Mercedes-AMG F1 W11 EQ Performance

The Mercedes-AMG F1 W11 EQ Performance is a Formula One racing car designed and constructed by the Mercedes-AMG Petronas F1 Team under the direction of James Allison, John Owen, Mike Elliott, Loïc Serra, Ashley Way, Emiliano Giangiulio, Jarrod Murphy and Eric Blandin to compete in the 2020 Formula One World Championship.[3][4][5][6] The car was driven by Lewis Hamilton and Valtteri Bottas, who remained with the team for an eighth and a fourth season, respectively.[7] 2020 Williams Racing driver and Mercedes protégé George Russell also drove for the team at the 2020 Sakhir Grand Prix after Hamilton was forced to miss that event having tested positive for SARS-2-coronavirus.[8] The car was planned to make its competitive debut at the 2020 Australian Grand Prix, but this was delayed when the race was cancelled and at least seven upcoming events on the calendar were postponed in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.[9][10] The F1 W11 made its competitive debut at the 2020 Austrian Grand Prix. The delay to the start of the season allowed the team to address concerns they had about the car's reliability.[11]

Mercedes-AMG F1 W11 EQ Performance
Lewis Hamilton 2020 Tuscan Grand Prix - race day (cropped).jpg
The Mercedes AMG F1 W11 Performance in its updated livery, driven by Lewis Hamilton during the 2020 Tuscan Grand Prix
CategoryFormula One
ConstructorMercedes
Designer(s)James Allison (Technical Director)
John Owen (Chief Designer)
Mike Elliott (Technology Director)
Loïc Serra (Performance Director)
Ashley Way (Deputy Chief Designer)
Emiliano Giangiulio (Head of Vehicle Performance)
Jarrod Murphy (Head of Aerodynamics)
Eric Blandin (Chief Aerodynamicist)
Andy Cowell (Lead Power Unit Designer)
PredecessorMercedes AMG F1 W10 EQ Power+
SuccessorMercedes-AMG F1 W12 E Performance
Technical specifications[1]
EngineMercedes-AMG F1 M11 EQ Performance (AMG HPP M11) 1.6 L (98 cu in), 90° - V6 turbocharged engine, limited to 15,000 RPM, in a mid-mounted, rear-wheel drive layout
Electric motorMotor Generator Unit–Kinetic (MGU-K),
Motor Generator Unit–Heat (MGU-H)
TransmissionMercedes co-developed with Xtrac 8-speed semi-automatic seamless-shift sequential gearbox + 1 reverse gear
BatteryMercedes lithium-ion battery solution
Power1,025 hp (764 kW)[2]
Weight746 kg (1,644.6 lb)
FuelPetronas Primax
LubricantsPetronas Syntium & Tutela
TyresPirelli P Zero (dry)
Pirelli Cinturato (wet)
ClutchZF carbon fibre reinforced carbon plate
Competition history
Notable entrantsMercedes-AMG Petronas F1 Team
Notable drivers44. Lewis Hamilton
63. George Russell
77. Valtteri Bottas
Debut2020 Austrian Grand Prix
First win2020 Austrian Grand Prix
Last win2020 Bahrain Grand Prix
Last event2020 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix
RacesWinsPodiumsPolesF/Laps
171325159
Constructors' Championships1 (2020)
Drivers' Championships1 (Lewis Hamilton, 2020)

The W11 took thirteen wins (eleven for Hamilton and two for Bottas), fifteen pole positions (ten for Hamilton and five for Bottas), nine fastest laps (six for Hamilton, two for Bottas and one for Russell), twelve front-row lockouts and five 1–2 finishes across 17 races. With it, Mercedes secured a seventh consecutive Formula One World Constructor's Championship, breaking a record for consecutive championships previously held by Ferrari. Due to its setting numerous track records (the outright fastest lap ever) at various Formula One circuits, the W11 is considered to be one of the greatest race cars of all time.[12]

BackgroundEdit

 
The W11 in its original livery, driven by Lewis Hamilton during the pre-season testing.

The W11 has a system which Mercedes had developed called Dual Axis Steering (DAS) which allowed the driver to adjust the toe of the front wheels to optimise mechanical grip by pulling or pushing on the steering wheel. DAS allowed the drivers to warm the car's tyres more efficiently by having a zero toe but allows for better cornering ability by using a positive toe, a feature which was of particular significance on circuits with long straights.[13] DAS was removed from the car after the 2020 championship as the system was banned for 2021.[14] The design of the rear suspension was changed from that used in the previous car with the goal of reducing understeer.[15]

Following the postponement of the season and the growing worldwide support for the Black Lives Matter movement, it was announced in late June the W11 would feature black as the primary colour instead of the traditional silver that was present on its predecessors. Driver Lewis Hamilton prompted the livery change, saying he wanted the team to show its support for the cause through more than just social media posts, which led to the idea to adopt a new livery and launch a drive to improve diversity within the team.[16]

Season summaryEdit

Opening roundsEdit

At the season-opening Austrian Grand Prix, Bottas qualified on pole position. Hamilton initially qualified in second place but prior to the race, he received a three-place grid penalty for failing to slow down sufficiently for yellow flags at the end of qualifying, dropping him to fifth.[17] Despite both drivers having to deal with gearbox issues which developed during the race, Bottas went on the win the race, the eighth of his career. Hamilton quickly recovered to second place but in the closing laps of the race received a five-second time penalty for causing a collision with Alexander Albon. Hamilton crossed the finish line in second but the penalty demoted him to fourth place.[18] Hamilton took pole position at the rain-affected qualifying session for the Styrian Grand Prix, over 1.2 seconds clear of nearest rival Max Verstappen.[19] Hamilton led most of the race and took the W11's second consecutive victory, whilst Bottas overtook Verstappen in the closing laps to finish second, having started fourth on the grid.[20]

At the Hungarian Grand Prix, the pace of the W11 was apparent when Mercedes easily took a 1–2 in qualifying, with Hamilton and Bottas outqualifying their nearest competitor, third-placed Lance Stroll, by more than a second. Hamilton took pole, 0.1 seconds ahead of Bottas.[21] Hamilton would go on to win the race for his second consecutive win and eighth overall at the Hungaroring equalling the record for most wins at one venue. Bottas made a mistake at the start when he moved slightly just before the lights went out and then stopped his car and got away slowly, falling to sixth by turn one. He avoided a penalty for a jump start and managed to recover to third place, finishing just behind second-placed Max Verstappen.[22] At the British Grand Prix, Hamilton led Mercedes to another front-row lockout by taking his third consecutive pole position over Bottas by over 0.3 seconds. Bottas took second by 0.7 seconds over Verstappen who qualified in third.[23] Lewis Hamilton led from pole position at the race start, building up a large lead throughout the race. In the dying stages of the Grand Prix, Bottas and Hamilton both suffered tyre delaminations on laps 50 and 52 respectively, which caused Bottas to come into the pits which made him drop to 11th place. Hamilton was forced to limp home with his delaminated tyre over the entire final lap, and the gap to second place shrank from 30 to about 6 seconds as Hamilton crossed the line.[24]

At the 70th Anniversary Grand Prix, Mercedes were once again unchallenged in qualifying as Bottas led Mercedes to another front-row lockout by edging Hamilton for pole position by only .063 seconds with Hülkenberg a further 0.8 seconds back.[25] Mercedes struggled with race pace due to high temperatures causing excessive tyre wear and blistering.[citation needed] As a result, Red Bull Racing driver Max Verstappen was able to take the lead of the race and win. This was the first time in 2020 that Mercedes failed to win a race.

Mid seasonEdit

At the Spanish Grand Prix, Mercedes continued their dominance in qualifying with Hamilton leading a fourth consecutive front-row lockout, qualifying 0.059 seconds faster than Bottas who was over 0.7 seconds faster than third-placed Verstappen.[26] Hamilton took the win in the race itself, leading every lap and coming home over 24 seconds clear of Verstappen in second. Furthermore, Hamilton also set a new Formula One record as he scored his 156th career podium finish, surpassing Michael Schumacher for most all-time. Bottas started poorly and dropped to fourth at the first corner. Although he was able to recover to regain third place, he was not able to overtake Verstappen and lost more ground to him in the drivers' championship.[27] At the Belgian Grand Prix, Hamilton set a new track record at the Circuit de Spa-Francorchamps with a time of 1:41.252, qualifying half a second clear of teammate Bottas in second.[28] The race saw the pair take a 1-2 finish, the team's second of the season, with Hamilton leading from lights to flag and Bottas holding second ahead of Red Bull's Verstappen. Hamilton extended his lead in the Drivers' Championship to forty-seven points over Verstappen in second and fifty points to Bottas in third. Likewise, Mercedes increased their lead in the Constructors' Championship to eighty-six points over second-paced Red Bull Racing heading into middle phase of the season.[29]

Closing roundsEdit

It was another front row lockout in Bahrain for Hamilton and Bottas. Hamilton won from pole at the Bahrain Grand Prix for the third time in his career but Bottas finished eighth after a puncture under the safety car. Hamilton was forced to miss the 2020 Sakhir Grand Prix following a positive test for coronavirus and was replaced by Williams driver and Mercedes young driver George Russell for that event. Russell started second and led most of the race having overtaken Bottas, who had taken pole,[30] at the start. At the second pit stop, Mercedes made an error and Russell was fitted with Bottas' tyres, forcing Russell to make another pit stop on the following lap, effectively ending his chances of winning the race. A late puncture then cost Russell a potential podium and he finished ninth with the fastest lap. Bottas finished the race in eighth, having poor performance and old tyres at the end of the race.[31] Hamilton returned for the season finale having performed a series of negative coronavirus tests ahead of the Abu Dhabi Grand Prix alongside Bottas, meaning Russell returned to Williams.[32] The Mercedes drivers took second and third on the grid behind Red Bull's Max Verstappen and held those positions during the race.

Complete Formula One resultsEdit

(key)

Year Entrant Engine Tyres Drivers Grands Prix Points WCC
AUT STY HUN GBR 70A ESP BEL ITA TUS RUS EIF POR EMI TUR BHR SKH ABU
2020 Mercedes AMG Petronas F1 Team Mercedes-AMG F1 M11 EQ Performance P Valtteri Bottas 1P 2 3 11 3P 3F 2 5 2 1F RetP 2 2P 14 8 8P 2 573 1st
Lewis Hamilton 4 1P 1PF 1P 2F 1P 1P 7PF 1PF 3P 1 1PF 1F 1 1P 3
George Russell 9F
Notes

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Coch, Mat (26 November 2018). "Pirelli to remain F1 tyre supplier until 2023". speedcafe.com. Speedcafe. Archived from the original on 21 August 2019. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  2. ^ "MERCEDES NEW ENGINE IN 2021 WITH MORE 25 HORSEPOWER – "PARTY MODE WHOLE RACE"!". F1Lead.com. 5 January 2021. Retrieved 27 May 2021.
  3. ^ "James Allison". Mercedes. Mercedes. 12 October 2017. Archived from the original on 28 April 2019. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
  4. ^ "John Owen". Mercedes F1. Retrieved 1 August 2020.
  5. ^ "Mike Elliott". Mercedes. Mercedes. Archived from the original on 28 April 2019. Retrieved 9 September 2018.
  6. ^ "Jarrod Murphy". LinkedIn.
  7. ^ "F1 – 2020 Provisional Entry List". Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile. 30 November 2019. Retrieved 30 November 2019.
  8. ^ "George Russell to replace Hamilton at Mercedes for Sakhir Grand Prix". Formula1.com. 2 December 2020. Retrieved 2 December 2020.
  9. ^ Coch, Mat (13 March 2020). "Confirmed: F1 cancelled at Australian Grand Prix". Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  10. ^ "Bahrain and Vietnam Grands Prix postponed". formula1.com. 13 March 2020. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  11. ^ Kalinauckas, Alex (25 November 2020). "How COVID-19 played a part in Mercedes' domination". autosport.com. Retrieved 25 November 2020.
  12. ^ "The Mercedes-AMG F1 W11 Is The Greatest Race Car Ever Made". Jalopnik. Retrieved 11 September 2021.
  13. ^ "DAS explained: what we know so far about Mercedes' steering system". www.formula1.com. Retrieved 21 February 2020.
  14. ^ Benson, Andrew (31 March 2020). "Formula 1: Mercedes revolutionary 'DAS' steering remains banned for 2021". BBC Sport. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  15. ^ Hughes, Mark (16 November 2020). "MPH: Hamilton's slick strategy — 'He just knows what to do'". Motor Sport. Retrieved 1 January 2021.
  16. ^ "Phone call from Hamilton led to Mercedes' black livery switch · RaceFans". RaceFans. 30 June 2020. Retrieved 8 February 2021.
  17. ^ "Hamilton handed three-place grid penalty for Austrian GP after Red Bull protest". formula1.com. Formula One. 5 July 2020.
  18. ^ "Bottas beats Leclerc and Norris to win dramatic Austrian GP as Hamilton is penalized". formula1.com. Formula One. 5 July 2020.
  19. ^ Collantine, Keith; Rencken, Dieter (11 July 2020). "Hamilton: Dominant pole position lap was "close to perfect"". racefans.net. Retrieved 12 July 2020.
  20. ^ Collantine, Keith (12 July 2020). "Hamilton wins as Bottas passes Verstappen for Mercedes one-two". racefans.net. Retrieved 12 July 2020.
  21. ^ "Qualifying report: Electric Hamilton beats Bottas to Hungarian Grand Prix pole". Formula1.com. 18 July 2020. Retrieved 19 July 2020.
  22. ^ "Hamilton romps to eighth Hungarian Grand Prix win, as Verstappen recovers to second". Formula1.com. 19 July 2020.
  23. ^ "Qualifying report: Hamilton recovers from spin to take record seventh Silverstone pole". Formula1.com. 1 August 2020.
  24. ^ "Race report: Hamilton limps home to take record 7 home gp wins". Formula1.com. 2 August 2020.
  25. ^ "Qualifying report: Bottas beats Hamilton to 70th Anniversary GP pole as Hulkenberg stars". Formula1.com. 8 August 2020. Retrieved 8 August 2020.
  26. ^ "FORMULA 1 ARAMCO GRAN PREMIO DE ESPAÑA 2020 - QUALIFYING". Formula1.com. 15 August 2020. Retrieved 17 August 2020.
  27. ^ "How the Spanish Grand Prix unfolded". bbc.co.uk/sport. 16 August 2020. Retrieved 17 August 2020.
  28. ^ "FORMULA 1 ROLEX BELGIAN GRAND PRIX 2020 - QUALIFYING". Formula1.com. 29 August 2020. Retrieved 31 August 2020.
  29. ^ "F1 Belgian GP: Daniel Ricciardo delivers as Lewis Hamilton points out Red Bull flaw". news.com.au/sport. 31 August 2020. Retrieved 2 September 2020.
  30. ^ "Bottas just beats Russell to Sakhir pole". BBC Sport.
  31. ^ Richards, Giles (6 December 2020). "Sergio Pérez wins Sakhir F1 GP after pit error robs George Russell". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 6 December 2020. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
  32. ^ "Lewis Hamilton to race at Abu Dhabi Grand Prix on Sunday". BBC Sport. 10 December 2020. Retrieved 15 March 2021.

External linksEdit

Awards
Preceded by Autosport
Racing Car of the Year

2020
Succeeded by