Manuel Antonio Baldizón Méndez (American Spanish: [maˈnwel anˈtonjo βaldiˈson ˈmendes], born 6 May 1970) is a Guatemalan politician, lawyer, and hotel entrepreneur. He was the leader of the "Libertad Democrática Renovada" (LIDER) Renewed Democratic Liberty party and was a candidate in the 2015 presidential election placing third and losing to Jimmy Morales. He was also a candidate in the 2011 presidential election, placing second and losing to Otto Pérez Molina in a run-off vote. On January 20, 2018, he was captured in the United States, when he was accused of accepting bribes from Odebrecht.
|Member of the Congress of Guatemala|
14 January 2004 – 14 January 2008
Manuel Antonio Baldizón Méndez
6 May 1970
Flores, El Petén, Guatemala
|Spouse(s)||Rosa Maria Vargas|
|Alma mater||Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala|
Early life and educationEdit
Manuel Baldizón originates from Amatitlan. He completed his military service in the infantry as Second Lieutenant of the reserve in 1987. In 2000, he received his licentiate degree in jurisprudence and social science, licence as solicitor and notary from the Universidad Mariano Galvez. Baldizón added postgradual studies at the University of Valparaíso, Chile, which he completed with an MBA with honorable mentions. In 2004, he obtained his doctorate in law from the Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala. Afterwards, he took post-doctoral courses at the University of Salamanca, Spain.
He was elected to the Congress for the National Advancement Party (PAN) in 2003, but joined the National Unity of Hope (UNE) of Álvaro Colom in 2006. Baldizón was re-elected as a Congressman in 2007. He defected from the governing UNE in 2009 and founded the LIDER party. In the 2011 general election, Manuel Baldizón was a presidential candidate. His running mate was Raquel Blandón, ex-wife of former president Vinicio Cerezo. In the first round on 11 September he won 1,004,215 votes (22.68%) and qualified for the runoff on 6 November. However he was defeated by the retired general Otto Pérez Molina of the Patriotic Party in this second turn, winning 1,980,819 votes (46.26%).
Manuel Baldizón is married to Rosa Maria Vargas de Baldizón, and has two children. In 2011, during his presidential election campaign, his family was threatened by people claiming to be members of Los Zetas.
In press, Manuel Baldizón has been described as a multimillionaire, a populist, a devout Christian, and a proponent of the death penalty. Special interest has been attracted by his promises to lead Guatemala's football team to the World Cup.
Also during his political rallies, he has been noted to bring security weapons of high caliber. Even though Article 125 of "The Arms and Ammunition Law" of the Guatemalan constitucion it specifies that only the Guatemalan Army is authorized to carry such weapons.
On 20 January 2014, Baldizon released a book called Rompiendo Paradigmas (Breaking Paradigms). He held a presentation in Guatemala City only to have the book removed from the bookshelves two days later because evidence was found that a significant portion of the book's contents had been copied from other sources without properly providing reference to them or asking for permission. Baldizón’s public relations office quickly responded to the accusations. The office said that, in the book’s introduction, the author “clearly establishes that the book not only contains the author’s own ideas, but those of many people, including academics and authors.” They also encouraged readers to take the book as “a fusion of ideas,” and offered apologies to anyone who took offense. However, the magazine ContraPoder showed clear evidence that at least seven pages of the book used materials without proper citation in its bibliography. As a result, Manuel Baldizon's doctorate thesis was reviewed by the media, and it was found that most of it was also plagiarized. Despite the revelations, the Universidad San Carlos de Guatemala said they approved of the thesis after a review process, allowing Baldizon to keep his title.
- Rosenberg, Mica; McDonald, Mike (12 September 2011), Retired general leads Guatemala vote, faces run-off, Reuters, retrieved 13 September 2011
- "Guatemala businessman to face graft charges after U.S. deportation". Reuters. 21 January 2018. Retrieved 21 January 2018.
- "Dr. Manuel Baldizón" (in Spanish). Baldizon.com. Retrieved 27 May 2015.
- "Manuel Baldizón: Creo que no debemos caer en la polarización". Prensa Libre. Retrieved 6 September 2015.
- "Guatemala heads into the unknown – Representation". Latian American Weekly Report. 15 September 2011. p. 4.
- Tulio Juárez (3 May 2015). "Lider proclama a Manuel Baldizón" (in Spanish). El Periodico. Retrieved 27 May 2015.
- Patrick Gillespie; Marilia Brocchetto (5 April 2017). "This company created the world's biggest bribery ring". CNN Money. Retrieved 12 March 2019.
- "US arrests ex-Guatemalan presidential candidate Manuel Baldizon for graft charges". Deutsche Welle. 21 January 2019. Retrieved 12 March 2019.
- "Guatemalan candidate's kin threatened by Mexican drug gang". Fox News Latino. 20 May 2011. Retrieved 27 May 2015.
- Elías, José (13 September 2011), "Un exmilitar y un populista rivalizan por la presidencia de Guatemala", El País (in Spanish), retrieved 13 September 2011
- Otto Perez Molina, Manuel Baldizon & Eduardo Suger Head for Runoff in Guatemala, Fox News Latino, 12 September 2011, retrieved 13 September 2011
- Guatemala votes for new president, Al Jazeera English, 11 September 2011, retrieved 13 September 2011
- Manuel Baldizon's bodyguards with high caliber weapons, Diario Digital by Coralia Orantes, 8 August 2015, retrieved 11 June 2017
- "Libro de Manuel Baldizón sale del mercado", Prensa Libre (in Spanish), 22 January 2014, retrieved 5 February 2014
- García Kihn, Jessica (21 January 2014), "Copy/Paste de Baldizón", ContraPoder (in Spanish), archived from the original on 2 February 2014, retrieved 5 February 2014
- "Also the thesis, doctor?", Contra Poder (in Spanish)
- "Guatemala: Manuel Baldizón Book Riddled with Plagiarism", Panam Post, 24 January 2014, retrieved 5 February 2014
- Manuel Baldizón's Campaign page (in Spanish)