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Mayari is a deity of the moon in at least three ethnic peoples in the Philippines.

Mayari/Malyari/Malayari
Lunar deity
GenderFemale (Tagalog), Male (Kapampangan and Sambal)
RegionSouthern Tagalog, Pampanga, Zambales

Contents

In Tagalog mythologyEdit

In Tagalog mythology, Mayari was the daughter of Bathala, the king of the gods, to a mortal woman. Mayari is the Goddess of Combat, War, Revolution, Hunt, Weaponry, Beauty, Strength, Moon and Night. She is known as the most beautiful deity in Bathala's court.

In Tagalog mythology, she is usually depicted as a beautiful young maiden, a lone goddess of the moon and one of the three daughters of the supreme god Bathala by a mortal woman. She is also the goddess of revolutions, and right to equal rule. In one story, when Bathala went into deep slumber, she issued a proposal with Apolaki to rule the land equally, however, Apolaki chose to rule only as one. This led to a fierce divine war between the two sides, leading to Apolaki taking out one of Mayari's eyes. Shocked by what he had done, Apolaki apologized to Mayari and relented to Mayari's proposal. Since then, Apolaki ruled the earth every morning, while Mayari ruled the world every night, however, the light during night is dimmer because of Mayari's lost eye.

Mayari is also referred to as Kulalaying ("moon shadow"), Dalagang Binubukot ("cloistered maiden" or "veiled maiden") or simply Dalagang nasa Buwan ("Maiden of the Moon"). She is also venerated as the goddess of silver (pilak).[1] She is the sister of Tala, the goddess of stars and Adlaw (also known as Apolaki), god of the sun. However, in some mythology, Tala is Mayari's daughter. In others, and the most common, is that she is Tala and Hanan's sisters, while Apolaki is a nephew.[2]

In Kapampangan mythologyEdit

In Kapampangan mythology, Apûng Malyari is depicted as the moon god who lives in Mt. Pinatubo and ruler of the eight rivers. He was one of the two most powerful deities next only to the creator goddess. He had one daughter named Sisilim, who represented dusk and was greeted by the songs of the cicada upon her arrival.

In Sambal mythologyEdit

In Sambal mythology, Malayari is chief god of the Sambals, who premoniantly live in Zambales. He is the creator of all things, and the omnipotent ruler over life and death. Malayari is a compassionate and loving god, sending rain, health, wealth and abundance to those who deserve it, but punishing those who ignore his commandments.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Jean-Paul G. Potet (2017). Ancient Beliefs and Customs of the Tagalogs. Lulu Press Inc. p. 235. ISBN 9780244348731.
  2. ^ Jocano, F. Landa (1969). Outline of Philippine Mythology. Centro Escolar University Research and Development Center. pp. 11–12.