Maksatikhinsky District

Maksatikhinsky District (Russian: Макса́тихинский райо́н) is an administrative[1] and municipal[6] district (raion), one of the thirty-six in Tver Oblast, Russia. It is located in the northeast of the oblast and borders with Lesnoy District in the north, Sandovsky and Molokovsky Districts in the northeast, Bezhetsky District in the east, Rameshkovsky and Likhoslavlsky Districts in the south, Spirovsky and Vyshnevolotsky Districts in the southwest, and with Udomelsky District in the west. The area of the district is 2,766 square kilometers (1,068 sq mi).[2] Its administrative center is the urban locality (an urban-type settlement) of Maksatikha.[1] Population: 16,723 (2010 Census);[3] 20,644 (2002 Census);[9] 24,414 (1989 Census).[10] The population of Maksatikha accounts for 52.3% of the district's total population.[3]

Maksatikhinsky District
Максатихинский район
Flag of Maksatikhinsky District
Coat of arms of Maksatikhinsky District
Location of Maksatikhinsky District in Tver Oblast
Coordinates: 57°47′48″N 35°53′04″E / 57.79667°N 35.88444°E / 57.79667; 35.88444Coordinates: 57°47′48″N 35°53′04″E / 57.79667°N 35.88444°E / 57.79667; 35.88444
CountryRussia
Federal subjectTver Oblast[1]
Established12 July 1929Edit this on Wikidata
Administrative centerMaksatikha[1]
Area
 • Total2,766 km2 (1,068 sq mi)
Population
 • Total16,723
 • Estimate 
(2018)[4]
14,723 (−12%)
 • Density6.0/km2 (16/sq mi)
 • Urban
52.3%
 • Rural
47.7%
Administrative structure
 • Administrative divisions1 Urban settlements, 3 Rural settlements
 • Inhabited localities1 Urban-type settlements[5], 292 Rural localities
Municipal structure
 • Municipally incorporated asMaksatikhinsky Municipal District[6]
 • Municipal divisions[7]1 Urban settlements, 3 Rural settlements
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[8])
OKTMO ID28640000
Websitehttp://maksatiha.org/

GeographyEdit

 
The Volchina River at Maksatikha

The whole area of the district belongs to the drainage basin of the Mologa River, a major tributary of the Rybinsk Reservoir. The source of the Mologa is in the southeastern part of the district. The river flows east, exits the district, and re-enters it again in the central and northern part. In particular, the settlement of Maksatikha is located on the banks of the Mologa. The major tributary of the Mologa within the district is the Volchina River (left).

HistoryEdit

Since the Middle Ages, the area was on the eastern border of Novgorod Lands. In the 15th century, together with Novgorod, it was transferred to the Grand Duchy of Moscow.

In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, the area was included into Saint Petersburg Governorate (before 1710, Ingermanland Governorate). In 1727, Novgorod Governorate was split off, and the western part of the current area of the district was transferred to Novgorod Governorate. At the same time, the eastern part was transferred to Moscow Governorate. In 1775, Tver Viceroyalty was formed from the lands which previously belonged to Moscow and Novgorod Governorates. The whole area of the current district was transferred to Tver Viceroyalty. In 1796, Tver Viceroyalty was transformed into Tver Governorate.[11] The area was split between Bezhetsky and Vyshnevolotsky Uyezds.

On July 12, 1929 the governorates and uyezds were abolished. Maksatikhinsky District, with the administrative center in the settlement of Maksatikha, was established within Bezhetsk Okrug of Moscow Oblast. On July 23, 1930, the okrugs were abolished, and the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast. On January 29, 1935 Kalinin Oblast was established, and Maksatikhinsky District was transferred to Kalinin Oblast.[11]

On July 9, 1937 Maksatikhinsky District was included into Karelian National Okrug, which was established as a Tver Karelians autonomy. On February 7, 1939 the okrug was abolished.[11] In 1990, Kalinin Oblast was renamed Tver Oblast.

On June 1, 1936 Brusovsky District with the administrative center in the settlement of Brusovo was established as a part of Kalinin Oblast. On November 14, 1960, it was abolished and split between Maksatikhinsky and Udomelsky Districts.[11]

On July 9, 1937, Kozlovsky District with the administrative center in the selo of Kozlovo was established as a part of Karelian National Okrug. On February 7, 1939 it was subordinated directly to Kalinin Oblast. On July 4, 1956 it was abolished and split between Maksatikhinsky and Spirovsky Districts.[11]

EconomyEdit

IndustryEdit

There are enterprises of timber and food industry in the district.[12]

AgricultureEdit

The main agricultural specializations of the district are cattle breeding with meat and milk production and vegetables farming.[13]

TransportationEdit

The railway connecting Rybinsk and Bologoye via Bezhetsk crosses the district from east to west. Maksatikha is the principal station within the district.

Maksatikha is connected by roads with Tver via Rameshki, with Bezhetsk, with Vyshny Volochyok, and with Lesnoye. There are also local roads with bus traffic originating from Maksatikha.

Culture and recreationEdit

The district contains seventeen cultural heritage monuments of federal significance and additionally twenty-five objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance. The federal monuments include the complex of the Nikolo-Terebensky Monastery in the settlement of Truzhenik, the Dormition Church in the selo of Dobryni, built in the middle of the 18th century, as well as a number of archeological sites.[14]

Maksatikhnsky District is one of four districts of Tver Oblast with a significant number of Tver Karelians.[15]

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 28 240», в ред. изменения №278/2015 от 1 января 2016 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division (OKATO). Code 28 240, as amended by the Amendment #278/2015 of January 1, 2016. ).
  2. ^ a b Максатихинский район (in Russian). Администрация Максатихинского района. Retrieved October 7, 2013.
  3. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  4. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  5. ^ The count of urban-type settlements may include the work settlements, the resort settlements, the suburban (dacha) settlements, as well as urban-type settlements proper.
  6. ^ a b Law #4-ZO
  7. ^ Law #36-ZO
  8. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  9. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  10. ^ Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  11. ^ a b c d e Справка об изменениях в административно-территориальном делении Тверской губернии - Калининской области (in Russian). Архивы России. Archived from the original on April 19, 2012. Retrieved October 17, 2013.
  12. ^ Промышленность (in Russian). Администрация Максатихинского района. Retrieved October 16, 2013.
  13. ^ Максатихинский район (in Russian). Администрация Максатихинского района. Retrieved October 16, 2013.
  14. ^ Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved June 2, 2016.
  15. ^ Манаков, А.Г. (2002). Геокультурное пространство северо-запада Русской равнины: Динамика, структура, иерархия (in Russian). Pskov: Центр «Возрождение». ISBN 5-902166-02-0.

SourcesEdit

  • Законодательное Собрание Тверской области. Закон №4-ЗО от 18 января 2005 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований Тверской области и наделении их статусом городских округов, муниципальных районов», в ред. Закона №65-ЗО от 24 июля 2012 г. «О внесении изменения в статью 2 Закона Тверской области "Об установлении границ муниципальных образований Тверской области и наделении их статусом городских округов, муниципальных районов"». Вступил в силу через десять дней после официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Тверские ведомости", №3, 21–27 января 2005 г. (Legislative Assembly of Tver Oblast. Law #4-ZO of January 18, 2005 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Tver Oblast and on Granting Them the Status of Urban Okrugs, Municipal Districts, as amended by the Law #65-ZO of July 24, 2012 On Amending Article 2 of the Law of Tver Oblast "On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations of Tver Oblast and on Granting Them the Status of Urban Okrugs, Municipal Districts". Effective as of the day which is ten days after the official publication.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Тверской области. Закон №36-ЗО от 28 февраля 2005 г. «Об установлении границ муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории муниципального образования Тверской области "Максатихинский район", и наделении их статусом городского, сельского поселения», в ред. Закона №110-ЗО от 24 декабря 2014 г. «О представительных органах и главах вновь образованных муниципальных образований Тверской области и внесении изменения в Приложение №1 к Закону Тверской области "Об установлении границ муниципальных образований, входящих в состав территории муниципального образования Тверской области "Максатихинский район", и наделении их статусом городского, сельского поселения"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Тверские ведомости", №10, 11–17 марта 2005 г. (Legislative Assembly of Tver Oblast. Law #36-ZO of February 28, 2005 On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations Comprised by the Territory of the Municipal Formation of "Maksatikhinsky District" and on Granting Them the Status of Urban, Rural Settlements, as amended by the Law #110-ZO of December 24, 2014 On the Representative Bodies and Heads of the Newly Established Municipal Formations in Tver Oblast and on Amending Appendix #1 to the Law of Tver Oblast "On Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations Comprised by the Territory of the Municipal Formation of "Maksatikhinsky District" and on Granting Them the Status of Urban, Rural Settlements". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).