Mesbah 1 is an Iranian anti aircraft artillery system developed to defend against incoming cruise missiles. It was unveiled in 2010 by Iranian defense minister Ahmad Vahidi and hit its intended target successfully in the test. Production started some months later.[1]

Mesbah 1
TypeAnti-aircraft system
Place of originIran
Production history
ManufacturerDefense Industries Organization
Caliber23 mm (0.91 in)
Rate of fire4000 rpm
Muzzle velocity970 m/s (3,182 ft/s)
Effective firing range2.5 km
Maximum firing range4 km


Mesbah uses 4 Iranian built Russian ZU-23-2 installed on a rotatable mount. Each autocannon has its own feed magazine. Each ZU-23-2 has a reported fire rate of 2000 rpm. But surprisingly the whole system is reported to have a rate of 4000 rpm instead of 8000. This is probably because developers wanted it to save ammunition. The mount can rotate in different angles but the exact degrees are unknown.[2]

The system uses Radar and IR/Optical sensors to find its target automatically. Its radar is described as a 3D flat-antenna radar with a good accuracy that finds and traces the target and gives its position to the fire control system.[3]

Mesbah is described being able to engage both fixed and rotary wing aircraft and cruise missiles in low and very low altitudes. Its automatic control system makes it need less crew to operate and its sophisticated tracking and tracing algorithms makes it able to engage small targets like incoming missiles.[3][4]


See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "افتتاح خط توليد سامانه ضد كروز مصباح 1دا". Farda News.
  2. ^ "FarsNewsAgency Menu". Archived from the original on 2010-06-08. Retrieved 2012-01-11.
  3. ^ a b "سامانه های دفاع هوایی بردکوتاه ایران را بشناسیم". 16 August 2011.
  4. ^ "Mesbah 1".

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