Mary Elizabeth Frederica Mackenzie

Hon. Mary Elizabeth Frederica Mackenzie (27 March 1783 – 28 November 1862) was the eldest daughter and heiress of Francis Mackenzie, 1st Baron Seaforth. Also known as "Lady Hood Mackenzie", or by the sobriquet "The Hooded Lassie", she was married in turn to Vice Admiral Sir Samuel Hood and James Alexander Stewart of Glasserton.

Mary Stewart-MacKenzie
Mary Elizabeth Frederika Mackenzie.jpg
Mary Mackenzie by Thomas Lawrence
Born
Mary Elizabeth Frederica Mackenzie

(1783-03-27)27 March 1783
Died28 November 1862(1862-11-28) (aged 79)
Spouse(s)
(m. 1804; died 1814)

(m. 1817; died 1843)
Children5, including Louisa
Parent(s)Francis Mackenzie, 1st Baron Seaforth
Mary Proby
RelativesJames Stewart-Mackenzie, 1st Baron Seaforth (grandson)

Early lifeEdit

Mary was born at Tarradale on 27 March 1783.[1] She was the eldest daughter, and heiress, of Mary (née Proby) and Francis Mackenzie, 1st Baron Seaforth, chief of the Highland Clan Mackenzie, as which he raised the renowned 78th (Highlanders) Regiment of Foot. Her only sibling to marry was Helen Anne Mackenzie, the wife of Joshua Henry Mackenzie, Lord Mackenzie.[2][3]

Her paternal grandparents were Maj. William Mackenzie (a grandson of Kenneth Mackenzie, 4th Earl of Seaforth and Lady Frances Herbert) and the former Mary Humberston (the daughter and heiress of Matthew Humberston of Humberston).[4] Her maternal grandparents were Mary (née Russel) Proby and The Very Rev. Baptist Proby, 7th Dean of Lichfield (and brother of John Proby, 1st Baron Carysfort). Her uncle was Rev. Charles Proby, the Canon of Windsor.[5]

Personal lifeEdit

Mary was twice married. She married her first husband, Vice Admiral Sir Samuel Hood, 1st Baronet of the Royal Navy on 6 November 1804 at Saint Michael, Barbados. He was a brother of Capt. Alexander Hood and had been one of Nelson's captains, the famous 'band of brothers'.[6] Sir Samuel, who was also Member of Parliament for Westminster, died, without issue, on 24 December 1814.[1]

Less than a month later, her father died on 11 January 1815. Mary succeeded her father and became heiress of his estate; however, his title became extinct as all four of Mary's brothers predeceased her father.[1]

Second marriageEdit

She married James Alexander Stewart of Glasserton, the son of Vice Admiral The Hon. Keith Stewart and a grandson of the Alexander Stewart, 6th Earl of Galloway. Her husband served as a Member of Parliament for Ross-shire and Ross and Cromarty before becoming the 7th Governor of British Ceylon. Together, they were the parents of:[7]

Her husband died on 24 September 1843.[7] Mary died on 28 November 1862 and was buried at Fortrose.[6]

LegacyEdit

Mackenzie was the subject of a portrait by Sir Thomas Lawrence and a prophecy attributed to the Brahan Seer.[6] She was also responsible for introducing the first evangelical Calvinist preachers to the Isle of Lewis.

Mackenzie was Walter Scott's prototype for Ellen in his narrative poem The Lady of the Lake.[12]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Mackenzie, Mary Elizabeth Frederica Stewart-, Lady Hood (1783–1862)". www.oxforddnb.com. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 5 June 2020.
  2. ^ Cumming, Constance Frederica Gordon (1904). Memories. Blackwood. p. 28.
  3. ^ The Scots Magazine. Sands, Brymer, Murray and Cochran. 1821. p. 189.
  4. ^ "Seaforth, Earl of (S, 1623 - forfeited 1716)". www.cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Heraldic Media Limited. Retrieved 5 June 2020.
  5. ^ Fasti Wyndesorienses, May 1950. S. L. Ollard. Published by the Dean and Canons of St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle
  6. ^ a b c "Mary Elizabeth Frederica Stewart-Mackenzie (1783–1862), Lady Hood". artuk.org. Art UK. Retrieved 5 June 2020.
  7. ^ a b c Lodge, Edmund; Innes, Anne; Innes, Eliza; Innes, Maria (1856). The Peerage of the British Empire as at Present Existing: Arranged and Printed from the Personal Communications of the Nobility ... Saunders and Otley. p. 251.
  8. ^ Debrett's Peerage, Baronetage, Knightage, and Companionage: Comprising Information Concerning All Persons Bearing Hereditary Or Courtesy Titles, Knights, and Companions of All the Various Orders, and the Collateral Branches of All Peers and Baronets. Dean & Son, Limited. 1902. p. 352.
  9. ^ Drawings, British Museum Department of Prints and; Howe, Edward Russell James Gambier (1903). Catalogue of British and American Book Plates Bequeathed to the Trustees of the British Museum by Sir Augustus Wollaston Franks. Order of the Trustees, Sold at the British Museum. p. 21.
  10. ^ Burke, Bernard (1871). A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Landed Gentry of Great Britain & Ireland. Harrison. p. 887.
  11. ^ "Ashburton, Baron (UK, 1835)". www.cracroftspeerage.co.uk. Heraldic Media Limited. Retrieved 5 June 2020.
  12. ^ Surtees, Virginia (2004). "Baring [née Stewart-Mackenzie], Louisa Caroline, Lady Ashburton (1827–1903)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/50780. Retrieved 20 July 2017. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)

External linksEdit