Merhavia (moshav)

Merhavia (Hebrew: מֶרְחַבְיָה, lit. "Space of God") is a moshav in northern Israel. It falls under the jurisdiction of Jezreel Valley Regional Council and in 2019 had a population of 662.[1] Founded in 1911,[dubious ][citation needed] it was the first modern Jewish settlement in the Jezreel Valley.

Merhavia
מֶרְחַבְיָה
תמונה 410.jpg
Merhavia is located in Jezreel Valley region of Israel
Merhavia
Merhavia
Coordinates: 32°36′17″N 35°18′29″E / 32.60472°N 35.30806°E / 32.60472; 35.30806Coordinates: 32°36′17″N 35°18′29″E / 32.60472°N 35.30806°E / 32.60472; 35.30806
CountryIsrael
DistrictNorthern
CouncilJezreel Valley
AffiliationMoshavim Movement
Founded1911[dubious ][citation needed]
Founded byKvutzat Kibush members and Second Aliyah immigrants
Population
 (2019)[1]
662
Websitewww.merhavia.com

EtymologyEdit

The name Merhavia is derived from the Book of Psalms 118:5.

Out of my straits I called upon the LORD; He answered me with great enlargement.

In the metaphorical sense: "God set me free" - the experience of the Jews immigrating to the Land of Israel and achieving a new homeland without the straits of persecution.

HistoryEdit

Co-operativeEdit

The village was established as the Co-operative in Merhavia, a co-operative farm, at the beginning of 1911, based on the ideas of Franz Oppenheimer.[2] The founders had arrived in the area in 1910 and consisted of members of Kvutzat Kibush and workers of the Second Aliyah. It was supposed to operate as a co-operative farm with differential wages, and was founded with the assistance of Arthur Ruppin, Yehoshua Hankin, the Anglo-Palestine Bank and Eliyahu Blumenfeld. Alexander Baerwald designed and built the first solid buildings and the road net with a central square in 1915.[3]

MoshavEdit

In 1922 it was converted to a moshav ovdim[dubious ] after being joined by Polish-Jewish immigrants and residents of Tel Aviv who wanted to work in agriculture.[citation needed] According to a census conducted in the same year by the British Mandate authorities, the settlement had a population of 135 Jews.[4]

In 1929 a kibbutz, also by the name of Merhavia, was established next to the moshav.[citation needed][dubious ]

GalleryEdit

Notable residentsEdit

  • Henry Einspruch (1892–1977), a Galician-born Jew who converted to Lutheranism, becoming a Messianic missionary affiliated with the Hebrew Christian movement, best known for translating the Christian New Testament into Yiddish.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Population in the Localities 2019" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  2. ^ Co-operation in Palestine New York Times, 17 March 1914
  3. ^ Myra Warhaftig (in German) (Hebrew: מירה ווארהפטיג), "Alex Baerwald", in: id., Sie legten den Grundstein. Leben und Wirken deutschsprachiger jüdischer Architekten in Palästina 1918-1948, Berlin and Tübingen: Wasmuth, 1996, pp. 34-41, here p. 35. ISBN 3-8030-0171-4
  4. ^ "Palestine Census ( 1922)".

External linksEdit