Southwest Region (Cameroon)

The Southwest Region or South-West Region (French: Région du Sud-Ouest) is a region in Cameroon. Its capital is Buea.[2] As of 2015, its population was 1,553,320. Along with the Northwest Region, it is one of the two anglophone (English-speaking) regions of Cameroon. Various Ambazonian nationalist and separatist factions regard the Sud-Ouest region as being distinct as a polity from Cameroon.[3]

Southwest Region
The capital Buea from the foot of Mount Cameroon
The capital Buea from the foot of Mount Cameroon
Location of Southwest Region within Cameroon
Location of Southwest Region within Cameroon
CountryCameroon
CapitalBuea
DivisionsFako, Koupé-Manengouba, Lebialem, Manyu, Meme, Ndian
Government
 • GovernorBernard Okalia B.
Area
 • Total25,410 km2 (9,810 sq mi)
Population
 (2015)
 • Total1,553,320
 • Density61/km2 (160/sq mi)
HDI (2017)0.599[1]
medium · 6th of 10
Divisions of Southwest province

AdministrationEdit

The region is divided into six divisions or departments: Fako, Koupé-Manengouba, Lebialem, Manyu, Meme, and Ndian. These are in turn broken down into subdivisions.[4] Presidentially appointed senior divisional officers (prefets) and subdivisional officers (sous-prefets) govern each respectively.

Ambazonian separatismEdit

Separatists from the Ambazonia administration regard the both the Nord-Ouest (Northwest) and Sud-Ouest (Southwest) regions as being constituent components of their envisaged breakaway state.[5]

GeographyEdit

The region was notable for having the first English-speaking university in Cameroon (the University of Buea),.

Towns include the capital Buea, Limbe, Tiko, Kumba and Mamfe. Limbe in particular is a popular tourist resort notable for its fine beaches. Korup National Park is also a major attraction. Buea itself, meanwhile, sits at the foot of Mount Cameroon, and possesses an almost temperate climate markedly different from the rest of the province.

CultureEdit


Common Dishes in the RegionEdit

DemographicsEdit

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1976620,515—    
1987838,042+2.77%
20051,316,079+2.54%
20151,553,320+1.67%
source:[6]

Coordinates: 4°10′N 9°14′E / 4.167°N 9.233°E / 4.167; 9.233

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  2. ^ User, Super. "BUEA". cvuc.cm (in French). Retrieved 2017-08-07.
  3. ^ Tatah-Mentan, I., and F. Achankeng. "Stopping war before it starts: testing preventive diplomacy in the selfdetermination case of British Southern Cameroons (aka Ambazonia)." British Southern Cameroons: Nationalism & Conflict in Postcolonial Africa (2014): 127-170.
  4. ^ "Région du Sud-Ouest". cvuc.cm (in French). Retrieved 2017-08-07.
  5. ^ Adepoju, Paul. "World Report Hospital attack in anglophone Cameroon kills four patients." (2019).
  6. ^ Cameroon: Administrative Division population statistics