Manitoba Hockey Association
The Manitoba Hockey Association (MHA) was an early men's senior ice hockey league playing around 1900 in Manitoba, Canada. The league started as an elite amateur league in 1892, became professional in 1905, had a professional and an amateur league in 1908–09 and only an amateur league from 1909 until 1923. Two teams from the league have won the Stanley Cup, the Winnipeg Victorias and the Kenora Thistles. Three other teams from the league have challenged for the Stanley Cup: Brandon Wheat Cities, Winnipeg Maple Leafs, and the Winnipeg Rowing Club. Other teams have won the Allan Cup: Winnipeg Hockey Club, Winnipeg Falcons, Winnipeg Monarchs and Winnipeg Victorias.
|Brandon Wheat Cities|
|Most titles||Winnipeg Victorias|
It also was known as the Manitoba Hockey League and Manitoba Professional Hockey League in following years.
The Manitoba Hockey Association was formed on November 11, 1892 to organize ice hockey play in Manitoba.
Manitoba & Northwestern Hockey AssociationEdit
In 1904, it would absorb the Manitoba & Northwestern Hockey Association league, and include the Rat Portage/Kenora Thistles team from the province of Ontario. Kenora, ON was originally named Rat Portage.
Manitoba Professional Hockey League (MPHL)Edit
In 1905, the league started to have professional players, and renamed itself the Manitoba Professional Hockey League (MPHL). This lasted until the end of the 1908–09 season, when several teams folded. E. A. Gilroy served on the league executive and coached the Portage la Prairie team.
Manitoba Hockey League (MHL)Edit
Starting in the 1908–09 season, the Manitoba Hockey League (MHL) was started as an amateur senior-level league. The teams from this league were eligible for the new Allan Cup.
Manitoba Amateur Hockey AssociationEdit
With the founding of the Canadian Amateur Hockey Association in 1914, the Manitoba Amateur Hockey Association was formed to administer amateur ice hockey in Manitoba, except for the senior-level MHL. The MHL continued to be administered by the Manitoba Hockey Association.
|1892–93||Winnipeg Dragoons, Winnipeg HC, Winnipeg Victorias||Winnipeg Victorias|
|1893–94||Winnipeg Dragoons, Winnipeg HC, Winnipeg Victorias||Winnipeg Victorias|
|1894–95||Winnipeg HC, Winnipeg Victorias||Winnipeg Victorias|
|1895–96||Winnipeg HC, Winnipeg Victorias||Winnipeg Victorias†|
|1896–97||Winnipeg HC, Winnipeg Victorias||Winnipeg Victorias|
|1897–98||Winnipeg HC, Winnipeg Victorias||Winnipeg Victorias|
|1898–99||Winnipeg HC, Winnipeg Victorias||Winnipeg Victorias|
|1899–1900||Winnipeg HC, Winnipeg Victorias||Winnipeg Victorias|
|1900–01||Winnipeg HC, Winnipeg Victorias||Winnipeg Victorias†|
|1901–02||Winnipeg HC, Winnipeg Victorias||Winnipeg Victorias|
|1902–03||Winnipeg Rowing Club, Winnipeg Victorias||Winnipeg Rowing Club|
|1903–04||Winnipeg Rowing Club, Winnipeg Victorias||Winnipeg Rowing Club|
|1904–05||Brandon Wheat Cities, Portage la Prairie Cities, Rat Portage Thistles, Winnipeg Rowing Club, Winnipeg Victorias||Rat Portage Thistles|
|1905–06||Brandon Wheat Cities, Kenora Thistles, Portage la Prairie Cities, Winnipeg HC, Winnipeg Victorias||Kenora Thistles|
† Stanley Cup winner.
Manitoba Professional Hockey LeagueEdit
|1906–07||Brandon Wheat Cities, Kenora Thistles, Portage la Prairie Cities, Winnipeg Strathconas||Kenora Thistles‡|
|1907–08||Brandon Wheat Cities†, Kenora Thistles†, Portage la Prairie Cities, Winnipeg Maple Leafs, Winnipeg Strathconas||Winnipeg Maple Leafs|
|1908–09||Winnipeg HC, Winnipeg Maple Leafs, Winnipeg Shamrocks||Winnipeg Shamrocks|
‡ Stanley Cup winner.
† Brandon and Kenora only played one game in 1907–08 season before ceasing play.
Manitoba Hockey LeagueEdit
In parallel with the MPHL, the MHA started the MHL amateur senior league in 1908–09. The Winnipeg Falcons, which entered the league in 1915, would win the 1920 championship, then win the Allan Cup national championship. As Allan Cup winners, the Falcons were selected to represent Canada at the 1920 Olympics, where the team would win the first Olympic gold medal for ice hockey.
WAHL = Winnipeg Amateur Hockey League, MMHL = Manitoba Military Hockey League
|1908–09||Winnipeg Capitals, Winnipeg Varsity, Winnipeg Victorias||Winnipeg Victorias|
|1909–10||Winnipeg Capitals, Winnipeg Varsity, Winnipeg Victorias||Winnipeg Varsity|
|1910–11||Winnipeg Monarchs, Winnipeg Varsity, Winnipeg Victorias||Winnipeg Victorias‡|
|1911–12||Winnipeg Monarchs, Winnipeg Varsity, Winnipeg Victorias||Winnipeg Victorias‡|
|1912–13||Winnipeg HC, Winnipeg Varsity, Winnipeg Victorias||Winnipeg HC‡|
|1913–14 WAHL||Winnipeg Monarchs, Winnipeg Victorias, Winnipeg HC||Winnipeg Monarchs|
|1914–15||Winnipeg Monarchs, Winnipeg Varsity, Winnipeg Victorias||Winnipeg Monarchs‡|
|1915–16 A||Winnipeg 61st Battalion, Winnipeg Monarchs, Winnipeg Soldiers||Winnipeg 61st Battalion‡|
|1915–16 B||Winnipeg Falcons, Winnipeg HC, Winnipeg Victorias||Winnipeg Monarchs|
|1916–17 WAHL||Winnipeg Victorias, Winnipeg 223rd Battalion, Winnipeg Monarchs||Winnipeg Victorias|
|1917–18 MMHL||Winnipeg Ypres, Winnipeg Vimy, Winnipeg Somme||Winnipeg Ypres|
|1918–19||Brandon Wheat Cities, Selkirk Fishermen, Winnipeg Argonauts, Winnipeg Monarchs||Selkirk Fishermen|
|1919–20 Manitoba||Brandon Wheat Cities, Selkirk Fishermen, Winnipeg Falcons||Winnipeg Falcons‡ †|
|1919–20 Winnipeg||Winnipeg HC, Winnipeg Monarchs, Winnipeg Victorias||Winnipeg HC|
|1920–21||Brandon Wheat Cities, Winnipeg Falcons, Winnipeg HC||Brandon Wheat Cities|
|1921–22 Manitoba||Brandon Wheat Cities, Selkirk Fishermen, Winnipeg Falcons, Winnipeg HC||Brandon Wheat Cities|
|1921–22 Winnipeg||Winnipeg Monarchs, Winnipeg Tigers, Winnipeg Varsity, Winnipeg Victorias||Winnipeg Victorias|
|1922–23||Brandon Wheat Cities, Fort William Beavers, Port Arthur Bearcats, Selkirk Fishermen, Winnipeg Falcons, Winnipeg HC||Brandon Wheat Cities|
‡ Allan Cup winners. † Olympic champions.
- McKinley, Michael (2000). Putting a Roof on Winter. Greystone Books. p. 32.
- Goldsborough, Gordon (July 31, 2019). "Edward Albert Gilroy". Memorable Manitobans. Manitoba Historical Society. Retrieved April 2, 2020.
- "E. A. Gilroy Former Hockey Official Dies". Winnipeg Free Press. Winnipeg, Manitoba. August 10, 1942. p. 2.