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Masabumi Kikuchi (菊地 雅章 Kikuchi Masabumi, 19 October 1939 – 6 July 2015) was a Japanese jazz pianist and composer known for his eclectic music that ranges from vanguard classical to fusion and digital music. He worked with a large number of diverse musicians, including Lionel Hampton, Sonny Rollins, Woody Herman, Mal Waldron, Joe Henderson, McCoy Tyner, Gil Evans, Elvin Jones, Miles Davis, Gary Peacock, Paul Motian, Billy Harper and Hannibal Peterson.
|Birth name||Masabumi Kikuchi|
|Also known as||Poo Sun|
|Born||19 October 1939|
|Died||6 July 2015 (aged 75)|
Manhasset, New York, United States
|Associated acts||Lionel Hampton|
|Website||Official Site (Japanese)|
Masabumi Kikuchi was born in Tokyo in 1939, and lived his early life in World War II and post-war Japan. He studied music at the Tokyo Art College High School. After graduating, he joined Lionel Hampton's Japanese touring band. He died from a subdural hematoma on 6 July 2015 at a hospital in Manhasset, New York. At the time of his death, he lived in Manhattan, New York City.
|1970||Matrix||World||With Tetsuro Fushimi (trumpet), Hideyuki Kikuchi (alto sax), Akio Nishimura (tenor sax), Hironori Takiya (bass), Takahiro Suzuki (drums)|
|1970||Poo-Sun||Philips||With Kosuke Mine (soprano sax, alto sax), Hideo Ichikawa (electric piano, organ), Yoshio Ikeda (bass), Motohiko Hino and Hiroshi Murakami (drums), Keiji Kishida (percussion)|
|1974||East Wind||East Wind||With Terumasa Hino (trumpet), Kosuke Mine (tenor sax), Juini Booth (bass), Eric Gravatt (drums)|
|1978||But Not for Me||Flying Disk||With Gary Peacock (bass, percussion), Al Foster (drums, percussion), Badal Roy (tabla), Alyrio Lima (percussion), Azzedin Weston (percussion)|
|1980–81||Susto||CBS/Sony||With Terumasa Hino (cornet), Steve Grossman (soprano sax, tenor sax), Dave Liebman (soprano sax, tenor sax, flute), Richie Morales and Victor "Yahya" Jones (drums), Hassan Jenkins(bass), James Mason, Butch Campbell, Marlon Graves, Barry Finnerty and Billy Paterson (guitar), Alyrio Lima, Aiyb Dieng and Airto Moreira (percussion), Sam Morrison (soprano sax), Ed Walsh (synth programming)|
|1980–81||One-Way Traveller||CBS/Sony||With Terumasa Hino (cornet), Steve Grossman (soprano sax, tenor sax), Richie Morales and Victor "Yahya" Jones (drums), Hassan Jenkins(bass), James Mason, Butch Campbell, Marlon Graves, Gass Farkon, Billy Paterson and Ronald Drayton (guitar), Alyrio Lima, Aiyb Dieng and Airto Moreira (percussion), Sam Morrison (soprano sax)|
|1989–90||Dreamachine||Pioneer||With Bernie Worrell (synthesizer), Bootsy Collins (space-bass), Bill Laswell (bass), Nicky Skopelitis (guitar), Aiyb Dieng (percussion)|
|1993?||Feel You||Paddle Wheel||Trio, with James Genus (bass), Victor Jones (drums)|
|1996||Raw Material #1||Alfa||With Toshiyuki Goto, DJ Katsuya and DJ Hiro (mixing), Mike Barry (guitar), Scott Wozniak (keyboard), Aiyb Dieng (percussion), Papa Jube, Veronica White, Bongo Gaston and Jean Baaptiste (vocals), David Dyson (bass), William "Space Man" Paterson (guitar), Darryl Foster (tenor sax)|
|2002?||Slash Trio Vol. 2||3d|
|2002?||After Hours Vol. 2||Solo piano|
|2009||Sunrise||ECM||Trio, with Thomas Morgan (bass), Paul Motian (drums)|
|2012||Black Orpheus||ECM||Solo piano; in concert|
- Hozan Yamamoto + Masabumi Kikuchi – 銀界 / Silver World (Philips, 1971; reissued 1994) with Gary Peacock and Hiroshi Murakami
- Gary Peacock, Hiroshi Murakami, Masabumi Kikuchi - Eastward (CBS/Sony, 1970)
- Masabumi Kikuchi, Masahiko Togashi, Gary Peacock – Poesy : The Man Who Keeps Washing His Hands (Philips, 1971)
- Gary Peacock, Hiroshi Murakami, Masahiko Togashi, Masabumi Kikuchi – Voices (Sony, 1971)
- Masabumi Kikuchi + Gil Evans (Philips, 1972); Japanese big band with Billy Harper directed by Gil Evans
- Elvin Jones / Masabumi Kikuchi – Hollow Out (Philips, 1973)
- Terumasa Hino, Masahiko Togashi, Masabumi Kikuchi – Triple Helix (Enja, 1993)
- Masabumi Kikuchi/Ben Street/Thomas Morgan/Kresten Osgood - Kikuchi/Street/Morgan/Osgood, (Ilk music, 2015)
- First Meeting (Rec. 1990–91, Winter & Winter, 1997)
- Tethered Moon (King/Paddle Wheel, 1992, Evidence, 1993)
- Triangle (King/Paddle Wheel, 1993)
- Plays Jimi Hendrix+ (JASRAC/Polydor, 1997)
- Tethered Moon Play Kurt Weill (JMT, 1995; reissued on Winter & Winter, 2005)
- Chansons d’Édith Piaf (Winter & Winter, 1999)
- Experiencing Tosca (Winter & Winter, 2004)
With Pee Wee Ellis
- Blues Mission (Gramavision)
With Gil Evans
- Gil Evans Live at the Royal Festival Hall London 1978 (RCA, 1979)
- Live at the Public Theater (New York 1980) (Trio, 1981)
With Joe Henderson
- Joe Henderson and Kikuchi, Hino in Concert (Rec. 1971, Fontana, 1974)
With Terumasa Hino
With Helen Merrill
With Paul Motian
- Trio 2000 + One (Winter & Winter, 1997)
- Live at the Village Vanguard (Winter & Winter, 2006)
- Live at the Village Vanguard Vol. II (Winter & Winter, 2006)
- Live at the Village Vanguard Vol. III (Winter & Winter, 2006)
With Takeshi Shibuya
- Tandem (Universal)
With Mal Waldron
- Mal: Live 4 to 1 (Philips, 1971)
Legacy in New York State Property LawEdit
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In the late 1970s, Kikuchi lived in New York City and rented a loft apartment on W. 20th Street. The large apartment, over 1700 square feet, was in a formerly commercial building adapted to artists spaces and mixed studio and apartment space. His space was filled with musical instruments and recording equipment; a creative work space as well as living space. In late 1977, a health spa equipment sales business moved into the floor above Kikuchi's studio. A series of damaging water leaks, noise, and eventually large scale building renovations began. These leaks and activities severely interfered with his work and daily living; Eventually Kikuchi sued his landlord asserting that the combined events and activities breached the covenant of quiet enjoyment of his apartment. Importantly, he also claimed that the construction work effectively excluded his use of a generous swath of the loft apartment, that is he was constructively evicted by the landlord's acts and failure to act (related to the upstairs tenant). Despite the massive disruptions, he continued living in the apartment during the legal dispute. At common law, an essential element of claiming constructive eviction is the tenant's moving out; The logic of the common law rule is rooted in proof: the landlord's actions must be so severe and materially impact the tenant that no one would continue to stay there under the circumstances.
The case was finally decided by the N.Y. Appellate Division in 1988. The Court's ruling in favor of Kikuchi established the notion of partial constructive eviction; that is, a partial exclusion from the quiet use and enjoyment of the property. The rule established in this case entitled a partially constructively evicted tenant to a pro rata rent reduction in proportion to the portion of the property they were unable to use. Importantly, the court held that leaving the premises was not required under this new concept. This rule has not been widely adopted in the United States and is a minority rule. The case, 528 N.Y.S.2d 554 (App. Div. 1988) is featured in contemporary property law case books to illustrate the concept of partial constructive eviction.
- "Masabumi Kikuchi (1939-2015)". Ecmrecords.com. Retrieved 2016-06-28.
- "Masabumi Kikuchi, Jazz Pianist Who Embraced Individualism, Dies at 75". The New York Times. Retrieved 2016-06-28.
- Cook, Richard; Morton, Brian (1996). The Penguin Guide to Jazz on CD (3rd ed.). Penguin. pp. 747–748. ISBN 978-0-14-051368-4.
- Jurek, Thom. "Masabumi Kikuchi: Sunrise". AllMusic. Retrieved 4 February 2019.
- Jurek, Thom. "Masabumi Kikuchi: Black Orpheus". AllMusic. Retrieved 4 February 2019.