Marlborough Street Magistrates Court was a court of law at 19–21 Great Marlborough Street, Soho London, between the early 19th and late 20th centuries. It was designed by the Surveyor to the Metropolitan Police, John Dixon Butler. The court saw many significant trials, including those of Oscar Wilde, Christine Keeler, Keith Richards and John Lennon. The court closed in 1998 and is now The Courthouse Hotel London, a 5-star hotel next to London Palladium Theatre, and opposite Carnaby Street and Liberty London.
|Marlborough Street Magistrates Court|
|Location||19–21 Great Marlborough Street, Soho, London, England, United Kingdom|
|Design and construction|
|Architect(s)||John Dixon Butler|
|Number of rooms||108 rooms and 9 suites, total 116|
|Number of suites||9|
|Number of restaurants||2 restaurants, 2 bars|
The building has a turbulent history from its time as the Marlborough Street Magistrates Court, which set the scene for many famous cases over the years, involving figures such as John Lennon, Oscar Wilde, Johnny Rotten, Mick Jagger and Keith Richards.
In 1835 Charles Dickens worked as a reporter in the building for the Morning Chronicle, and Louis Napoleon appeared in court as witness in a fraud case between attempts to establish a second empire in France in 1847. In 1895 Oscar Wilde took the Marquess of Queensbury to court on a criminal libel charge. The current building was designed between 1912-1913 by the Surveyor to the Metropolitan Police, John Dixon Butler.
In 1963 Christine Keeler was taken to court over sex allegations which led to the Profumo scandal becoming public. In 1966 Bob Monkhouse faced a charge of conspiracy to defraud film distribution companies, and in 1967 former television presenter Katie Boyle gave evidence against a man facing careless driving charges after an accident. The building was centre to Mick Jagger's 1969 court case in which he was fined £200 for drugs charges. In 1973 fellow Rolling Stones member Keith Richards was fined £205 for possession of marijuana, heroin, mandrax, a revolver and an antique shotgun.
In 1970 John Lennon was taken to court for exhibiting pictures deemed too sexually explicit in the London Art Gallery at 22 New Bond Street, and artist Francis Bacon was accused of possessing cannabis. In 1971 songwriter Lionel Bart was taken to the courthouse charged with drug possession and in 1977 Sex Pistols singer Johnny Rotten was fined £40 for possessing amphetamine sulphate. The last notable case before it became a hotel was in 1981 when John Miller, who masterminded the kidnapping of Ronnie Biggs, appeared in court after being arrested on arrival back from Barbados.
The Magistrates Suites are located in the high-ceiling Judges quarters on the first, second and third floor of the original building, and contain the original Robert Adams fireplaces and oak flooring.
- "London Metropolitan Archives: Records of Marlborough Street Magistrates Court, 1896–1991". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
- "Courthouse Hotel London". Miles Faster. Retrieved 26 February 2010.
- "The Courthouse Hotel history". The Courthouse Hote London. Retrieved 26 February 2010.
- Historic England. "19-21 Great Marlborough Street (Grade II) (1066742)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 23 January 2021.