistics, ANU, Canberra. pp. 244.
- 1981 Deutsch als Muttersprache in Australien. Franz Steiner Verlag, Wiesbaden. pp. 122.
- 1981 (ed.) Foreigner Talk. (= International Journal of the Sociology of Language 28) Mouton, The Hague. pp. 115.
- 1982 Multilingual Australia. River Seine, Melbourne. pp. x + 178. (2nd Edition, 1985. pp. x + 184.)
- 1983 S. Manton, J. McKay and M. Clyne, English Language Learning Needs of Adult Migrants in the Western Suburbs of Melbourne. (= Studies in Adult Migrant Education 1.) Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra. pp. x + 144.
- 1984 Language and Society in the German-speaking Countries. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge and New York. pp. xiii + 205.
- 1985 (ed.) Australia, Meeting Place of Languages. (= Series C, No. 92). Pacific Linguistics, ANU Canberra. pp. v + 328.
- 1986a (ed.) An Early Start: Second Language at the Primary School. River Seine, Melbourne. pp. 160.
- 1986b (ed.) J.A. Fishman, A. Tabouret-Keller, M. Clyne, B. Krishnamurti and M. Abdulaziz, The Fergusonian Impact. Vol. I, From Phonology to Society. pp. xv + 545. Vol. II, Sociolinguistics and the Sociology of Language. Mouton de Gruyter, Berlin. pp. xv + 598.
- 1991a Community Languages: The Australian Experience. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. pp. viii + 294.
- 1991b (ed.) Linguistics in Australia: Trends in Research. Academy of the Social Sciences in Australia, Canberra. pp. vi + 210.
- 1992 (ed.) Pluricentric Languages: Differing Norms in Different Nations. Mouton de Gruyter, Berlin. pp. vi + 481.
- 1993a H. Nicholas, H. Moore, M. Clyne, and A. Pauwels, Languages at the Crossroads. NLLIA, Melbourne. pp. xvi + 280.
- 1993b S. Fernandez, A. Pauwels, and M. Clyne, Unlocking Australia's Potential. Vol. 4: German. DEET/NLLIA, Canberra. pp. xi + 132.
- 1994 Inter-Cultural Communication at Work: Discourse Structures across Cultures. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. pp. x + 250. Paperback 1996.
- 1995a M. Clyne, C. Jenkins, I. Chen, R. Tsokalidou and T. Wallner, Developing Second Language From Primary School. NLLIA., Canberra. pp. 232.
- 1995b S. Kipp, M. Clyne and A. Pauwels, Immigration and Australia's Language Resources. AGPS, Canberra. pp. xvi + 168.
- 1995c The German Language in a Changing Europe. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. pp. xv + 269.
- 1997a (ed.) Undoing and redoing corpus planning. Mouton de Gruyter, Berlin. pp. viii + 516.
- 1997b M. Clyne, S. Fernandez, I.Y. Chen and R. Summo-O'Connell, Background Speakers. Language Australia, Canberra. pp. iii + 177.
- 1999 M. Clyne and S. Kipp, Pluricentric Languages in an Immigrant Context: Spanish, Chinese, Arabic. Mouton de Gruyter, Berlin. pp. xxi + 360.
- 2003 Dynamics of Language Contact. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. pp. xv +282.
- 2005 Australia's Language Potential. University of New South Wales Press, Sydney. pp. xii + 208.
- 2006 M. Clyne and S. Kipp, Tiles in a Multilingual Mosaic: Macedonian, Somali and Filipino in Melbourne. Pacific Linguistics, Canberra.
- Dr Billigheimer in Australia (OzTORAH); The German rabbinate abroad — Australia (OzTORAH).
- Brian Porter and Kate Burridge (22 November 2010). "Language the melody of his life". The Age. Fairfax Media.
- Cook, Margaret (20 February 2006). "Towards a bilingual nation". The Age.
- Australian Honours (2006). CLYNE, Michael George. Retrieved 12 February 2011.
- "Michael George Clyne (1939 - 2010)" (in Dutch). Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 14 July 2015.
- Queen wrote to Michael, The Argus, (Monday, 27 July 1953), p.5.
- Porter, B. & Burridge, K., "Language the Melody of his Life: Michael George Clyne, AM, Linguist, 12-10-1939 — 29-10-2010 (Obituary)", The Age, (Monday, 22 November 2010). (Fairfax Media).
- Απεβίωσε κορυφαίος γλωσσολόγος ('Leading Linguist Dead'), iKypros, (8 November 2010).
- Emeritus Professor Michael Clyne (Obituary), Monash University.