Marguerite Marie-Charlotte Long (13 November 1874 – 13 February 1966) was a French pianist and teacher.
Marguerite Long was born in Nîmes. She studied with Henri Fissot at the Conservatoire de Paris, taking a Premier prix in 1891, and privately with Antoine François Marmontel. From 1906 to 1940 she taught at the Paris Conservatoire, and in 1920 she succeeded Louis Diémer as professor of piano. She also taught privately.
Long's husband, Joseph de Marliave (1873–1914), was killed in August 1914 in action during World War I. Maurice Ravel dedicated the last movement, the Toccata, of his 1917 suite Le tombeau de Couperin to Marliave. Long gave the first performance of this work in 1919. In 1932, she also premiered Ravel's Piano Concerto in G major, which was dedicated to her, followed shortly by its first recording, with Ravel supervising the sessions.
In 1943 she and violinist Jacques Thibaud established the Marguerite Long-Jacques Thibaud International Competition for violinists and pianists, which takes place each year in Paris. Since 2011, the competition has included singers and it is now known as the Long-Thibaud-Crespin Competition, in honour of the soprano Régine Crespin.
In June 1956, the French government sponsored a concert at the Sorbonne in honour of Long's contribution to French musical life. She herself, now aged 81, played Gabriel Fauré's Ballade, Op. 19 with the Orchestre National de France under Charles Munch. The centrepiece was the first performance of a collaborative orchestral suite written in her honour by eight French composers, titled Variations sur le nom de Marguerite Long.
Marguerite Long died in Paris in 1966, aged 91.
- Concours Long-Thibaud Archived 2011-03-24 at the Wayback Machine
- Cecilia Dunoyer, Marguerite Long: A Life in French Music, 1874-1966, p. 186. Retrieved 17 May 2016
- D. Kern Holoman, Charles Munch. Retrieved 17 May 2016
- Historical Interpretations of Frederick Chopin works
- Dunoyer, Cecilia, Marguerite Long: a Life in French Music, 1874–1966, 1993) (with discography)
- Long, Marguerite, Au piano avec Claude Debussy, 1960 (Eng. 1972)
- —, Le Piano, 1959
- —, La Petite Méthode de piano, 1963
- —, Au piano avec Gabriel Fauré, 1963 (Eng. 1980)
- Long, Marguerite and with Pierre Laumonier, Au piano avec Ravel, 1971 (Eng. 1973)
- Weill, Janine, Marguerite Long: une vie fascinante, 1969