The Mermaid Stakes was an American Thoroughbred horse race run annually at Sheepshead Bay Race Track in Sheepshead Bay, Brooklyn. An important event for three-year-old fillies, the race was run on dirt over a distance of one mile and one furlong until 1910 when it was set at one mile.
|Discontinued stakes race|
|Location||Sheepshead Bay Race Track|
Sheepshead Bay, Brooklyn, New York
|Race type||Thoroughbred – Flat racing|
|Distance||1 mile (8 furlongs)|
First run in 1880, there was no race from 1895 through 1901. During the twenty-four years the race was held, it was won by eight Champions of which four would be elected to the National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame. The final running in 1910 was won by Lily Livingston's Amelia Jenks in a major upset over Ocean Bound, the undefeated 1909 American Champion Two-Year-Old Filly.
On June 11, 1908, the Republican controlled New York Legislature under Governor Charles Evans Hughes passed the Hart–Agnew anti-betting legislation with penalties allowing for fines and up to a year in prison. The owners of Sheepshead Bay Race Track, and other racing facilities in New York State, struggled to stay in business without betting. Racetrack operators had no choice but to drastically reduce the purse money being paid out which by 1909 saw the Mermaid Stakes offering a purse that was as little as one-third of what it had been in earlier years. Further restrictive legislation was passed by the New York Legislature in 1910 which deepened the financial crisis for track operators and led to a complete shut down of racing across the state during 1911 and 1912. When a Court ruling saw racing return in 1913 it was too late for the Sheepshead Bay horse racing facility and it never reopened.
Champions who won the Mermaid Stakes:
- 1:52 flat, 1 1/8 miles, Maskette (1909)
Most wins by a jockey:
- 3 – Jim McLaughlin (1883, 1887, 1888)
Most wins by a trainer:
- 4 – James G. Rowe Sr. (1883, 1889, 1890, 1909)
Most wins by an owner:
|1910||Amelia Jenks||Matt McGee||Matthew Feakes||Lily A. Livingston||1 M||1:39.40||$1,450|
|1909||Maskette||Richard Scoville||James G. Rowe Sr.||James R. Keene||11⁄8 M||1:52.00||$3,990|
|1908||Stamina||Eddie Dugan||A. Jack Joyner||Harry Payne Whitney||11⁄8 M||1:53.00||$4,875|
|1907||Yankee Girl||Herman Radtke||George P. Brazier||Charles R. Ellison||11⁄8 M||1:54.80||$4,870|
|1906||Perverse||Lucien Lyne||John W. Rogers||Harry Payne Whitney||11⁄8 M||1:54.00||$3,600|
|1905||Tradition||Willie Davis||A. Jack Joyner||Sydney Paget||11⁄8 M||1:58.60||$4,360|
|1904||Beldame||Frank O'Neill||Fred Burlew||Newton Bennington||11⁄8 M||1:54.40||$5,570|
|1903||Daisy Green||John Bullman||Harry M. Mason||John N. Follansbee||11⁄8 M||1:59.60||$4,480|
|1902||Gunfire||Tommy Burns||John W. Rogers||William C. Whitney||11⁄8 M||1:54.80||$3,315|
|1895||– 1901||Race not held|
|1894||Beldemere||Willie Simms||Edward Feakes||Preakness Stables||11⁄8 M||1:56.00||$5,160|
|1893||Afternoon||Samuel Doggett||John W. Rogers||Samuel S. Brown||11⁄8 M||1:56.80||$3,510|
|1892||Yorkville Belle||Isaac Burns Murphy||Matthew M. Allen||Frank A. Ehret||11⁄8 M||2:00.60||$3,810|
|1891||Equity||George Taylor||John Huggins||J. Gardner Cassatt||11⁄8 M||1:56.20||$4,400|
|1890||Her Highness||Anthony Hamilton||James G. Rowe Sr.||August Belmont Sr.||11⁄8 M||1:57.00||$5,080|
|1889||She||Edward Garrison||James G. Rowe Sr.||August Belmont Sr.||11⁄8 M||1:56.00||$4,730|
|1888||Bella B||Jim McLaughlin||Frank McCabe||Dwyer Brothers Stable||11⁄8 M||1:57.25||$5,280|
|1887||Firenze||Jim McLaughlin||Matthew Byrnes||James Ben Ali Haggin||11⁄8 M||1:56.00||$4,340|
|1886||Bandala||Fred Littlefield||Charles Boyle||Richmond Stable||11⁄8 M||2:02.00||$3,870|
|1885||Wanda||Harris Olney||Matthew Byrnes||Rancocas Stable||11⁄8 M||1:59.50||$3,470|
|1884||Duchess||William Donohue||Evert V. Snedecker||E. V. Snedeker & Co.||11⁄8 M||1:59.00||$3,150|
|1883||Miss Woodford||Jim McLaughlin||James G. Rowe Sr.||Dwyer Brothers Stable||11⁄8 M||1:58.25||$3,600|
|1882||Hiawasse||Edward Feakes||Matthew Byrnes||Pierre Lorillard IV||11⁄8 M||1:57.25||$2,700|
|1881||Thora||William Donohue||James Lee||Charles Reed||11⁄8 M||1:57.00||$2,150|
|1880||Glidelia||William Donohue||George Rice||William M. Conner||11⁄8 M||1:59.50||$1950|
- "The Mermaid Stakes Today". Daily Racing Form. 1909-07-07. Retrieved 2018-11-07 – via University of Kentucky Archives.
- "Ocean Bound Beaten By A Carless Ride". New York Times. 1910-07-01. Retrieved 2018-11-04.
- "Penalties in the New York Bills". Daily Racing Form. 1908-01-18. Retrieved 2018-10-26 – via University of Kentucky Archives.
- "Keep Up Betting Ban". New York Times. 1908-09-01. Retrieved 2018-11-06.
- "Striking Falling off in Value of Ten Greatest Stakes". Daily Racing Form. 1910-07-16. Retrieved 2018-10-15 – via University of Kentucky Archives.