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Marri-Bugti Country

Marri-Bugti Country (Marri and Bugti Country) was a tribal region during the British occupation of Baluchistan. Marris and Bugtis are the strongest Baloch tribes in the Balochistan. The Marris occupied 8,460 square kilometres (3,268 sq mi) in the north, while the Bugtis occupied 10,000 square kilometres (3,861 sq mi) in the south. Today, the region is divided into three districts: Kohlu, Dera Bugti and Sibi.[1]

Marri-Bugti Country
Subdivision of Pakistan
1877–14 October 1955
CapitalSibi
Area 
• 
7,129 km2 (2,753 sq mi)
History 
• Established
1877
• Disestablished
14 October 1955
Today part of Pakistan

HistoryEdit

The Marris and Bugtis first met the British when a Major Billamore entered their territory during the First Anglo-Afghan War. In April 1840, Captain Lewis Brown was sent to occupy Kahan but surrendered to Marri Chief Doda Khan five months later. Meanwhile, Bugtis had trouble with Sir Charles Napier and General John Jacob came greater trouble with both tribs. In 1845 after the treaty was signed which shows that both tribs were supported financially by Khan of Kalat.

PopulationEdit

By 1901, the total population of the Country was around 39,000, of which 19,000 or so were Marri, 18,500 Bugti, and 415 Hindu.[citation needed] Most inhabitants were nomadic.

The Marris were divided into three sub-clans: the Bahawalanzai from the Ghazini clan and the Sherzai and Bijarani from the Loharani clan. The Bugti clans were Pairozani Nothani, Durragh Nothani, Kalpar, Mondrani, Shambhani Mareta, Masori and Rahija.

See alsoEdit

BibliographyEdit

  • Ancient Pakistan - an Archaeological History
  • Balochistan Through the Ages: Geography and history
  • Baluchistan District Gazetteer Series: Sibi
  • Imperial Gazetteer of India
  • Indus age: the beginnings
  • World Writers on Pakistan
  • Populations of the SAARC Countries: Bio-cultural Perspectives
  • Envoy of the Raj
  • SAGE Series in Human Rights Audits of Peace Processes: Five-Volume Set
  • Census of India, 1921: Baluchistan
  • Imperial Mappings

Further readingEdit

  • Report of the Indian Statutory Commission ... By Great Britain Indian Statutory Commission, John Allsebrook Simon Simon
  • Balochistan Through the Ages: Selection from Government Record. By Baluchistan (Pakistan)
  • Matheson, Sylvia A. The Tigers of Baluchistan. London: Arthure Barker Limited (1967). Reprint: Oxford University Press, Karachi (1998), ISBN 0-19-577763-8.