The Mantyasih inscription (also known as Balitung charter and Kedu inscription) is an important inscription found in the village of Mateseh, North Magelang, Central Java, Indonesia. It is dated to 907 :108 and was created by King Balitung from Sanjaya dynasty, of the Ancient Medang Kingdom. This inscription contains a genealogy of the kings of Medang before King Balitung.
The inscription mentioned that Mantyasih village awarded by King Balitung as sima (tax free) land. In Mateseh village today still can be found stone mortar believed to be used during sima ceremony. Also mentioned about two mountains; Mount Susundara and Wukir Sumbing (today Mount Sundoro and Sumbing).
The inscription was dated 828 Saka (907 CE). This is the part that contains the genealogy list of Medang ruling kings, part B lines 7-9:
- ta < 7 > sak rahyang ta rumuhun. sirangbăsa ing wanua. sang mangdyan kahyaňan. sang magawai kadatwan. sang magalagah pomahan. sang tomanggöng susuk. sang tumkeng wanua gana kandi landap nyan paka çapatha kamu. rahyang
- < 8 > ta rumuhun. ri mdang. ri poh pitu. rakai mataram. sang ratu sańjaya. çri mahǎrǎja rakai panangkaran. çri mahǎrǎja rakai panunggalan. çri mahǎrǎja rakai warak. çri mahǎrǎja rakai garung. çri mahǎrǎja rakai pikatan
- < 9 > çri mahǎrǎja rakai kayuwańi. çri mahǎrǎja rakai watuhumalang. lwiha sangkā rikā landap nyān paka çapatha çri mahǎrǎja rakai watukura dyah dharmmodaya mahāçambhu.
Bosch, in his book Sriwijaya, de Sailendrawamsa en de Sanjayawamsa (1952), suggests that in the Medang Kingdom there were two dynasties, the Sanjaya dynasty and the Sailendra dynasty that equally ruled the kingdom. The Sanjaya lineage was established by Sri Sanjaya, the founder of Medang Kingdom whom adheres Shivaist Hinduism. The next Maharaja was Panangkaran, that according to him, defeated by the Sailendras. So in Medang there is two dynasty the Sanjayas ruled northern parts of Java, while Sailendras ruled in southern Java. The daughter of Sailendra Maharaja Samaratungga named Pramodhawardhani married Rakai Pikatan of Sanjaya, that succeeded his father inlaw's throne. As the result the Sanjaya return to power in Medang. Bosch assumed that the title rakai was dynastic title. The list of Sanjaya kings according Mantyasih inscription according Bosch:
- Coedès, George (1968). Walter F. Vella (ed.). The Indianized States of Southeast Asia. trans.Susan Brown Cowing. University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 978-0-8248-0368-1.
- Truman Simanjuntak (2006). Archaeology: Indonesian perspective : R.P. Soejono's festschrift. Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia, International Center for Prehistoric and Austronesian Studies (Indonesia), Yayasan Obor Indonesia. p. 407. ISBN 979-26-2499-6.
- Selayang Pandang: Sejarah, Situs Resmi Pemerintah Kota Magelang, Dinas Perhubungan, Komunikasi dan Informatika Kota Magelang, © 2009. Retrieved 23 December 2010.
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