Kelurak inscription

The Kelurak inscription is an inscription dated 704 Saka (782 CE), written in Sanskrit with Pranagari script, discovered near Lumbung temple in Kelurak village, Central Java, Indonesia. Lumbung temple is a bit north of Prambanan temple in Yogyakarta.

Kelurak inscription
Manjusrigrha Kelurak Inscription.JPG
Kelurak inscription, displayed at National Museum of Indonesia, Jakarta
MaterialAndesite stone
WritingPranagari script in Sanskrit
Created700 Saka (778 CE)
DiscoveredLumbung temple in Kelurak village, Klaten Regency, located not far north of Prambanan temple, Central Java, Indonesia
Present locationNational Museum of Indonesia, Jakarta

The writings on the inscription were discovered in poor condition with several parts being unclear and unreadable, as a result historians could only translate the main information of the inscription.


The inscription mentioned the construction of a sacred buddhist building to house the Manjusri statue that contains the wisdom of Buddha, Dharma, and Sangha; the same trinity as Brahma, Vishnu and Maheshvara. The construction of this sacred building was ordered by King Indra, revered in his official name Sri Sanggramadhananjaya.[1][2]: 89  The reference to Hindu gods in this Buddhist temple signify the TantrayanaVajrayana buddhism influence. The temple dedicated to Manjusri is identified as Sewu temple, located not far north from Prambanan temple.

Today the inscription is displayed in National Museum of Indonesia, Jakarta, under the inventory number No. D.44.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Drs. R. Soekmono (1988) [First printed in 1973]. Pengantar Sejarah Kebudayaan Indonesia 2, 2nd ed. Yogyakarta: Penerbit Kanisius. p. 45.
  2. ^ Coedès, George (1968). Walter F. Vella (ed.). The Indianized States of Southeast Asia. trans.Susan Brown Cowing. University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 978-0-8248-0368-1.

Further readingEdit

  • Miksic, John N (1994-09-01), "Imagine Buddha in Prambanan: Reconsidering the Buddhist Background of the Loro Jonggrang Temple Complex", Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, Cambridge University Press, 25 (2): 442, doi:10.1017/s0022463400013692, ISSN 0022-4634 being a review of - Jordaan, Roy E; Rijksuniversiteit te Leiden. Vakgroep Talen en Culturen van Zuidoost-Azië en Oceanië (1993), Imagine Buddha in Prambanan : reconsidering the Buddhist background of the Loro Jonggrang temple complex, Vakgroep Talen en Culturen van Zuidoost-Azie en Oceanie, Rijksuniversiteit te Leiden, ISBN 978-90-73084-08-7