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Mayyazhippuzhayude Theerangalil

Mayyazhippuzhayude Theerangalil (On the Banks of the Mayyazhi) is a Malayalam language novel by M. Mukundan. Widely regarded as the author's magnum opus, the novel vividly describes the political and social background of Mahé (Mayyazhi), the former French colony, in the past, in a mystical way.[1] The novel was translated into English and French, both the versions winning accolades.[2]

Mayyazhippuzhayude Theerangalil
Mayyazhippuzhayude Theerangalil, book by M. Mukundan.jpg
41st anniversary edition cover
Author M. Mukundan
Country India
Language Malayalam
Genre Fiction
Publisher DC Books
Publication date
1974
Published in English
1999
Pages 304
ISBN 978-8-171-30231-4

Contents

Historic backgroundEdit

The novel is based upon the lives of a few families of Mahé enclave. The new generation in Mahé wanted to merge the French enclave with India. The older people were loyal to the French rulers and believed in a romantic charm of the colonial rule. Two persons called Kanaran and Dasan take leadership of the fight against the French. The novel includes finer details about the romance of French rule in Mahé. The streets of Mahé with French names revoke an old charm. There is a christian church and many Hindu temples mentioned in the story. The story describes the first revolution when the activists removed the national flag from one of the government offices. This revolution was certainly a failure as the French navy came and the activists fled across the Mahé Bridge. The second and final revolution was however successful and the French rulers escaped by ship.

Plot summaryEdit

The protagonist in the novel is a young Indian called Dasan who was born in French Mahé and got educated in Pondicherry. Even though he was offered a job in the French administration and assistance for higher education in Paris, he preferred to join the freedom struggle. He was attracted by communist ideology. He joins the freedom movement led buy Gandhian Kanaran. A pretty girl called Chandrika falls in love with him but he is not able to promise her a married life because of his commitment to the revolution. The French Judge sentences Dasan for 12 years of imprisonment but Dasan escapes captivity by walking across to the Indian union. Very soon he comes back to Mahé leading a group of volunteers and frees Mahé from the foreign rule. The French national flag is removed and the Indian national flag is hoisted on the administration buildings. In spite of being a local hero, he struggles for his livelihood as he refused to accept an employment and join the mainstream lifestyle. His girl friend is forced by her parents to marry another man and she commits suicide. Dasan also follows her way to reach the abode of the soul on the Velliyankallu island on Mahé coast.

CharactersEdit

  • Dasan, the protagonist
  • Chandrika, Dasan's girlfriend
  • Kunjananthan, Teacher of Dasan, revolutionary
  • Kanaretttan, freedom fighter
  • Mooppan, French administrator (Big Sayiv)
  • Unni Nair, French loyalist and bar owner
  • Writer Damu, Dasan's father
  • Pappan, revolutionary
  • Kunhichirutha, courtesan
  • Karunan, French officer
  • Kurumbi Amma, grandmother and French loyalist
  • Leslie, French magistrate
  • Achu, the village criminal
  • Chekku Mooppar, mayor
  • David, French officer
  • Kowsu, Dasan's mother
  • Kunjakkan, the lamp-lighter[3]
  • Kunjanan, French loyalist
  • Bharathan, Chandrika's Father
  • Leela, Chandrika's Mother

French named streets of MahéEdit

  • Rue de la Prison
  • Rue du Gouvernement
  • Due del'Eglise (Tellicherry Road)
  • Rue de la Residence[4]

TranslationsEdit

  • English: 1999. On the Banks of the Mayyazhi. Trans. Gita Krishnankutty. Chennai: Manas.
  • French: 2002. Sur les rives du fleuve Mahé. Trans. Sophie Bastide-Foltz. Actes Sud.

In popular cultureEdit

  • The characters of Mukundan in the novel are depicted in the form of a stone mural on Mahé Walk in Mahé. The Velliyankallu island described in the novel is also seen from the walkway.[5]
  • A short film in Malayalam language called BONJOUR MAYYAZHI tells the story of the characters of the novel Mayyazhippuzhayude Theerangalil coming back and questioning the novelist.[6]

ReferencesEdit