Marabou (historically spelled marabout) describes a certain type of down feather trimming. Although it takes its name from the marabou stork whose undertail down once provided the feathers, white turkey feathers have been used as a substitute. The advantage of marabou is that it takes dye well, making it a very versatile trimming for dress, and makes an effective substitute for fur. While marabou has been widely used as a fashion trimming since the late 19th century, it is also often used in fly tying for making up the lures ('flies') used for fly fishing.
"Marabout" was a very popular trimming from the late eighteenth century onwards. It was used for trimming hats and making up muffs and feather boas. The Great Exhibition of 1851 prominently featured marabout alongside other feathers as second only in popularity to ostrich feathers, and it was noted that white marabout was sometimes very scarce, and also that some manufacturers were making highly commended items from turkey and goose-down.
Since the 20th century, marabou (spelt without a T) has become associated with lingerie and sex appeal. The Metropolitan Museum states that 'no object better epitomizes the sex kitten glamour of the 1950s than the marabou mule.' Marabou mules are popularly associated with glamorous 1950s actresses such as Marilyn Monroe, who wore them in The Seven Year Itch.
- / "Mantle. c. 1885, by Redmayne & Co". V&A Search the Collections. Victoria and Albert Museum. Retrieved 8 October 2014.
- Hellekson, Terry (2005). Fish flies : the encyclopedia of the fly tier's art (1st ed.). Salt Lake City: Gibbs Smith. p. 91. ISBN 9781586856922.
- Leiser, Eric (2008). The Complete Book of Fly Tying. New York: Skyhorse Publishing, Inc. pp. 82–83. ISBN 9781626367531.
- Lewandowski, Elizabeth J. (2011). The complete costume dictionary. Lanham, Md.: Scarecrow Press, Inc. p. 186. ISBN 9780810840041.
- Reports by the Juries: On the Subjects in the Thirty Classes Into which the Exhibition was Divided. W. Clowes. 1852. p. 387.
- "Pair of mules, American, 1950s". The Collection Online. Metropolitan Museum of Art. Retrieved 8 October 2014.
- Jacobbi, Paola (2007). I Want Those Shoes!. Simon and Schuster. p. 93. ISBN 9781416546221.
- Mathias, Peta (2011). Fabulous: Thoughts on Being a Woman. Random House. p. 33. ISBN 9781845969875.