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José Manuel Micheltorena (1802 – 7 September 1853)[1] was a brigadier general of the Mexican Army, adjutant-general of the same, governor, commandant-general and inspector of the department of Alta California, then within Mexico.[2] Micheltorena was the last non-Californian Mexican governor before Californian native son Pío Pico took office.

Manuel Micheltorena
Manuel Micheltorena.jpg
California Lone Star Flag 1836.svg 25th Governor of Alta California
In office
President Antonio López de Santa Anna
Preceded by Juan Bautista Alvarado
Succeeded by Pío Pico
Personal details
Born 1802
Died (1853-09-07)September 7, 1853
Profession Politician, soldier
Military service
Allegiance Mexico Mexico
Service/branch Mexico-branch-colour Infantry(red).gif Mexican infantry
Rank Gral bgdr.gif General
Battles/wars Battle of Providencia

Micheltorena received this appointment by the President of Mexico, Antonio López de Santa Anna and served from 30 December 1842, until his ouster in 1845.

Micheltorena was instrumental in the privatisation of California land by rancho land grants. With his loyalties firmly seated in Mexico City, he faced criticism, opposition, and eventually war from the Californios in Alta California.

He led a team of soldiers, that included criminals and other people of mixed ancestry who were derisively referred to by some as cholos,[3] to fight wealthy Mexican landowners challenging governor Micheltorena and the Mexican government. Micheltorena lost to Juan Bautista Alvarado and the Californios in the 1845 Battle of Providencia.


  1. ^ "José Manuel Micheltorena". Omnibiography. Retrieved 6 May 2013. 
  2. ^ Manuel Micheltorena (22 December 1842). "Translation Of Sutter General Land Title". Library of Congress. Retrieved 2007-01-04. 
  3. ^ Hubert Howe Bancroft (1886). History of California: 1840-1845. History Company. p. 363. 

Further readingEdit