Mari Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic

The Mari Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Mari ASSR) (Mari: Марий Автоном Совет Социализм Республик, Mariy Avtonom Sovet Sotsializm Respublik) was the successor to the Mari Autonomous Oblast. When the Soviet Union disintegrated, the Mari ASSR became the Mari El Republic, a federal subject of the Russian Federation.

Mari Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic
Марийская Автономная Советская Социалистическая Республика
Common languagesRussian
GovernmentAutonomous Soviet Socialist Republic
• Established
• Disestablished
CurrencySoviet rouble
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Mari AO
Mari El


The Mari Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was formed on December 5, 1936 according to the USSR Constitution of 1936 as a result of the transformation of the Mari Autonomous Region, created on November 4, 1920, as an autonomous territorial entity for the mountain and meadow Mari.

On October 22, 1990, by decision of the Supreme Soviet of the Mari ASSR, it was transformed into the Mari Soviet Socialist Republic (MSSR). On May 24, 1991, the Congress of People's Deputies of the RSFSR approved this decision, amending the Constitution of the RSFSR of 1978.[1]

On December 9, 1992, the Congress of People's Deputies of the Russian Federation renamed the Mari SSR into the Republic of Mari El, amending Article 71 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation - Russia.[2] This amendment entered into force from the moment of publication in the "Rossiyskaya Gazeta" on January 12, 1993.[3]

Administrative divisionsEdit

The Mari ASSR included 14 regions.

On the territory of the Mari ASSR there were three cities (Yoshkar-Ola, Volzhsk, Kozmodemyansk) and 14 urban-type settlements.[4]

National compositionEdit

According to the 1970 census:

  • Russians - 321,000 (46.9%)
  • Mari - 299,000 (43.6%)
  • Tatars - 40,000 (5.8%)
  • Chuvash - 9,000 (1.3%)
  • Ukrainians - 5,000 (0.7%)
  • others - 11,000 (1.7%) [4]

See alsoEdit


Coordinates: 56°34′N 47°56′E / 56.567°N 47.933°E / 56.567; 47.933