Joseph Manuel María Joaquin Micheltorena y Llano (8 June 1804 – 7 September 1853) was a brigadier general of the Mexican Army, adjutant-general of the same, governor, commandant-general and inspector of the department of Alta California, then within Mexico. Micheltorena was the last non-Californian Mexican governor before Californian native son Pío Pico took office.
|25th Governor of Alta California|
|President||Antonio López de Santa Anna|
|Preceded by||Juan Bautista Alvarado|
|Succeeded by||Pío Pico|
|Born||Joseph (José) Manuel María Joaquin Micheltorena y Llano|
8 June 1804
Oaxaca City, Oaxaca, Mexico
|Died||September 7, 1853 (aged 49)|
|Battles/wars||Battle of Providencia|
Micheltorena was born in 1804 in Oaxaca de Juárez, Oaxaca, Mexico, into a prominent Basque family. His parents were Army Captain Joseph Eusebio Micheltorena (who in 1819 was included among a list of notable foreigners in Mexico), and Catarina Gertrudis Llano. He was baptized at five days old at Oaxaca Cathedral. His grandparents were Joseph de Micheltorena (Mixteltorena) and María Encarnación de Herrera (paternal), and Joseph Augustín de Llano and María Romero (maternal).
Micheltorena was instrumental in the privatisation of California land by rancho land grants. With his loyalties firmly seated in Mexico City, he faced criticism, opposition, and eventually war from the Californios in Alta California.
He led a team of soldiers, that included criminals and other people of mixed ancestry who were derisively referred to by some as cholos, to fight wealthy Mexican landowners challenging governor Micheltorena and the Mexican government. Micheltorena lost to Juan Bautista Alvarado and the Californios in the 1845 Battle of Providencia.
- Mexico, Select Baptisms, 1560-1950
- Robles, Graciela Alessio; Oliver, Angélica; Cortez, Ana María (1984). Catálogo del Fondo Vito Alessio Robles (in Spanish). Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. p. 43. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
...y general de brigada José Manuel Micheltorena y Llano...
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