Melito di Napoli

Melito di Napoli (Neapolitan: Melite 'e Napule) is a comune (municipality) in the Metropolitan City of Naples in the Italian region Campania, located about 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) north of Naples.

Melito di Napoli
Melite 'e Napule  (Neapolitan)
Town hall.
Town hall.
Location of Melito di Napoli
Melito di Napoli is located in Italy
Melito di Napoli
Melito di Napoli
Location of Melito di Napoli in Italy
Melito di Napoli is located in Campania
Melito di Napoli
Melito di Napoli
Melito di Napoli (Campania)
Coordinates: 40°55′N 14°14′E / 40.917°N 14.233°E / 40.917; 14.233Coordinates: 40°55′N 14°14′E / 40.917°N 14.233°E / 40.917; 14.233
CountryItaly
RegionCampania
Metropolitan cityNaples (NA)
Government
 • MayorAntonio Amente
Area
 • Total3.7 km2 (1.4 sq mi)
Elevation
89 m (292 ft)
Population
 (30 November 2015)[3]
 • Total37,861
 • Density10,000/km2 (27,000/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Melitesi
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
80017
Dialing code081
WebsiteOfficial website

Melito di Napoli borders the following municipalities: Casandrino, Giugliano in Campania, Mugnano di Napoli, Naples, Sant'Antimo.

HistoryEdit

According to historical documents, the origin of Melito is to be traced back to the emperor Frederick II, who declared Melito Casale di Napoli (Hamlet of Naples). It came to be known as  Casale di Napoli  up until 1800. Originally it was a small rural village in the north of the city; it was founded without bastions or fortresses, which leads us to infer the village was located in an essentially peaceful territory.

Another Historian derives the name Melito from Mellito which in Latin meant deep trench. At the time of the Duchy of Naples there used to be a border that limited the boundary between Naples and Capua and Melito was one of villages included, among other rural territories.

Monuments and LandmarksEdit

Features of interest are the main church Chiesa Santa Maria delle Grazie located in the central square Piazza Santo Stefano, named after the patron saint of Melito. Other Landmarks include the Colonne di Giugliano , two columns that are both a monument and  represent a geographical point of reference to locals and confining towns;  the Chiesa di San Vincenzo Romano, and a Commemorative Plaque -dating back to 1921- in memory of the soldiers fallen in The Great War.

SocietyEdit

Demographics and Foreign minoritiesEdit

Melito is one of the most densely populated municipalities in Italy and it can enumerate a vast percentage of  foreign minorities with residents from Ukraine, Burkina Faso, Bulgaria, India, Pakistan, Romania, Poland and China.

CultureEdit

Melito presents various elementary and lower secondary schools and a secondary school Liceo Immanuel Kant  that offers scientific, linguistic and human science educational offers.

The municipal library is located in the central square, Piazza Santo Stefano.

Typical foods and dishesEdit

Traditional dish in the area is Samurchio , a typical kind of cured meat prepared boiling pig's blood.

Although less cooked and consumed nowadays, Samurchio is a fundamental part of the melitese tradition and it is still possible to find some kiosks serving it according to the original recipe.

Melito in mediaEdit

Melito is referenced to in Gomorrah the bestselling book by writer and journalist Roberto Saviano and in the TV series based on the book, Gomorrah- The Series.

Events and FolkloreEdit

The local festival in honour of the patron saint of Melito, Santo Stefano, is held on the second Sunday in October and lasts for the whole week-end until the following Tuesday.

The festival is organised and patronised by local charities and the list of the events include musical concerts, gigs and an auction in which local products and plants are sold to the general public whose bids are donated to less well- off families and homeless people.

EconomyEdit

Melito is home to an important coffee company, Kimbo Caffè, a firm active nationwide and expanding abroad.


 
The main church in the central square

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ All demographics and other statistics: Italian statistical institute Istat.

External linksEdit

  Media related to Melito di Napoli at Wikimedia Commons