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Max Marlin Fitzwater (born November 24, 1942) is an American writer-journalist who served as White House Press Secretary for six years under U.S. Presidents Ronald Reagan and George H. W. Bush, making him one of the longest-serving press secretaries in history. He is the only U.S. Press Secretary to be appointed by two different U.S. Presidents (Stephen Early and Pierre Salinger served as transition press secretaries for a few weeks and a few months, respectively).
|White House Press Secretary|
February 1, 1985 – January 20, 1993
George H. W. Bush
|Preceded by||Larry Speakes (acting)|
|Succeeded by||Dee Dee Myers|
Max Marlin Fitzwater
November 24, 1942
Salina, Kansas, U.S.
|Education||Kansas State University (BA)|
|Branch/service||United States Air National Guard|
Early life and educationEdit
Fitzwater was born in a Salina, Kansas hospital; his family's farm was in Dickinson County. He attended school in Abilene, Kansas from kindergarten to his graduation in 1960. He received a degree in journalism from Kansas State University in 1965. Fitzwater became a member of Delta Tau Delta Fraternity and also served in the United States Air National Guard. While in school, he worked at newspapers (Lindsborg News Record, Abilene Reflector-Chronicle, Manhattan Mercury, and Topeka Capital Journal) in various Kansas communities before moving to Washington, D.C. upon graduation.
Career in the governmentEdit
In Washington, Fitzwater served at various federal agencies, including the Appalachian Regional Commission (1965–67), the U.S. Department of Transportation (1970–72), and the Environmental Protection Agency (1972–80). He was the spokesman who explained the toxic waste disposal problem in America and developed the public information activities related to disaster sites like Love Canal in New York State. Fitzwater was named Outstanding Civil Servant in government in 1980. He served as Deputy Assistant Secretary for Public Affairs at the Department of the Treasury from 1981 to 1982.
Fitzwater headed to the White House in 1983 and served until 1993: He served in the Reagan White House as president's spokesman under the title Assistant to the President for Press Relations from 1987 to 1989, until Reagan left office in 1989. He served under George H.W. Bush as Assistant to the President and Press Secretary, later as communications director "Counselor to the President President Bush, until Bush left office in 1993.
Assistant to the President for Press Relations under ReaganEdit
When James Brady was shot in the assassination attempt on President Reagan on March 30, 1981, Brady was unable to return to work, though he retained the title of Press Secretary for the duration of Reagan's term.
Fitzwater served as the president's spokesman during this period, under the title of Assistant to the President for Press Relations. He served in this capacity until Reagan left office in 1989.
Press Secretary under George H.W. BushEdit
When George H.W. Bush took over as president in 1989, Fitzwater was again tapped to be the presidential spokesman, this time with the title of Assistant to the President and Press Secretary. Later in the administration, Fitzwater became communications director for about a year under the title Counselor to the President.
Fitzwater was awarded the Presidential Citizens Medal, the nation's second-highest civilian award, in 1992.
He worked on The West Wing as a writer-consultant for two television seasons.
Fitzwater has been profiled numerous times on television and has appeared on Meet the Press, Face the Nation, Larry King Live, and nearly all national news broadcasts.
|Booknotes interview with Fitzwater on Call the Briefing!, November 5, 1995, C-SPAN|
Call the Briefing! is a best-selling memoir of ten years in the White House; called the textbook of White House press relations.
Lawson, Robert with Marlin Fitzwater. Empires Fall. A stage play about President George H.W. Bush and Gen. Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev. 2001.
Fitzwater, Marlin. Death in the Polka Dot Shoes CCB Publishing; 1 edition (July 1, 2011) CCB Publishing; 1 edition (July 1, 2011)
Official Personnel Certificates Citing Presidential Appointments, 1983-93. Reagan Presidential Library, Simi Valley, CA; and Bush Presidential Library, College Station, TX.
- Appointment of Marlin Fitzwater as Assistant to the President for Press Relations
- "Weddings of the Year", People, July 5, 1999.