Mark Steven Sandy is an American career official with the U.S. federal government. He served as acting director of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) from January 20 to February 16, 2017.[2] As of November 2019, he was the Deputy Associate Director for National Security Programs at OMB.[3]

Mark Sandy
Director of the Office of Management and Budget
In office
January 20, 2017 – February 16, 2017
PresidentDonald Trump
Preceded byShaun Donovan
Succeeded byMick Mulvaney
Personal details
Born1964/1965 (age 54–55)[1]
EducationDavidson College (BA)
University of Oxford (BA)
Princeton University (MPA)

Early life and educationEdit

Sandy grew up in Greater Deyerle, Roanoke, Virginia, the youngest of three children. He completed high school at North Cross School in Roanoke, Virginia, graduating with the class of 1984 as valedictorian, having served as class president and chairman of the North Cross Honor Council. The school bestowed on him with Thomas Slack Award, named after a former headmaster, and awarded for "citizenship and strength of character."[4]

At Davidson College, Sandy earned a bachelor's in politics and economics in 1987 and was president of the student government association.[1] He went on to earn a second bachelor's in philosophy, politics and economics at the University of Oxford on a Marshall Scholarship that he'd won in 1985.[1][5] He then earned a Master of Public Administration from the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University in 1991 on a Truman Scholarship.[6] After graduating, he was nominated for a Henry Luce Scholarship for a placement at the Institute for International Policy Studies in Tokyo from 1991 to 1992.[7]


Sandy is a career official with the U.S. federal government. He has served under both Republican and Democratic administrations. By 2019 he had become a senior career official at the Office of Management and Budget, senior enough so that he served as acting director early in the Trump administration, before political appointees were hired. In testifying during the impeachment inquiry, Sandy became the first OMB official to meet with investigators after higher ranking political appointees fought subpoenas and refused to provide requested documents.[8]

Sandy was signatory on at least one "apportionment letter" that delayed the release of military aid to Ukraine in 2019.[3] On November 16, 2019, he testified in a deposition that Trump did in fact enact an unusual freeze in aid to Ukraine.[9][10]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c "Amelia Zurcher and Mark S. Sandy, Marshall Scholars, Planning to Marry". The New York Times. July 23, 1989.
  2. ^ "Budgetary Impact Analysis for Executive Order Entitled "Minimizing the Economic Burden of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act Pending Repeal"" (PDF). (Press release). Office of Management and Budget. January 26, 2017. Retrieved February 11, 2017.
  3. ^ a b Werner, Erica (November 14, 2019). "Career White House budget official expected to break ranks, testify in impeachment inquiry". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 15, 2019.
  4. ^ Casey, Dan (November 21, 2019). "North Cross community lauds alum who testified". The Roanoke Times.
  5. ^ "Search Our Scholars". The Harry S. Truman Scholarship Foundation.
  6. ^ "Truman Scholars". Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs. Princeton University.
  7. ^ "Mark Sandy". Luce Scholar Directory. The Henry Luce Foundation, Inc. Retrieved November 15, 2019.
  8. ^ Wallace, Gregory; Marsh, Rene; Murray, Sara (November 16, 2019). "Senior OMB official set to testify behind closed doors in Saturday deposition". CNN.
  9. ^ Mascaro, Lisa; Jalonick, Mary Clare; Balsamo, Michael (November 16, 2019). "Testimony ties president closer to pressure on Ukraine". Star Tribune. Minneapolis, MN. Associated Press.
  10. ^ Raju, Manu; Fox, Lauren; Mattingly, Phil; Stracqualursi, Veronica (November 16, 2019). "WH budget official lays out unusual process in freeze of Ukraine aid for impeachment investigators". CNN.

Political offices
Preceded by
Shaun Donovan
Director of the Office of Management and Budget

Succeeded by
Mick Mulvaney