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Mell Gilbert Underwood (January 30, 1892 – March 8, 1972) was a United States Representative from Ohio and a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of Ohio.

Mell G. Underwood
Mell G. Underwood-npcc.09863.jpg
Underwood in 1923
Senior Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of Ohio
In office
December 31, 1965 – March 8, 1972
Chief Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of Ohio
In office
1953–1962
Preceded byRobert Reasoner Nevin
Succeeded byCarl Andrew Weinman
Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of Ohio
In office
February 12, 1936 – December 31, 1965
Appointed byFranklin D. Roosevelt
Preceded byBenson W. Hough
Succeeded byJoseph Peter Kinneary
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Ohio's 11th district
In office
March 4, 1923 – April 10, 1936
Preceded byEdwin D. Ricketts
Succeeded byPeter Francis Hammond
Personal details
Born
Mell Gilbert Underwood

(1892-01-30)January 30, 1892
Rose Farm, Ohio
DiedMarch 8, 1972(1972-03-08) (aged 80)
New Lexington, Ohio
Resting placeMaplewood Cemetery
Political partyDemocratic
EducationOhio State University Moritz College of Law
read law

Education and careerEdit

Born at Rose Farm in rural Morgan County, Ohio, Underwood attended the public schools. He was graduated from the New Lexington High School in 1911. He taught in the public schools of New Lexington for several years. Underwood studied at the Ohio State University Moritz College of Law at Columbus, and then read law to be admitted to the bar in 1915. He entered private practice in New Lexington from 1915 to 1923. He was a prosecuting attorney of Perry County, Ohio from 1917 to 1921.[1][2]

Congressional serviceEdit

Underwood was an unsuccessful Democratic candidate for election in 1920 to the 67th United States Congress. Eventually elected as a Democrat to the United States House of Representatives of the 68th United States Congress and the six succeeding Congresses, he served from March 4, 1923, to April 10, 1936. He was Chairman of the Committee on Invalid Pensions for the 72nd through the 74th United States Congresses.[1]

Federal judicial serviceEdit

On January 27, 1936, Underwood was nominated by President Franklin D. Roosevelt to a seat on the United States District Court for the Southern District of Ohio vacated by Judge Benson W. Hough. Underwood was confirmed by the United States Senate on February 4, 1936, and received his commission on February 12, 1936. He served as Chief Judge from 1953 to 1962, assuming senior status on December 31, 1965. Underwood served in that capacity until his death on March 8, 1972, on his farm near New Lexington and was buried nearby in Maplewood Cemetery.[1][2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c United States Congress. "Mell G. Underwood (id: U000012)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  2. ^ a b Mell Gilbert Underwood at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.>

SourcesEdit