A merchant cash advance (MCA) was originally structured as a lump sum payment to a business in exchange for an agreed-upon percentage of future credit card and/or debit card sales.[1] The term is now commonly used to describe a variety of small business financing options characterized by short payment terms (generally under 24 months) and small regular payments (typically paid each business day) as opposed to the larger monthly payments and longer payment terms associated with traditional bank loans. The term "merchant cash advance" may be used to describe purchases of future credit card sales receivables or short-term business loans.[citation needed]

Concept Edit

Merchant cash advance companies provide funds to businesses in exchange for a percentage of the businesses' daily credit card income, directly from the processor that clears and settles the credit card payment. A company's remittances are drawn from customers' debit and credit-card purchases on a daily basis until the obligation has been met. Most providers form partnerships with payment processors and then take a fixed or variable percentage of a merchant's future credit card sales.[2]

These merchant cash advances are not loans – rather, they are a sale of a portion of future credit and/or debit card sales. Therefore, merchant cash advance transactions are not subject to state usury laws that limit lenders from charging high-interest rates.[3] Critics argue that, as a consequence, they operate in a largely unregulated market and charge much higher rates than banks.[4] On 10 June 2016, a New York Supreme Court judge presiding over a published merchant cash advance case ruled that "if the transaction is not a loan, there can be no usury," adding also that asking the court to convert an agreement to sell future receivables into a loan agreement "would require unwarranted speculation."[5]

This structure may have some advantages over the structure of a conventional loan. Payments to the merchant cash advance company fluctuate directly with the merchant's sales volumes, giving the merchant greater flexibility with which to manage their cash flow, particularly during a slow season. Advances are processed quicker than a typical loan, giving borrowers quicker access to capital. Also, because MCA providers typically give more weight to the underlying performance of a business than the owner's personal credit scores, merchant cash advances offer an alternative to businesses who may not qualify for a conventional loan. An example transaction is as follows: A business sells $25,000 of a portion of its future credit card sales for an immediate $20,000 lump sum payment from a finance company. The finance company then collects its portion (generally 15-35%) from every credit card and/or debit card sale until the entire $25,000 is collected.[6]

Usage Edit

Merchant cash advances are most often used by retail businesses that do not qualify for regular bank loans and are generally more expensive than bank loans.[7] Competition and innovation led to downward pressure on rates and terms are now more closely correlated with an applicant's FICO score.[8]

Small businesses take out loans and cash advances when they believe that the opportunities offered by expanded financial assets will outweigh the costs. Small businesses that don't have the cash on hand to fund an expansion by themselves could rely on external funding, such as a merchant cash advance.[9]

Some advantages are fast approvals, funding within 2 days, minimal documentation, bad credit will not turn you down. Disadvantages include: Short repayment terms, anywhere between 4 and 18 months, daily or weekly payments, higher interest compared to traditional banks.

Midsize or small business owners who cannot qualify for traditional business loans have the ability to secure a Merchant Cash Advance (MCA) . However, obtaining one differs from obtaining a secured or unsecured loan.

References Edit

  1. ^ Tozzi, John (9 January 2009). "How Merchant Cash Advances Work". BusinessWeek. Archived from the original on 21 January 2009. Retrieved 11 July 2011.
  2. ^ Loten, Angus (18 August 2011). "The Lure of Cash Advances". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 18 August 2011.
  3. ^ Farrell, Maureen (31 January 2008). "Look Who's Making Coin Off The Credit Crisis". Forbes.com. Retrieved 11 July 2011.
  4. ^ Elizabeth S. Bennett and Nitasha Tiku. "Thanks, But No Thanks". Inc. Retrieved 4 December 2012.
  5. ^ Murray, Sean (11 June 2016). "Merchant Cash Advance Definitely NOT a Loan, New York Judge Rules". deBanked.com. Retrieved 7 December 2016.
  6. ^ Goodman, Michelle (11 June 2012). "Case Study: How A Merchant Cash Advance Worked in a Pinch". Entrepreneur.com. Retrieved 21 May 2013.
  7. ^ John Tozzi (9 January 2009). "How Merchant Cash Advances Work". Bloomberg. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  8. ^ "FICO Score". Investopedia. Retrieved 6 December 2021.
  9. ^ "Business finance and loans | Small Business Development Corporation". www.smallbusiness.wa.gov.au. Retrieved 6 December 2021.