Marius Sestier

Marius Ely Joseph Sestier (8 September 1861 – 8 November 1928)[1] was a French cinematographer. Sestier was best known for his work in Australia, where he shot some of the country's first films.

Marius Sestier
Marius Sestier 1896.jpg
Sestier in 1896, photographed by Henry Walter Barnett
Born
Marius Ely Joseph Sestier

(1861-08-08)8 August 1861
Died8 November 1928(1928-11-08) (aged 67)
OccupationCinematographer, pharmacist

Born in Sauzet, Drôme, Sestier was a pharmacist by profession.[1] He was employed by early filmmakers the Lumière brothers (Auguste and Louis Lumière) to demonstrate their cinématographe abroad.[2] In this capacity he travelled to India in June 1896,[3] where he held a showcase of six short films made by the Lumière brothers at Watson's Hotel, Bombay on 7 July 1896;[4] this was the first time moving pictures had been shown in India.[5] Sestier also shot his own films while in Bombay, but the Lumière brothers rejected these for their catalogue as they were not satisfied with the quality as French customs had opened the package of undeveloped film.[6]

After Sestier completed his work in India he travelled to Sydney where he met with Australian photographer Henry Walter Barnett, who had darkroom facilities to develop films locally.[7]

In September 1896 Sestier, Barnett and Charles Westmacott opened Australia's first cinema, the Salon Lumière in Pitt Street, Sydney.[8][9][10] Sestier and Barnett began making their own films, starting with a short film of passengers disembarking from the ship PS Brighton in Manly, which was the first film shot and screened in Australia.[11] Sestier and Barnett made approximately 19 films together in Sydney and Melbourne,[11] most notably a film of the 1896 Melbourne Cup horse race. The feature, which consisted of 10 one-minute films shown in chronological order (separate films were required due to limitations of cameras of the time),[2] was premiered at the Princess Theatre, Melbourne on 19 November 1896,[12] with Sestier giving an accompanying lecture. It was covered in the Australian press, including The Age and The Bulletin, and has been cited as Australia's first film production.[2]

After his business partnership with Barnett ended Sestier continued to tour Australia, demonstrating the cinématographe and showcasing films until May 1897. After returning to France he went on to become director of the Lumière Patents Company.[3]

FilmographyEdit

AustraliaEdit

Title Cast Genre Notes
1896 Sydney
Passengers Alighting from Ferry Brighton at Manly Short documentary 24 November IMDb
New South Wales Horse Artillery in Action Short documentary 24 November IMDb
Patineur Grotesque Short comedy IMDb
1896 Melbourne
Victoria Derby Lady Brassey[13] Sport documentary filmed on 31 October[3]
The Melbourne Cup Henry Walter Barnett, Lord Brassey Sport documentary 24 November IMDb

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Raynal, Cécile (April 2010). "Un pharmacien des Lumière: Marius Sestier (1861–1928)". Revue d'Histoire de la Pharmacie. Société d'Histoire de la Pharmacie. 58 (365): 7–30. Retrieved 10 March 2014. Extract at Sauzet en Drôme Provençale.
  2. ^ a b c FitzSimons, Trish; Laughren, Pat; Williamson, Dugald (2011). Australian Documentary: History, Practices and Genres. Melbourne: Cambridge University Press. pp. 33–34. ISBN 9780521167994.
  3. ^ a b c Long, Chris; McKernan, Luke (February 2010). "Marius Sestier". Who's Who of Victorian Cinema. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  4. ^ Kumar, Anuj (15 February 2013). "Indian cinema one of the most generous in the world today". The Hindu. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  5. ^ Ganti, Tejaswini (2011). Bollywood: A Guidebook to Popular Hindi Cinema. New York: Routledge. p. 6. ISBN 9780415583848.
  6. ^ Barnouw, Erik (1993). Documentary: A History of the Non-fiction Film (2nd revised ed.). New York: Oxford University Press. p. 15. ISBN 0195078985.
  7. ^ Martin-Jones, Tony (2020). "The meeting of Marius Sestier and H. Walter Barnett". apex net au tmj. Retrieved 21 October 2020.
  8. ^ De Serville, Paul H (1979). "Barnett, Henry Walter (1862–1934)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. National Centre of Biography, Australian National University. Retrieved 21 October 2020.
  9. ^ Fulloon, Gillian (1990). "Westmacott, Charles Babington (1864–1934)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. National Centre of Biography, Australian National University. Retrieved 21 October 2020.
  10. ^ "Marius Sestier Collection". Australia: National Film and Sound Archive. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  11. ^ a b Jackson, Sally (1 September 2010). "Patineur Grotesque: Marius Sestier and the Lumière Cinématographe in Australia, September–November 1896". Screening the Past. La Trobe University. Retrieved 10 March 2014.
  12. ^ Jackson, Sally (1 November 2013). "Melbourne Cup fashion, 1896". Australia: National Film and Sound Archive. Retrieved 11 March 2014.
  13. ^ "DERBY DAY". The Argus (Melbourne). No. 15, 707. Victoria, Australia. 2 November 1896. p. 5. Retrieved 15 October 2020 – via National Library of Australia.

External linksEdit