Mazabuka is a town in the Southern Province of Zambia. It is the capital of Mazabuka District, one of the thirteen administrative units in the Southern Province. The name Mazabuka originates from a Tonga local language word "kuzabuka" which means "To cross over the river". The name should have been "mwazabuka" which translates to "you have crossed". However, due assimilation, the name became "Mazabuka" which nonetheless translates to "you have crossed".It is believed that the name was coined after the Tonga people crossed the Kafue River near a place called Nanga during their migrations.[1]

sweetest town
Mazabuka is located in Zambia
Coordinates: 15°50′48″S 27°44′51″E / 15.84667°S 27.74750°E / -15.84667; 27.74750Coordinates: 15°50′48″S 27°44′51″E / 15.84667°S 27.74750°E / -15.84667; 27.74750
ProvinceSouthern Province
DistrictMazabuka District
1,067 m (3,501 ft)
 • Total71,700
Time zoneUTC+2 (CAT)


The town is located in Mazabuka District, in Zambia's Southern Province. The town lies on the south east edge of the Kafue Flats wetland, along the Lusaka–Livingstone Road. It is approximately 135 kilometres (84 mi), by road, southwest of Lusaka, the national capital and largest city.[2] The geographical coordinates of Mazabuka are:15°50'48.0"S, 27°44'51.0"E (Latitude:-15.846667; Longitude:27.747500).[3] Mazabuka sits at an average elevation of 1,067 metres (3,501 ft) above mean sea level.[4]


The town has grown around sugar cane plantations, and currently it hosts the headquarters of Zambia Sugar, the largest sugar-manufacturing company in Zambia, with annual output in excess of 318,467 tonnes (351,050 tons) of crystalline sugar annually.[5]


In 1990, the city had 24,596 people. In 2000, the town's population was 47,148 people. During the 2010 national census and household population survey, the city had 71,700 inhabitants.[6] The table below illustrates the same data in tabular format.

Year Population
1990 24,596[6]
2000 47,148[6]
2010 71,700[6]


Mazabuka is also connected to Lusaka and Livingstone, by railway.[7][8]


Mazabuka is home to two well known day schools, among others,in the province. Both are grant aided schools run by the Roman Catholic missionaries. These are St Edmunds Secondary School and Mazabuka Girls Secondary School. The two have the highest enrollment of grade eights(G8) from all the primary schools. Musikili Primary School is a private boarding school for children between 5 and 13 years old. Flamboyant School, is a school for children with disabilities and is located on the outskirts of the town. It is operated by the Mazabuka Association for the Disabled.[9]


Mazabuka is home to (a) Mazabuka Sugar Hospital for the management and staff of Zambia Sugar Plc[10] and (b) Mazabuka General Hospital for the general public.[11]

Notable peopleEdit

Munali Nickel MineEdit

In September 2006 following a positive feasibility study, Albidon Limited of Australia obtained permits and approvals to mine Nickel in Mazabuka.[12][13] The initial project development required more than U$180 million, which was funded by debt financing from Barclays Capital and the European Investment Bank and equity from Albidon Limited, JINCHUAN mining group of China and ZCCM Investment Holdings .[13]

In April 2007, then Zambian President, Levy Mwanawasa launched the Munali Nickel Project at a ground breaking ceremony. The mine would be built and operated under the venture's special purpose vehicle Albidon Zambia Limited (AZL).[14]

AZL commenced mining and production of nickel concentrates in April 2008.[14] Operations were suspended in 2009 because of poor market conditions.[13] From the peak of the Financial crisis of 2007 - 2008 the Mine would struggle for many years.[15]

It was briefly owned and run by JINCHUAN mining group of China from 2010. JINCHUAN would invest U$ 37 million and employ about 350 workers.[15] However, the mine was shut down again in 2011 due to cashflow problems.[16][17]

A joint venture Mabiza Resources between Consolidated Nickel Mines Plc of the United kingdom and CE Mining took ownership in 2014 but delayed capital injection which led the government of Zambia at the time to threaten repossession of the asset.[18][19] From 2015 the JV has placed in U$ 50 million investment to reboot operations at the Munali Nickel Mine.[20][18] The Mine recommenced operations in 2019.[19]

The mine is managed by an all-Zambian management team and currently has a workforce of 380 people, of which 10% are women.[19] Munali currently exports over 10% high quality Nickel concentrate. The mine is expected to generate 3,300t of Ni in 2020, which is anticipated to reach 4,000t in 2021. Although it is billed as a nickel project, Munali also contains commercial quantities of copper, cobalt and platinum group metals (PGMs).[13]

See Also: Mining in Zambia


  1. ^ Wilma S. Nchito (April 2010). "Migratory patterns in small towns: The cases of Mazabuka and Kalomo in Zambia". Environment & Urbanization. Sage Publications. 22 (1): 91–105. doi:10.1177/0956247810362846.
  2. ^ Google (25 May 2020). "Road Distance Between Lusaka And Mazabuka" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 25 May 2020.
  3. ^ Google (25 May 2020). "Location of Mazabuka, Zambia" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 25 May 2020.
  4. ^ Flood Map (25 May 2020). "Elevation of Mazabuka, Zambia". Retrieved 25 May 2020.
  5. ^ African Financials (12 November 2018). "Zambia Sugar averages 120 tons cane per hectare in FY'18". Retrieved 25 May 2020.
  6. ^ a b c d Central Statistical Office Zambia and City Population (14 July 2019). "Population of Zambian Cities and Urban Centres: Mazabuka". Retrieved 28 May 2020.
  7. ^ Romeo2Rio (25 May 2020). "Mazabuka–Lusaka By Rail". Retrieved 25 May 2020.
  8. ^ Zambia Railways (25 May 2020). "Zambia Railways Limited". Lusaka: Zambia Railways. Retrieved 25 May 2020.
  9. ^ Mazabuka Association for the Disabled (25 May 2020). "About Mazabuka Association for the Disabled". Mazabuka, Zambia: Mazabuka Association for the Disabled. Retrieved 25 May 2020.
  10. ^ Illovo Sugar (17 June 2014). "Njomona Clinic Becomes 'Zambia Sugar Hospital'". Durban, South Africa: Illovo Sugar Archives. Retrieved 25 May 2020.
  11. ^ Daniel Banda (21 February 2018). "CIDRZ Renovates Mazabuka General Hospital & Chongwe Urban Clinic Laboratories". Lusaka: Centre for Infectious Diseases Research in Zambia (CIDRZ). Retrieved 25 May 2020.
  12. ^ bloomberg (7 May 2022). "Company Profile". Retrieved 7 May 2022.
  13. ^ a b c d mining-technology (12 October 2020). "projects-munali_nickel". Retrieved 7 May 2022.
  14. ^ a b lusakatimes (18 April 2008). "albidon-nickel-mining-to-start-production-this-month". Retrieved 7 May 2022.
  15. ^ a b lusakatimes (26 March 2010). "RB re-opens Munali Nickel Mine". Retrieved 7 May 2022.
  16. ^ lusakatimes (27 February 2012). "2-investors-show-interest-nickel-simuusa". Retrieved 7 May 2022.
  17. ^ lusakatimes (24 November 2011). "sata-promises-restore-operations-munali-questions-source-hh-wealth". Retrieved 7 May 2022.
  18. ^ a b lusakatimes (1 September 2015). "well-repossess-munali-nickle-mine-yaluma". Retrieved 7 May 2022.
  19. ^ a b c globalminingreview (18 April 2019). "mabiza-resources-resumes-operations-at-the-munali-nickel-mine". Retrieved 7 May 2022.
  20. ^ lusakatimes (26 April 2017). "munali-nickel-mine-re-open". Retrieved 7 April 2022.

External linksEdit

External linksEdit