Mamfe or Mamfé is a city in and the capital of Manyu, a division of the Southwest Region in Cameroon. It is 74 km (46 mi) from the border of Nigeria, on the Manyu River.[1] It has a population of 36,500 (2017 estimate).

Mamfe
German colonial era bridge over the Cross/Manyu River near Mamfe
German colonial era bridge over the Cross/Manyu River near Mamfe
Mamfe is located in Cameroon
Mamfe
Mamfe
Location in Cameroon
Coordinates: 5°46′N 9°17′E / 5.767°N 9.283°E / 5.767; 9.283
CountryFlag of Cameroon.svg Cameroon
ProvinceSouthwest
DivisionsManyu

It is known as a centre for traditional religion (e.g., Obasinjom and Ekpe Society) and traditional medicine. Mamfe used to be known for bad infrastructure within the city limits, especially the roads, but in recent times the roads have been tarred and are currently in good condition. The roads leading in and out of the city have also been tarred e.g., Mamfe - Bamenda, Mamfe - Kumba, Mamfe - Ekok.

The Peace Corps has maintained a presence in the Mamfe area since they entered the country in 1962.

Cultural display in mamfe

Since 2017, Mamfe has been a frequent battleground in the Anglophone Crisis. The city saw heavy fighting in December 2017, when the Cameroonian Army battled the Ambazonia Defence Forces for control over Mamfe and the surroundings.[2] In May 2020, separatist fighters assassinated the newly-elected mayor, Ashu Priestly Ojong.[3] As of January 2023, suspected separatist fighters stormed Mamfe and set a Total petrol station on fire.[4]

EtymologyEdit

The name "Mamfe" comes from the [Bayang language].[5][circular reference] When Germans first arrived in the area via the Cross River, the Germans greeted a local man at the Egbekaw River site who was carrying sand from the shore and tried interrogating him about where they were. The Banyang man didn't understand and only said in his dialect, "Mamfie fah?" ("Where should I put it?"). The Germans heard this as "Mamfe" and named the area so.

DemographicsEdit

The Egbekaw village is the native/pioneer of Mamfe town. The inhabitants speak a Bayang language as their mother tongue, called Nyang, although English is the official language spoken along with Pidgin and several other dialects, including Ejagham. The city is also noteworthy for the high proportion of Nigerians who live there.

EducationEdit

Mamfe has no university yet, but the Catholic university is now under construction. The Mamfe Girls College was Cameroon's first all-female boarding school. There is also a teachers' training college, and several vocational schools.

CuisineEdit

 
Bayangi from Cameroon

Popular local foods in Mamfe include eru and fu-fu, plantains with ndole, and fu-fu and ogbono soup.

ClimateEdit

 
Afternoon sun in Mamfe, Cameroon

Mamfe has a tropical monsoon climate (Köppen climate classification Am). As Mamfe is in a river valley, humidity can be over 90% and temperatures can exceed 120 F (49 °C) during the Dry Season (February - April). During the rest of the year, temperatures remain in the 80-90s (27 to 37 °C) and only fall during the Rainy Season, sometimes to 70F (21 °C).

The climate can be very uncomfortable for travellers, but tourism is beginning in the area, though small. Points of interest are the old German bridge, the Mamfe Cross, the Mamfe River by boat, and the Mamfe Cathedral. Hotels are few, but can and do accommodate western travellers.

Climate data for Mamfe
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31.4
(88.5)
33.5
(92.3)
33.3
(91.9)
32.9
(91.2)
32.1
(89.8)
30.8
(87.4)
29.0
(84.2)
28.7
(83.7)
30.1
(86.2)
30.9
(87.6)
31.4
(88.5)
31.1
(88.0)
31.3
(88.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 25.6
(78.1)
27.2
(81.0)
27.9
(82.2)
27.8
(82.0)
27.3
(81.1)
26.5
(79.7)
25.6
(78.1)
25.4
(77.7)
25.9
(78.6)
26.5
(79.7)
26.4
(79.5)
25.8
(78.4)
26.5
(79.7)
Average low °C (°F) 19.9
(67.8)
21.0
(69.8)
22.2
(72.0)
22.5
(72.5)
22.5
(72.5)
22.2
(72.0)
22.0
(71.6)
21.9
(71.4)
21.8
(71.2)
21.9
(71.4)
21.6
(70.9)
20.3
(68.5)
21.6
(70.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 17.8
(0.70)
57.0
(2.24)
157.1
(6.19)
224.3
(8.83)
272.0
(10.71)
372.8
(14.68)
479.2
(18.87)
465.1
(18.31)
488.9
(19.25)
415.8
(16.37)
93.4
(3.68)
28.6
(1.13)
3,072
(120.94)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 2 4 11 17 20 24 25 27 26 24 8 2 190
Mean monthly sunshine hours 181.9 173.6 167.5 166.7 167.7 131.0 87.2 72.8 101.3 135.3 171.9 187.9 1,744.8
Source: NOAA[6]

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Mamfe | town, Cameroon". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2020-12-01.
  2. ^ After Days of Sporadic Gun Shots In Mamfe: Relative Calm Returns, Massive Exodus, Cameroon News Agency, December 15, 2017. Accessed Nov 24, 2018.
  3. ^ Mamfe Mayor Killed, Two Soldiers Injured In Eshobi, Cameroon News Agency, May 10, 2020. Accessed May 10, 2020.
  4. ^ "Mamfe fire | Mamfe - Update Alleged separatist fighters have stormed Mamfe town and set a Total petrol station on fire The incident which occurred Monday January 23... | By Cameroon News Agency | Facebook". Cameroon News Agency. Retrieved 2023-01-24.
  5. ^ "Mamfe languages".
  6. ^ "Mamfe Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved October 19, 2015.
  7. ^ "George Elokobi". Goal.com. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
  8. ^ "Nalova Lyonga Pauline Egbe: A Household Name at MINESEC". Cameroon-Tribune. Retrieved 17 August 2018.

Coordinates: 5°46′N 9°17′E / 5.767°N 9.283°E / 5.767; 9.283