Manuel Olivencia

Manuel Olivencia Ruiz (25 July 1929 – 1 January 2018) was a Spanish lawyer with a career as a professor, economist, and diplomat. He worked at the University of Seville and organized Seville Expo '92.[1]

Manuel Olivencia
Manuel Olivencia.jpg
Olivencia in 2006
Manuel Olivencia Ruiz

(1929-07-25)25 July 1929
Ronda, Spain
Died (aged 88)
Seville, Spain
Alma materUniversity of Bologna
OccupationLawyer, professor
AwardsCreu de Sant Jordi Award (1990)

Early lifeEdit

Olivencia was born in Ronda, Province of Málaga, on 25 July 1929[2] and grew up in Ceuta.[3] Olivencia's father was also a lawyer.[4] His brother was Francisco Olivencia. Olivencia graduated cum laude from the University of Bologna in 1953.[2]


Olivencia decided from a young age to practice law, though he prioritized teaching.[5] He became an associate professor of commercial law at the Complutense University of Madrid.[6] In 1960 he became a professor of commercial law at the University of Seville; one of his students was Felipe González.[5] There, he was dean of the school of law from 1968 to 1971 and dean of the school of economics from 1971 to 1975.[6]

He was Undersecretary of Education and Science during the first Transition government, advisor to the Bank of Spain, and a member of the board of RTVE.[6] He was Commissioner General of the 1992 Universal Exposition of Seville (Expo '92) from 1984 to 1991.[7] Olivencia said that a major problem in putting on the event was the amount of time to prepare.[8] On 19 April 1990 terrorist group ETA sent him a letter bomb, but exploded before in the hands of an Expo's civil servant.[9]

He received the Creu de Sant Jordi Award for his work on Expo '92 and joined the Royal Academy of Jurisprudence and Legislation in 2005.[10] Juan Ignacio Zoido awarded Olivencia with a Plaza de España "for a life dedicated to public service" in December 2017.[11]

In 1998, he chaired the commission that drafted the corporate governance code for voluntary adaptation by listed companies, known as Olivencia Code, being the first of these characteristics in Spain.[12] Olivencia served as a director of Bolsas and Mercados Españoles from June 5, 2006 until his death and also served as its lead independent director.[11]

Olivencia was honored in 2012 with the title as the "Adoptive Son" of Seville for his contributions to Expo '92, alongside Emilio Cassinello, as they served as major contributors to Seville's cultural regions.[13]

In his career, Olivencia published more than 200 titles of the various specialties of mercantile law, most of them collected in legal studies, five volumes which published for El Monte Foundation in Seville.[4]


Olivencia died on 1 January 2018 at age 88 in Seville from respiratory failure after a suffering a fall in December 2017.[7] Olivencia had four children, one of whom predeceased him in 2014.[4]



  1. ^ Carazo, Elena (1 January 2018). "Fallece Manuel Olivencia a los 88 años". Cadena SER (in Spanish). Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b c Mármol, Carlos (1 January 2018). "Olivencia, el liberalismo según Sevilla". El Mundo (in Spanish). Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  3. ^ "El Gobierno otorga a Manuel Olivencia el Premio Plaza de España a los valores constitucionales". El Pueblo de Ceuta (in Spanish). 3 December 2017. Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Manuel Olivencia Ruiz". Sevillanosilustres. Retrieved 2 January 2018.
  5. ^ a b "Manuel Olivencia, quien fuera primer comisario general de la Expo 92, fallece en Sevilla". (in Spanish). 1 January 2018. Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  6. ^ a b c García Reyes, Alberto (1 January 2018). "Muere Manuel Olivencia, eminencia del Derecho Mercantil internacional". ABCdesevilla (in Spanish). Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  7. ^ a b Muñoz, Jorge (1 January 2018). "Fallece Manuel Olivencia, catedrático, maestro de abogados y comisario general de la Expo". Diario de Sevilla (in Spanish). Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  8. ^ Delaney, Paul (1 February 1989). "Seville Journal; Expo 92's Promise: New Life or Stale Gazpacho?". The New York Times. Retrieved 1 January 2017.
  9. ^ Una carta bomba amputa la mano a una funcionaria de la Comisaría de la Expo 92 (in Spanish)
  10. ^ "Manuel Olivencia, galardonado con la XX Edición del Premio Pelayo para Juristas de reconocido prestigio". Lawyer Press (in Spanish). 23 June 2014. Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  11. ^ a b c d "Manuel Olivencia recibe el Premio Plaza de España". El Faro (in Spanish). 6 December 2017. Retrieved 1 January 2018.
  12. ^ González Corona, Matías (4 January 2018). "'Código Olivencia': éxitos y objetivos pendientes 20 años después". El Confidencial. Retrieved 4 January 2018.
  13. ^ "Manuel Olivencia es destituido como comisario General de la Expo'92". Legadoexposevilla. 19 July 2013. Retrieved 2 January 2018.

External linksEdit