Massachusetts Department of Correction
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The Massachusetts Department of Correction is responsible for operating the prison system of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States. The Massachusetts Department of Correction is responsible for the custody of about 10,000 inmates (as of January 2016) throughout 16 correctional facilities  and is the largest agency in the state of Massachusetts, employing over 5,200 people (about 4,000 of whom are sworn correctional officers). The Massachusetts Department of Correction also has a fugitive apprehension unit, a gang intelligence unit, a K9 Unit, a Special Reaction Team (SRT), and a Tactical Response Team (TRT). Both of these tactical units are highly trained and are paramilitary in nature. The agency is headquartered in Milford, Massachusetts and currently headed by Commissioner Carol Mici.
|Massachusetts Department of Correction|
|Superseding agency||Massachusetts Department of Public Safety|
|Annual budget||$520 Million|
|Operations jurisdiction||Massachusetts, US|
|Map of Massachusetts Department of Correction's jurisdiction.|
|Size||7,840 square miles (20,300 km2)|
|Population||6,587,536 (2011 est.)|
|Legal jurisdiction||Commonwealth of Massachusetts|
|Parent agency||Executive Office of Public Safety|
|Specialized Teams||Tactical Response Team (TRT)
Special Response Team (SRT)
Tactical Reaction Team (TRT)
Hostage Negotiations Team (HNT)
High Risk Transportation (HRT)
Central Transportation Unit (CTU)
Inner Perimeter Security (IPS)
Radio Communications Unit
Honor Guard Unit
Fugitive Apprehension Unit
Office of Investigative Services (OIS)Communications Division
|Vehicles||Ford Crown Victoria Police Interceptor Ford E-Series Van|
|K9 Teams||Golden Retriever German Shepherd|
The Massachusetts Department of Correction's mission is to promote public safety by incarcerating offenders while providing opportunities for participation in effective programming designed to reduce recidivism.
Officer Rank StructureEdit
Only the ranks of Captain and below wear uniforms, the ranks and insignia are as shown below.
|Assistant Deputy Commissioner|
The following security levels are utilized by the Massachusetts Department of Correction.
MAXIMUM SECURITY: A custody level in which both design/construction as well as inmate classification reflect the need to provide maximum external and internal control and supervision of inmates primarily through the use of high security parameters and extensive use of internal physical barriers and check points. Inmates accorded this status present serious escape risks or pose serious threats to themselves, to other inmates, to staff, or the orderly running of the institution. Supervision of inmates is direct and constant.
- Maximum Facility: Souza-Baranowski Correctional Center, Massachusetts Correctional Institution - Cedar Junction.
MEDIUM SECURITY: A custody level in which design/construction as well as inmate classification reflect the need to provide maximum external and internal control and supervision of inmates. Inmates accorded to this status may present an escape risk or pose a threat to other inmates, staff, or the orderly running of the institution. Supervision remains constant and direct. Through an inmates willingness to comply with institutional rules and regulations, increased job and program opportunities exist.
- Medium Facilities: Old Colony Correctional Center, Bridgewater State Hospital, Massachusetts Correctional Institution - Concord, Massachusetts Treatment Center, Massachusetts Correctional Institution - Norfolk, North Central Correctional Institution, Lemuel Shattuck Hospital Correctional Unit, Massachusetts Correctional Institution - Framingham, and Massachusetts Correctional Institution - Shirley.
MINIMUM SECURITY: A custody level in which both the design/construction as well as inmate classification reflect the goal of returning to the inmate a greater sense of personal responsibility and autonomy while still providing for supervision and monitoring of behavior and activity. Inmates within this security level are not considered a serious risk to the safety of staff, inmates or to the public. Program participation is mandated and geared toward their potential reintegration into the community. Access to the community is limited and under constant direct staff supervision.
- Minimum Facilities: Massachusetts Alcohol, Substance Abuse Center at Plymouth - Plymouth, Boston Pre-Release Center, Northeastern Correctional Center, Pondville Correctional Center, South Middlesex Correctional Center.
PRE-RELEASE: A custody level in which both design/construction as well as inmate classification reflect the goal of restoring to the inmate maximum responsibility and control of their own behavior and actions prior to their release. Direct supervision of these inmates is not required, but intermittent observation may be appropriate under certain conditions. Inmates within this level may be permitted to access the community unescorted to participate in programming to include, but not limited to, work release, educational release, etc.
Prison overcrowding ratesEdit
The overcrowding rate is determined based on the average daily population of the facility divided by the number of beds (design capacity). The total custody overcrowding rate for DOC facilities as of January 1, 2016 was 123%. Currently, North Central Correctional Institution is the most overcrowded prison in the system at a 170% overcrowding rate.
- White (4,653)- 44%
- Black (2,947)- 28%
- Hispanic (2,964)- 25%
- Asian (137)- 1%
- Native American/Alaskan (63)- 0.7%
- Other (123)- 1.0%
- Male (9,906)- 93%
- Female (712)- 7%
Correction Officer Training AcademyEdit
The Department of Correction's training is conducted at the Department Headquarters located in Milford, MA. The academy consists of 10–12 weeks of paramilitary type training for new correction officer recruits. (The academy also trains Correctional Program Officers (CPO)). Recruits are taught the policies and procedures of the department, self-defense, firearms use, proper handcuffing and restraint techniques, proper emergency vehicle operations, suicide prevention, security operations, and many other topics. Once a recruit completes the academy he or she is sworn in as a Massachusetts State Correction Officer and is assigned to one of the state's seventeen correctional facilities to be further trained by a Field Training Officer (FTO). The field training program is similar to the type of training police departments use to train new police officers.
The Massachusetts Department of Correction's headquarters is located in Milford, Massachusetts.
50 Maple Street, Suite 3
Milford, MA 01757
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for the U.S., Regions, States, and Puerto Rico: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2008". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 9, 2009. Retrieved 2009-01-26.
- Massachusetts Department of Correction facilities list
- "." Massachusetts Executive Office of Public Safety and Security. Retrieved on December 7, 2009.
- Massachusetts Department of Correction policies - DOC 100
- Massachusetts Department of Correction policies - DOC 224 Uniforms
- Massachusetts Department of Correction Security Level page
- The Officer Down Memorial Page